Based on the clinical, laboratory and instrumental studies made at the Cardiorheumatologic Department of the K.A. Rauchfuss City Child's Hospital in Leningrad the authors describe evolution shown by rheumatic fever in children over the recent 30 years. In their opinion, the cases of so-called classical rheumatic fever with moderate and maximal activity of the inflammatory process occurred more frequently over the recent years. In spite of this fact rheumatic fever in children is characterized today by the decreased number of relapses and by the reduced incidence of heart disease. Attention is drawn to the circumstance that over the recent years the pediatricians tend towards the underdiagnosis of rheumatic fever.
In the period of 2001-2004, frequency of cells bearing mutations at T-cell receptor (TCR) locus was assessed in 553 inhabitants of radiation polluted regions of the Russian Federation and 154 unexposed control persons. The inhabitants were divided into three groups according to age at the moment of the Chernobyl disaster and 137Cs pollution density: 1) in utero, 37-555 kBq/m2; 2) 0-14 years old, 20-555 kBq/m2; 3) 18 and more years old, highest 137Cs density (185 more than 555 kBq/m2). The most intense changes of the TCR-mutant cell frequency were observed in the group of persons exposed to ionizing radiation in utero. The mean frequency of the mutant cells was higher in the first group than in age-matched control group by about 1.5-fold: 4.0 x 10(-4) vs 2.7 x 10(-4) accordingly (p
Using flow-cytometric method the frequency of lymphocytes beaming mutations at T-cell receptor (TCR) locus was assessed in women residing in radiation polluted regions of Bryansk and Tula Districts. Simultaneously genotyping of the 8 polymorph loci for genes involved in detoxication of xenobiotics and oestrogen metabolism was carried out. The increased TCR-mutant cell frequency was found to be characteristic of homozygotes of the low activity appropriated enzymes for 3 loci (HFE187, GSTM1 and MTHFR) at least. This tendency was statistically significant in case of deletion polymorphism of the GSTM1 gene: TCR-mutant cell frequency of the homozygous carriers of a deletion at the GSTM1 locus was (4.63 +/- 0.18) x 10(-4) while it was (4.05 +/- 0.15) x 10(-4) in other groups of persons. The greatest mutant cell frequency was observed in carriers of the minor allele 4889G of the locus CYP1A. More often the increased values of the TCR-mutant cells (outside range "3sigma") were determined in women with genotypes A/G or G/G of the locus CYP1A1 (25%) than in carries of the normal genotype A/A (1.6%) (OR = 20.6; p = 0.0002). The comparison of the groups of women with reproductive system diseases reveals significant elevation in the mean TCR-mutant cell frequency in inhabitants of the most radiation polluted region among others.