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Indicators of food and water security in an Arctic Health context--results from an international workshop discussion.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2013;72
Publication Type
Lena Maria Nilsson
James Berner
Alexey A Dudarev
Gert Mulvad
Jon Øyvind Odland
Alan Parkinson
Arja Rautio
Constantine Tikhonov
Birgitta Evengård
Author Affiliation
Arctic Research Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2013;72
Publication Type
Arctic Regions
Body Weight
Environmental monitoring
Food Safety
Food Supply - statistics & numerical data
Water Supply - statistics & numerical data
In August 2012, a literature search with the aim of describing indicators on food and water security in an Arctic health context was initialized in collaboration between the Arctic Human Health Expert Group, SDWG/AHHEG and the AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme within the Arctic Council) Human Health Assessment Group, AMAP/HHAG. In December 2012, workshop discussions were performed with representatives from both of these organizations, including 7 Arctic countries. The aim of this article is to describe the workshop discussions and the rational for the 12 indicators selected and the 9 rejected and to discuss the potential feasibility of these. Advantages and disadvantages of candidate indicators were listed. Informative value and costs for collecting were estimated separately on a 3-level scale: low, medium and high. Based on these reviews, the final selection of promoted and rejected indicators was performed and summarized in tables. Among 10 suggested indicators of food security, 6 were promoted: healthy weight, traditional food proportion in diet, monetary food costs, non-monetary food accessibility, food-borne diseases and food-related contaminants. Four were rejected: per-person dietary energy supply, food security modules, self-estimated food safety and healthy eating. Among 10 suggested indicators of water security, 6 were promoted: per-capita renewable water, accessibility of running water, waterborne diseases, drinking-water-related contaminants, authorized water quality assurance and water safety plans. Four were rejected: water consumption, types of water sources, periodic water shortages and household water costs.
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PubMed ID
23940840 View in PubMed
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