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17 records – page 1 of 2.

[A case study of the contents of radionuclides and of main chemical pollutants in the atmospheric air of Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184554
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 May-Jun;(3):19-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
I P Korenkov
O S Chapkovich
P A Briukhanov
F I Pasechnik
N K Shandala
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 May-Jun;(3):19-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air - analysis
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
The article contains data on monitoring the atmospheric air pollution in Moscow. Thus, the below figures are presented: beta ranges from 2.6 E-0.5 to 5.7 E-0.04 Bk/m3, airborne pollutants amount to 3-80 mkg/m3, sulfates--0.002-1.58 mkg(S)/m3, nitrates--0.05-0.75 mkg(N2)/m3 ammonium ions--0.12-1.20 mkg (N2)/m3, sulfuric dioxides--0.11-1.20 mkg (S)/m3. nitric dioxides--0.05-0.5 mlg (N2)/m3 and nitric acid--0.01-0.08 mkg (N2)/m3. The concentration of airborne pollutants exceeds the regional European level (22 mkg/m3) and that of Russia's European part (12 ... 28 mkg/m3) approximately by 1.5 times. It is noteworthy that it reaches 50 ... 70 mkg/m3 in large industrial centers of Europe. The share of sulfuric and nitric acids in the total concentration of airborne pollutants is (by weight) 13%. 0.8 g of sulfur per m2/year and 0.34 g of nitrogen per m2/year fall in the area of Sport-and-Recreation Complex No. 3 with precipitations; the average total beta-activity of atmospheric precipitations amounts to 1.2 Bk/m2 per day. An analysis of relationships between the air dustiness, the ashes samples' weight (of the air) and cuvette (precipitations) is indicative of their direct and tense correlation: the correlation coefficient between dust and ashes samples is 0.716, and between dust and ashes samples of cuvettes--0.559. At the same time, an extremely weak correlation should be pointed out between air dustiness and the total beta-activity of samples--the correlation coefficient is 0.184 (during a warm year season), as well as between dustiness and the beta-activity of cuvettes--0.346.
PubMed ID
12852032 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of oncogenic risk of the irradiation of the thyroid gland in humans]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24951
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
I A Zvonova
I A Likhtarev
I V Filiushkin
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper deals with one of the most urgent aspects of irradiation hygiene, namely assessment of risk for irradiation-induced cancers of the thyroid. A model is described to predict high mortality rates of thyroidal cancer in the population due to the catastrophe at the Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. With the model, life-time risk rates involving sex and age at the moment of irradiation, as well as an irradiation mode.
PubMed ID
1950157 View in PubMed
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[Dynamics of the radiation conditions and evaluation of the radiation dosage of the inhabitants of Kiev following the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36860
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
A M Shandala
I A Kairo
I P Los'
T M Likhtareva
A V Goritskii
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Background Radiation
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Humans
Infant
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Pollutants
Ukraine
Abstract
The estimation of the effective dose equivalents of exposure to accidental and non-accidental sources was made on the basis of the studying of radiation situation variations in Kiev after the Chernobyl accident in 1986-1989. The total annual effective dose equivalents to the Kiev population from all sources of exposure for 1986-1989 were 9.19, 7.29, 5.34 and 5.03 mSv, respectively. The necessity of radiation health measures aimed at limiting the intake of long-acting radionuclides of Chernobyl nature and reducing the exposure doses by optimizing the x-ray procedure and by regulating the natural radioactivity of building materials are under discussion.
PubMed ID
1626411 View in PubMed
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[Health-related evaluation of thyroid irradiation doses in inhabitants of the Ukrainian S.S.R. after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24949
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A E Romanenko
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
I A Kairo
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Microcomputers
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Software
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper considers the radiation doses of the thyroid gland in the inhabitants from the Ukrainian SSR areas (Kiev, Zhitomir, Chernigov, and Vinnitsa Regions), which have been obtained by instrumental studies of thyroidal radioactivity in May-June, 1986, and calculated by the most conservative single-dose administration model. A hygienic evaluation has been made of the findings, taking into account the age and residence. The cumulative irradiation doses of the thyroid have been estimated for children and adults. Possible late sequelae for the areas in question may account for 1060 and 300 thyroid carcinoma cases during the whole life for children and adults, respectively.
