The authors revealed peculiarities of arterial hypertension in automobile drivers working in Far North and subjected to variety of occupational hazards, so this disease could be considered occupational entity. Facts show that work conditions of automobile drivers in Far North deteriorate course of arterial hypertension and increase importance of risk factors in its prevalence.
The paper gives an algorithm, a procedure for calculation of aircraft noise, and its spread modeling. The performed investigations have provided guidelines that will become the first Russian official guiding document for assessing a risk from aviation noise to human health.
The exposure of the combined occupational hazards on the workers of aluminum plants results in the development of the occupational chronic diseases of bronchopulmonary and bone systems and oncopathology. Pathogenetic mechanisms of the toxic exposure of fluorides on the body as well as molecular and cellular structures are presented.
The authors compared approaches to vibration safety regulations, presented by new Russian Federal governmental standards, international standards and rules from one hand, and by Russian Federal Sanitary Regulation documents from the other hand. Main directions to improve hygienic regulation of occupational vibration in new technical regulation system are determined.
The article covers work conditions and health state of medical professionals performing ultrasound investigations on modern medical diagnostic equipment. The authors suggest a guidelines project including complex of measures to prevent unfavorable influence of contact ultrasound on medical professionals.
Comparative analysis covered national and foreign criteria and methodic approaches to evaluation of hearing disorders due to noise exposure. Ways to improve these criteria and approaches are suggested, also in aim to harmonize them with the foreign ones.
The article covers data on occupational risk of occupationally mediated and occupational diseases, according to periodic medical examinations in 53251 workers of industrial enterprises in Arkhangelsk city. The authors justify a system of health risks management.
The analyses of Institute activity main directions are briefly presented as well as Institute role in preventive medicine development, occupational health and industrial ecology key problems solving, international collaboration development, and WHO Global Plan of Action on Workers' Health 2008-2017 realization in the Russian Federation.
Methodology of occupational risk management is outlined based on workers' health disorders forecast and causation (work-relatedness assessment). It originates from Labour Code of Russian Federation prescriptions and includes principles, methods and criteria of risk management and risk communication. The methodology is realized by means of bioinformational technologies as expert and analytical system in the form of interactive Web-based directory "occupational risk assessment" for practical use for occupational risk prevention.