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33 records – page 1 of 4.

[Analysis of tuberculosis mortality dynamics in Sverdlovsk region in 1995-96].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209920
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1997;(4):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
O B Nechaeva
V A Arenskií
T N Gribanova
T I Telesheva
A V Rezaíkin
Author Affiliation
Region Scientific-Practical Union "Phthisiopulmonology', Sverdlovsk.
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1997;(4):12-4
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cause of Death
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - mortality
Abstract
Among the deceased in the Sverdlovsk Region in 1995 - 1996 there was a larger proportion of males and individuals aged over 40 years, unemployed, homeless persons, patients with infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis, concomitant diseases and a smaller proportion of those with prolonged pulmonary tuberculosis, its fibrocavernous type, persons who died from secondary nonspecific changes and complications of the tuberculosis process. Today the most common causes of premature death due to tuberculosis are in patients' refusal of treatment, systemic incompliance, a severe concomitant disease, contraindications for surgical treatment, drug resistance to tuberculostatic agents, drug shortage, late referral for medical aid and long-term evasion of prophylactic surveys for tuberculosis.
PubMed ID
9333805 View in PubMed
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An approach to estimating tuberculosis incidence and case detection rate from routine notification data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268763
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Mar;19(3):288-94, i-x
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2015
Author
K K Avilov
A A Romanyukha
S E Borisov
E M Belilovsky
O B Nechaeva
A S Karkach
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Mar;19(3):288-94, i-x
Date
Mar-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Incidence
Models, Theoretical
Mycobacterium tuberculosis - isolation & purification
Population Surveillance
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Abstract
To estimate tuberculosis (TB) incidence and case detection rate (CDR) using routine TB surveillance data only.
A mathematical model of the case detection process, representing competition between disease progression and case finding, is proposed. The model describes disease progression as a two-stage process (bacillary and non-bacillary TB), and so relates the proportion of bacillary TB cases on detection to the effectiveness of detection. Thus, given the annual numbers of newly detected TB cases stratified by bacillary status, the model estimates detection rates, incidence and CDR. Routine notification data from eight provinces in Russia, 2000-2011, were used for the study.
Subnational level estimates of incidence and CDR were obtained. Incidence estimates varied by two-fold among the provinces; corrected CDR estimates varied by 1.5 times. The trend in the incidence estimates was similar to that in the World Health Organization estimates for the whole of Russia. The change in the trend in WHO CDR estimates in 2008-2009 was not supported by our estimates.
The general approach that uses multistage models of disease progression and accordingly stratified notification data can be applied in various settings for the routine estimation of incidence and CDR.
PubMed ID
25686136 View in PubMed
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[Causes of death from fibrocavernous pulmonary tuberculosis in the Sverdlovsk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167668
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2006;(7):27-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
O B Nechaeva
E I Skachkova
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2006;(7):27-9
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Catchment Area (Health)
Cause of Death
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Fibrosis - mortality
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - mortality
Abstract
In the Sverdlovsk Region, the main reason of death from tuberculosis is a fibrocavernous pulmonary process (51.8%) that is most commonly detected in the postportem diagnosis of tuberculosis (61.9%). Before death, patients with fibrocavernous tuberculosis do not ask for medical aid frequently (73.4%). In the first-year follow-up, most deceased persons come to health care facilities 3 months or more after the occurrence of significant clinical symptoms (60.8%). The refusals of patients to receive in- and outpatient therapy, multiple discharges from hospital due to their incompliance, following by long-term therapy discontinuance, which led to secondary multidrug resistance, were responsible for progressive tuberculosis that was the main cause of death from a fibrocavernous process.
PubMed ID
16944710 View in PubMed
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[Causes of death from tuberculosis in municipal entities of the Sverdlovsk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature173488
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2005;(6):29-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
O B Nechaeva
E I Skachkova
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2005;(6):29-32
Date
2005
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Cause of Death
Humans
Rural Population - statistics & numerical data
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - mortality
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Before the disease was registered, the first detected patients who died from tuberculosis had not generally turned for medical aid or had turned 3 months or more after the occurrence of significant clinical signs. Before their death from tuberculosis, the contingents of tuberculosis-controlling services of municipal entities were discharged from hospital many times for violation of the inpatient routine; subsequently they did not come to a tuberculosis dispensary and refused to be treated in the outpatient setting. Primary drug resistance, allergic reactions, and intolerability of antituberculous drugs did not play a significant role in the occurrence of death. The patients are themselves guilty in the development of secondary resistance to some drugs.
