Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

Associations among 25-year trends in diet, cholesterol and BMI from 140,000 observations in men and women in Northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123566
Source
Nutr J. 2012;11:40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Ingegerd Johansson
Lena Maria Nilsson
Birgitta Stegmayr
Kurt Boman
Göran Hallmans
Anna Winkvist
Author Affiliation
Department of Odontology, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden. ingegerd.johansson@odont.umu.se
Source
Nutr J. 2012;11:40
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Body mass index
Cholesterol - blood
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted - adverse effects
Diet, High-Fat - adverse effects
Diet, Reducing - adverse effects - trends
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Mass Media - trends
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance - ethnology
Sex Characteristics
Sweden
Weight Gain
Abstract
In the 1970s, men in northern Sweden had among the highest prevalences of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) worldwide. An intervention program combining population- and individual-oriented activities was initiated in 1985. Concurrently, collection of information on medical risk factors, lifestyle and anthropometry started. Today, these data make up one of the largest databases in the world on diet intake in a population-based sample, both in terms of sample size and follow-up period. The study examines trends in food and nutrient intake, serum cholesterol and body mass index (BMI) from 1986 to 2010 in northern Sweden.
Cross-sectional information on self-reported food and nutrient intake and measured body weight, height, and serum cholesterol were compiled for over 140,000 observations. Trends and trend breaks over the 25-year period were evaluated for energy-providing nutrients, foods contributing to fat intake, serum cholesterol and BMI.
Reported intake of fat exhibited two significant trend breaks in both sexes: a decrease between 1986 and 1992 and an increase from 2002 (women) or 2004 (men). A reverse trend was noted for carbohydrates, whereas protein intake remained unchanged during the 25-year period. Significant trend breaks in intake of foods contributing to total fat intake were seen. Reported intake of wine increased sharply for both sexes (more so for women) and export beer increased for men. BMI increased continuously for both sexes, whereas serum cholesterol levels decreased during 1986 - 2004, remained unchanged until 2007 and then began to rise. The increase in serum cholesterol coincided with the increase in fat intake, especially with intake of saturated fat and fats for spreading on bread and cooking.
Men and women in northern Sweden decreased their reported fat intake in the first 7 years (1986-1992) of an intervention program. After 2004 fat intake increased sharply for both genders, which coincided with introduction of a positive media support for low carbohydrate-high-fat (LCHF) diet. The decrease and following increase in cholesterol levels occurred simultaneously with the time trends in food selection, whereas a constant increase in BMI remained unaltered. These changes in risk factors may have important effects on primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Notes
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:18-2414660243
Cites: J Intern Med. 2007 Apr;261(4):366-7417391111
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:31-714660245
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 1985 Jun;14(2):285-924018996
Cites: Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. 1985;39 Suppl 1:5-414044297
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1986 Dec;124(6):903-153776973
Cites: Stat Med. 2000 Feb 15;19(3):335-5110649300
Cites: Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 May;61(5):575-8117136037
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 26;360(9):859-7319246357
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 13;169(7):659-6919364995
Cites: Eur Heart J. 2009 May;30(9):1046-5619141562
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2009 Sep;12(9):1477-8419144238
Cites: Eur Urol. 2009 Jan;55(1):249-5020050018
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr;39(2):504-1819959603
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2010 Jun;13(6A):932-820513263
Cites: Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Aug;64(8):905-1320502473
Cites: Ann Intern Med. 2010 Sep 7;153(5):289-9820820038
Cites: Cancer Causes Control. 2010 Oct;21(10):1533-4420512657
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Oct;92(4):967-7420826627
Cites: Diabetes Care. 2010 Dec;33(12):2684-9120693352
Cites: J Intern Med. 2011 Feb;269(2):219-3121158982
Cites: Environ Health. 2011;10:3321504558
Cites: Acta Neurol Scand. 2012 Jun;125(6):382-821793808
Cites: Lancet. 2000 Feb 26;355(9205):675-8710703799
Cites: J Intern Med. 2000 May;247(5):579-8710809997
