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14 records – page 1 of 2.

[About the meeting of the leaders of tuberculosis-controlling services of the subjects of the Russian Federation on progress in 2003].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174866
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2005;(2):37-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005

[Analysis of risk factors of the occurrence of drug resistance in patients with tuberculosis from civil and penitentiary sectors in the Samara Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174083
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2005;(5):25-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
Ia M Balabanova
M. Raddi
K. Gram
N A Malomanova
E D Elizarova
S I Kuznetsov
G I Gusarova
S M Zakharova
A S Melent'ev
E G Kriukova
I M Fedorin
V I Golyshevskaia
I R Dorozhkova
M V Shilova
V V Erokhin
F. Drobnevskii
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2005;(5):25-31
Date
2005
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antibiotics, Antitubercular - therapeutic use
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Mycobacterium tuberculosis - drug effects - isolation & purification
Prisoners
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant - diagnosis - epidemiology - microbiology
Abstract
The true prevalence rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRT) are unknown for most regions of Russia. This study was conducted in the Samara Region that differs from other regions in the rapid spread of HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the primary and acquired resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MBT) to first-line antituberculous drugs in patients from civil and penitentiary sectors and to reveal risk factors of drug resistance of MBT. Six hundred patients (309 civilians and 291 prisoners who had been bacteriologically diagnosed as having tuberculosis. The authors have established the following:--in new cases, primary drug resistance is as follows: to isoniazid [38.9% (95% CI, 31.3-36.9%)], to rifampicin [25.9% (95% CI, 19.4-33.4%)] and to MDRT [23.0% (95% CI, 16.7-30.3%)];--in prisoners, the primary resistance of MBT was statistically more significant than in civilians;--male sex, in adequate prior or current treatment for tuberculosis for more than 4 weeks, the presence of fibrocavernous tuberculosis and previous prison stay are essential risk factors of the development of resistance of MBT to both any first-line drug and MDRT;--HIV infection is unassociated with resistance.
PubMed ID
15988974 View in PubMed
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[Epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Russian Federation and Moscow in 1994].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213552
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1996;(2):7-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996

[Impact of exogenous infection on tuberculosis infection rates in children and adolescents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186160
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2003;(1):7-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
M V Shilova
A A Miliaev
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2003;(1):7-11
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child, Preschool
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology
Abstract
The impact of exogenous infection on the course of an epidemic process was considered. The spread of tuberculosis infection from an ill patient to children and adolescents within a territorial focus was observed. A mapping study allowed the authors to make a goal-oriented search for patients with tuberculosis, as well as primarily infected children and adolescents.
PubMed ID
12652974 View in PubMed
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[Meeting-symposium of Chief Physicians of Tuberculosis Control Facilities of the Russian Federation on the Results of Activities in Tuberculosis Control Care of the Population in 2000].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192093
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2001;(8):63-4
Publication Type
Article
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2001

[Modern organizational forms of work in an antituberculosis dispensary]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70032
Source
Zdravookhr Ross Fed. 1973 Oct;(10):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1973

[Prediction of the rate of tuberculosis mortality (calculation methodology)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170429
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2006;(1):22-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
M V Shilova
T V Glumnaia
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2006;(1):22-8
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Humans
Mycobacterium Infections - complications - epidemiology
Prognosis
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - microbiology - mortality
Abstract
Correlation and cross-correlation analyses were used to predict the rate of mortality. The equations of linear and multiple regressions were derived. The indices and factors, which are related and affect the rate of tuberculosis mortality, are defined. Based on the indices, the authors have developed short- and long-term predictions of the rate of mortality. The latter is expected to reduce and stabilize by 2010.
PubMed ID
16512181 View in PubMed
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The resurgence of tuberculosis in Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature193581
Source
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001 Jul 29;356(1411):1069-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-29-2001
Author
M V Shilova
C. Dye
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology and Antituberculosis Care Organization, Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology, I. M. Setchenov Medical Academy, 4 Dostoevsky Street, 101478 Moscow, Russian Federation.
Source
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001 Jul 29;356(1411):1069-75
Date
Jul-29-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Prevalence
Prisons
Quality of Health Care
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
Tuberculosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Abstract
This paper documents and attempts to explain the epidemic spread of tuberculosis (TB) in Russia during the 1990s. After several decades of decline, the notification rate of all new TB cases among permanent residents increased by 7.5% per year from 1991-1999 and the death rate by 11% per year. Growth was quickest from 1993-1995 but increased again after the economic crisis of August 1998. Approximately 120 000 new cases and 30 000 deaths were reported in 1999. Case detection and cure rates have fallen in Russia since the mid-1980s; the fall has been accompanied by a higher frequency of severe disease among cases, and higher death and case fatality rates. With a mathematical model describing the deterioration in case finding and cure rates we could replicate the average rate of increase in incidence 1991-1999 but not the precise timing of the observed changes. Other factors that probably helped to shape the observed rise in caseload include enhanced transmission due to the mixing of prison and civilian populations, an increase in susceptibility to disease, and changes in the proportion of cases detected by surveillance. Although our explanation for the resurgence of TB is incomplete, we have identified a set of measures that can be implemented now to cut transmission, incidence and deaths.
PubMed ID
11516384 View in PubMed
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Specific features of the spread of tuberculosis in Russia at the end of the 20th century.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature191854
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Dec;953:124-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2001
Author
M V Shilova
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology and TB Control, Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology (RIPh), Moscow Sechenov Medical Academy, Russia. Oxana.Gouli@kingshc.nhs.uk
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Dec;953:124-32
Date
Dec-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antitubercular Agents - pharmacology - therapeutic use
History, 20th Century
Humans
Pharmacoepidemiology
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis - epidemiology - history
Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant - epidemiology - history
Abstract
This study shows the dynamics of the epidemiological process over the last decade and presents the causes of the deterioration in TB control. Explanations are given for the TB mortality rate increase, the trustworthiness of the data, and the factors influencing its formation. The present-day TB epidemiological situation in Russia is characterized by an increase in exogenous infection. Peaks of epidemiological deterioration were registered in 1993 and 1999. Marked deterioration of the epidemiological situation in 1999 resulted from an economic crisis in August 1998 and a consequent dramatic decrease in the living standards of the population. In the 1990s this trend has changed. TB infection spreads according to trends that are quite similar to those at the beginning of 20th century. The official TB morbidity rate does not reflect the true level of incidence because of undetected TB cases (approx. 10%).
PubMed ID
11795404 View in PubMed
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14 records – page 1 of 2.