PubMed ID
16078718 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of clinical course of pulmonary tuberculosis in penitentiary population].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219371
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1994;(4):11-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
O B Nechaeva
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1994;(4):11-4
Date
1994
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Combined Modality Therapy
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Prisons
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Social Class
Time Factors
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Abstract
The course of consumption was studied in 374 residents of the Sverdlovsk Region who had been in prison for different periods of time. Among them, there were prevalent young males with lower educational and professional levels, who were single or divorced, and had a poor social status. A third of the patients had fallen ill mainly in the first 5 years of imprisonment. The disease was detected in the half of the remaining persons in the first 3 years after imprisonment. Despite frequent cases with severe tuberculosis, long-term multimodality therapy allowed the tuberculosis process to be adequately treated and the disease to be cured in most patients. The main cause that aggravates the course of tuberculosis is the patients' refusal to take a systematic treatment.
PubMed ID
7984602 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of the course of respiratory organ tuberculosis in newly detected patients who work in the mechanical engineering industry]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69887
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1980 Aug;(8):7-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1980

[Clinical course of lung cancer in workers exposed to industrial dust].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227366
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(9):16-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
O B Nechaeva
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(9):16-7
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Dust - adverse effects
Engineering
Female
Fluoroscopy
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - etiology - pathology - prevention & control - radiography
Male
Mass Chest X-Ray
Metallurgy
Middle Aged
Pneumoconiosis - complications
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
Studies of the clinical courses of lung cancer in 66 patients professionally engaged in dust-affected labour conditions in comparison with 219 diseased inhabitants of machine-producing industrial zones, revealed that the pneumoconiosis-related cases developed mostly peripheral forms of lung cancer. In pneumoconiosis-free patients occupationally engaged in labour conditions affected with dust, lung cancer, once it had appeared, was progressing very fast. This confirmed the necessity of annual preventive examinations of the workers who had been engaged in coniosohazardous labour conditions.
PubMed ID
1839005 View in PubMed
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[Concept of rendering antituberculosis care to the population of Sverdlovsk Region under present socioeconomic conditions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198989
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2000;(1):9-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
O B Nechaeva
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2000;(1):9-11
Date
2000
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Incidence
Russia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Tuberculosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Abstract
The regional concept of rendering antituberculosis care to the population includes: the creation of a legal basis by passing a law on tuberculosis, special planning of tuberculosis control measures by adopting a special programme, an interdepartmental approach to rendering antituberculosis care to the population by setting up interdepartmental commission on tuberculosis control, computer-aided tuberculosis monitoring, activities in the prevention and detection of tuberculosis mainly in high-risk groups, the activities of phthisiological facilities by the developed standards and regulations, and the centralization of the antituberculosis drug supply system.
PubMed ID
10750418 View in PubMed
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[Dispensary registration groups and follow-up periods of patients with silicotuberculosis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192867
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2001;(6):22-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
O B Nechaeva
A G Gol'del'man
E S Naumenko
E P Zhovtiak
Z P Shegezhdy
A L Iarina
T A Orlova
V I Ershova
A P Meroshnikova
E A Larina
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2001;(6):22-3
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antitubercular Agents - therapeutic use
Diagnosis, Differential
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Radiography, Thoracic
Russia
Silicosis - diagnosis
Silicotuberculosis - diagnosis - drug therapy - radiography
Time Factors
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Abstract
Silicosis is the most common and most frequently tuberculosis-complicated pneumoconiosis with poor prognosis. So a procedure for following up patients with silicotuberculosis requires revision and elaboration. Long-term follow-ups have made it possible to define early signs of this disease and to propose a number of techniques for its early diagnosis, such as chest computed tomography and polarization serum crystal microscopy. Specific recommendations on follow-ups of patients with silicosis and silicotuberculosis by a phthisiologist are laid down.
PubMed ID
11641951 View in PubMed
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[Drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Sverdlovsk Region]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9827
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2002;(9):8-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
O B Nechaeva
E I Skachkova
N I Fomina
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2002;(9):8-11
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Antitubercular Agents - therapeutic use
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - complications
Risk factors
Rural Population
Sex Factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Time Factors
Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant - complications - drug therapy - epidemiology - mortality
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - complications - drug therapy - epidemiology - mortality
Urban Population
Abstract
In the Sverdlovsk Region, multidrug resistance was observed in greater than 8% of patients isolating bacteria mainly in the residents of cities, former prisoners, those having fibrocavernous tuberculosis complicated by chronic nonspecific lung disease (CNLD). Primary resistance was determined in 4.7%, secondary resistance developing in 57.4% of cases 3 years or longer after the initiation of treatment. The most common cause of multiresistant tuberculosis is irregular treatment, patients' discontinuation of some antituberculous agents, as well as scarce financing of a tuberculosis control service, which prevents the standard treatment regimens from using in tuberculosis. Death due to tuberculosis was largely occurred irregularly treated dwellers of cities, tuberculosis-induced disabled individuals, alcohol abusers, patients with CNLD, or having fibrocavernous tuberculosis resistant to 4-5 antituberculous agents.
PubMed ID
12524978 View in PubMed
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33 records – page 1 of 4.