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2001 Aug;4(4):919-2711527517
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2001;56:13-2011681559
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2002 Jun;5(3):487-9612003662
Cites: Lancet. 2003 May 3;361(9368):1496-50112737858
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:9-1714660242
Cites: World Health Stat Q. 1987;40(2):171-843617777
Cites: Prog Med Chem. 1988;25:291-3383076969
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 1993 Dec;22(6):1026-378144283
Cites: Stroke. 1994 Sep;25(9):1738-458073452
Cites: Lancet. 1994 Nov 19;344(8934):1383-97968073
Cites: BMJ. 1995 Oct 14;311(7011):986-97580640
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 1997;26 Suppl 1:S6-149126529
Cites: J Intern Med. 1998 Feb;243(2):99-1079566637
Cites: Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Sep;16(3):171-69800231
Cites: Circulation. 1999 Feb 16;99(6):779-859989963
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2005;33(4):321-4; discussion 24316087495
Cites: Lancet. 2005 Oct 8;366(9493):1267-7816214597
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13;166(3):285-9316476868
Cites: Gut. 2006 Oct;55(10):1461-616638790
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2006 Nov 9;355(19):1991-200217093250
Cites: J Intern Med. 2006 Dec;260(6):551-917116006
Cites: Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2007 Jan;4(1):34-4117180148
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:25-3014660244
PubMed ID
22686621 View in PubMed
Less detail

Dairy intake revisited - associations between dairy intake and lifestyle related cardio-metabolic risk factors in a high milk consuming population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300924
Source
Nutr J. 2018 11 22; 17(1):110
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
11-22-2018
Author
Ingegerd Johansson
Lena Maria Nilsson
Anders Esberg
Jan-Håkan Jansson
Anna Winkvist
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutritional Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. ingegerd.johansson@umu.se.
Source
Nutr J. 2018 11 22; 17(1):110
Date
11-22-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Animals
Blood glucose
Blood Pressure - physiology
Body mass index
Cholesterol - blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dairy Products
Diet - methods - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Life Style
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Milk - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sweden
Triglycerides - blood
Abstract
The association between milk and dairy intake and the incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, cancer and mortality has been evaluated in many studies, but these studies have had conflicting results with no clear conclusion on causal or confounding associations. The present study aims to further address this association by cross-sectional and longitudinal evaluation of the associations between exposure to various types of dairy products and metabolic risk markers among inhabitants in northern Sweden while taking other lifestyle factors into account.
Respondents in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme with complete and plausible diet data between 1991 and 2016 were included, yielding 124,934 observations from 90,512 unique subjects. For longitudinal analysis, 27,682 participants with a visit 8-12?years after the first visit were identified. All participants completed a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Metabolic risk markers, including body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, serum (S) cholesterol and triglycerides, and blood glucose, were measured. Participants were categorized into quintiles by intake of dairy products, and risk (odds ratios, OR) of undesirable levels of metabolic risk markers was assessed in multivariable logistic regression analyses. In longitudinal analyses, intake quintiles were related to desirable levels of metabolic risk markers at both visits or deterioration at follow-up using Cox regression analyses.
The OR of being classified with an undesirable BMI decreased with increasing quintiles of total dairy, cheese and butter intake but increased with increasing non-fermented milk intake. The OR of being classified with an undesirable S-cholesterol level increased with increasing intake of total dairy, butter and high fat (3%) non-fermented milk, whereas an undesirable S-triglyceride level was inversely associated with cheese and butter intake in women. In longitudinal analyses, increasing butter intake was associated with deterioration of S-cholesterol and blood glucose levels, whereas increasing cheese intake was associated with a lower risk of deterioration of S-triglycerides.
Confounding factors likely contribute to the demonstrated association between dairy intake and mortality, and other medical conditions and analyses should be stratified by dairy type.
PubMed ID
30466440 View in PubMed
Less detail