Health analysis of the basic and contractual servicemen of varying age was performed using the data of multi-year observations of personnel of a surface naval unit in the Kola arctic region. The article presents analysis of seamen health, level and structure of primary morbidity, structure and causes of injuries, distribution by the ICD-10 codes of disease, and data of regular medical check-ups. The term of comorbidity has been proposed to analyze morbidity among the servicemen and its dependence on environmental and occupational factors. Effects of the Kola environment on the servicemen health condition were demonstrated.
Authors analyzed data characterizing health status of military men serving on the North Fleet, peculiarities of changes in category of fitness for military service in 2002-2011. It was found that 75.1% of conscripts fell into first health group, 20.1%--fell into second health group, 4.8%--fell into third health group. Authors gave detailed characteristics of frequent diseases in military men. Authors formulated organizational solutions, ways of improvement of conscripts' health status.
Morbidity among the personnel of a Kola-based (beyond the Arctic circle) atomic (ASM) and diesel-powered (DSM) submarines in the course of long-distance cruises in different waters of the world ocean was studied. Statistics was collected from the reports of submarine medical officers since 1969. Levels and causes of morbidity were analyzed. According to the data of many years' observations, within the structure of primary diseases of military contractors on cruises the leading place has been occupied by respiratory disorders followed by skin and subcutaneous fat problems, and digestive diseases. Incidence of chronic diseases among ASM and DSM personnel was evaluated. The authors raise the issue of dental care quality provided to submariners.
The article considers the issues of defects in functioning of conscripting military medical commissions using the analysis of long standing statistical data concerning the changes of category of physical fitness of young conscripts arrived to reinforce the Northern fleet. The study used the materials of reports of the results of medical examination of young reinforcement in 2002-2011. The analysis of 847 disease certificates of conscripts referred to hospital check-up with following health examination by military medical commission of the fleet to reveal diseases blocking the military service admission. The probability model is presented of comorbidity among conscripts to enhance the validity of planning of curative health promoting activities in youth generation. It is proposed during planned control of military commissariats to consider as a separate control elements the analysis of implementation of planned curative health promoting activities concerning conscripts on individual and group levels. The same position is proposed to apply to number of conscripted citizen who were send to military forces but at a later date were admitted as limitedly fitted for military service and not fitted for military service at conscription.
The article presents, on the basis of twenty-year monitoring of trophic status of recruits (1995-2015) drafted to Kola trans-polar territories, dependence of individuals with undernourishment and lower nutrition from national macro-economic indices during the period after expressed crisis economic occurrences percentage of individuals with lower trophic status increased. The article proposes technique of social economic monitoring of accessibility of food market in all territories and at all levels of executive authorities based on analysis of trophic status of minors according results of dispensarization. The school meals is proposed to be included into the education standard of secondary school with the purpose of health promotion of the youth.
Considering specific climate and geographic peculiarities of North Europe, the authors analyzed 13,018 cases of registered trauma among North Navy Division staffers over 11 years. Traumatism analysis covered levels in separate categories of servicemen, in circumstances and causes before trauma. Age-related analysis was also conducted, and the authors established a structure of insurance cases for trauma, disclosed season-related and social components of traumatism among the servicemen. Thorough analysis covered also sport traumatism and cases of injuries under alcohol intoxication. Special study delt with traumatism due to violated rules of by-law relationshipls between servicemen.