PubMed ID
1950160 View in PubMed
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Independent regulatory examination of radiation situation in the areas of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes storage in the Russian far east.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135276
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Jul;146(1-3):129-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2011
Author
N K Shandala
S M Kiselev
A I Lucyanec
A V Titov
V A Seregin
D V Isaev
S V Akhromeev
Author Affiliation
Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre, Moscow, Russia.
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Jul;146(1-3):129-32
Date
Jul-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Cobalt Radioisotopes - analysis
Gamma Rays
Government Regulation
Humans
Industrial Waste - prevention & control
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Monitoring - legislation & jurisprudence
Radiation Protection - legislation & jurisprudence
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Russia
Safety Management - legislation & jurisprudence
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Strontium Radioisotopes - analysis
Waste Management - legislation & jurisprudence
Abstract
This paper describes the findings of the radiation situation analysis on-site near Sysoeva and Razbojnik Bays. The results of radiation monitoring performed by radiological laboratory of DalRAO and studies performed by the experts from the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre have been used in the course of analysis. On the industrial sites, gamma dose rate reaches 60 µSv h(-1), and the specific activities of man-made radionuclides in soil reach 2.5 × 10(4) Bq kg(-1) for (137)Cs, 7.6 × 10(3) Bq kg(-1) for (90)Sr and 2.0 × 10(3) Bq kg(-1) for (60)Co. Beyond the industrial sites, there are three local parts of the area on the coast and in the off-shore water area, contaminated with man-made radionuclides. Gamma dose rate reaches 8 µSv h(-1). The radionuclide contents in soil at this area reach 3.6 × 10(3), 2.8 × 10(3) and 19 Bq kg(-1) for (137)?s, (90)Sr and (60)??, respectively. At the remaining part of the area nearby Sysoeva Bay, the radiation situation complies with natural background.
PubMed ID
21493600 View in PubMed
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[RADIATION HYGIENIC MONITORING AT THE AREA OF THE LOCATION OF THE FAR EASTERN CENTER FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT (FEC "DALRAO"--BRANCH OF FSUE "ROSRAO")].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268679
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):49-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Kiselev
N K Shandala
S V Akhromeev
T I Gimadova
V A Seregin
A V Titov
N G Biryukova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):49-52
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis
Hazardous Waste Sites - standards
Hygiene - standards
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radiation Protection - methods - standards
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Radioisotopes - analysis
Russia
Safety Management - organization & administration
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Water Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Abstract
Intensification ofactivities in the field of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) management in the Far East region of Russia assumes an increase of the environmental load on the territories adjacent to the enterprise and settlements. To ensure radiation safety during works on SNF and radioactive waste management in the standard mode of operation and during the rehabilitation works in the contaminated territories, there is need for the optimization of the existing system of radiation-hygienic monitoring, aimed at the implementation of complex dynamic observation of parameters of radiation-hygienic situation and radiation amount of the population living in the vicinity of the Far Eastern Center for Radioactive Waste Management (FEC "DALRAO"). To solve this problem there is required a significant amount of total and enough structured information on the character of the formation of the radiation situation, the potential ways of the spread of man-made pollution to the surrounding area, determining the radiation load on the population living in the vicinity of the object. In this paper there are presented the results of field studies of the radiation situation at the plant FEC "DALRAO", which were obtained during the course of expedition trips in 2009-2012.
PubMed ID
26625616 View in PubMed
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[RADIATION SAFETY DURING REMEDIATION OF THE "SEVRAO" FACILITIES].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268687
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):10-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
N K Shandala
S M Kiselev
A V Titov
A V Simakov
V A Seregin
V P Kryuchkov
L S Bogdanova
M I Grachev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):10-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Decontamination - methods
Hazardous Waste Sites
Industrial Waste - prevention & control
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radiation Protection - methods
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Russia
Safety Management - organization & administration
Abstract
Within a framework of national program on elimination of nuclear legacy, State Corporation "Rosatom" is working on rehabilitation at the temporary waste storage facility at Andreeva Bay (Northwest Center for radioactive waste "SEVRAO"--the branch of "RosRAO"), located in the North-West of Russia. In the article there is presented an analysis of the current state of supervision for radiation safety of personnel and population in the context of readiness of the regulator to the implementation of an effective oversight of radiation safety in the process of radiation-hazardous work. Presented in the article results of radiation-hygienic monitoring are an informative indicator of the effectiveness of realized rehabilitation measures and characterize the radiation environment in the surveillance zone as a normal, without the tendency to its deterioration.
PubMed ID
26625607 View in PubMed
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17 records – page 1 of 2.