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Alcohol and drug use, smoking, and gambling among psychiatric outpatients: a 1-year prevalence study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114803
Source
Subst Abus. 2013;34(2):162-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Christina Nehlin
Leif Grönbladh
Anders Fredriksson
Lennart Jansson
Author Affiliation
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry Unit, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. christina.nehlin.gordh@neuro.uu
Source
Subst Abus. 2013;34(2):162-8
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry) - statistics & numerical data
Female
Gambling - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - complications
Middle Aged
Outpatients - psychology
Prevalence
Sex Characteristics
Smoking - epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Studies of alcohol habits in general psychiatric populations are scarce. The objective was to investigate alcohol and drug use, smoking, and gambling in a clinical sample of psychiatric outpatients. A further aim was to study age and gender differences in the rates of these habits.
Data were collected among psychiatric outpatients with mainly mood (47%) and anxiety (35%) disorders. A questionnaire package was distributed, including AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), DUDIT (Drug Use Disorders Identification Test), tobacco items, and gambling items. Two major drinking categories were formed: "Nonhazardous alcohol use" (NH) and "Alcohol use above hazardous levels" (AH).
In total, 2160 patients (65% females) responded to the questionnaire package. The AH rate was high among psychiatric outpatients (28.4%), particularly among young females (46.6%). Young female patients also reported a high prevalence of problematic drug use (13.8%). Problematic drug use, daily smoking, and problematic gambling were frequent. The unhealthy habits were linked to AH.
Alcohol and drug use, smoking, and gambling are all highly prevalent among psychiatric outpatients. Young females are in particular need of attention. Interventions should be tailored for co-occurring psychiatric disorders and applied within routine psychiatric care.
PubMed ID
23577911 View in PubMed
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