Skip header and navigation

Refine By

36 records – page 1 of 4.

[An increased risk of death from ischemic heart disease in men with low blood concentrations of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222417
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(4):27-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
A M Kalinina
L V Chazova
N V Perova
L I Pavlova
V V Shchepkin
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(4):27-32
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cholesterol - blood
Cholesterol, LDL - blood
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow - epidemiology
Myocardial Infarction - blood - mortality
Myocardial Ischemia - blood - mortality
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
A number of epidemiological surveys have recently established that in populations with the lowest levels of total cholesterol (TC) and LDL cholesterol (LDLC) death rates grow due to both malignant and cardiovascular diseases. The results of a detailed study on multifactor prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) in an open population of Moscow males aged 40-59 to elucidate the relations between TC, HDL cholesterol, LDLC and CHD mortality demonstrated that low levels of TC are markers, but not a factor of CHD and sudden death risk in low-educated subjects free of CHD symptoms. When planning mass measures to primarily prevent CHD, subjects with low cholesterol levels should be given a special care as well as those with hypercholesterolemia.
PubMed ID
8059402 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Approaches to the secondary prevention of arterial hypertension among the population (data from a cooperative study on the multifactorial prevention of ischemic heart disease)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234832
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):54-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1987
Author
A M Shishova
L V Chazova
V V Shchepkin
S B Domarkene
Iu A Klumbene
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):54-9
Date
Sep-1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Blood pressure
Coronary Disease - prevention & control
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Lithuania
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Republic of Belarus
Risk factors
Urban Population
Abstract
A cooperative study has reviewed the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) among 40- to 59-year-old male residents of three cities (Moscow, Minsk and Kaunas) and the possibility of organizing a long-term outpatient treatment of newly-detected AH cases as well as the efficiency of the latter. Of 16,703 individuals screened, AH was detected in 27.9%. Evidence is obtained that preventive and therapeutic procedures for hypertensive patients are in need of an improvement. In a middle-aged population, moderate AH is prevalent (nearly 67.7%). Coronary risk factors, such as hyperlipoproteinemia and excessive body weight, were more frequent in AH patients, as compared to the general population, an argument in favor of the need for an improved combined approach to AM control in the population. Active combined treatment of the recognized cases over 5 years proved effective as it brought arterial blood pressure back to normal. Patient participation in the treatment and its contribution to treatment efficiency are reviewed.
PubMed ID
2961918 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Attitude of district physicians and the population toward measures regarding the prevention of ischemic heart disease].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239906
Source
Kardiologiia. 1984 Nov;24(11):63-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1984
Author
L V Chazova
V M Ivanov
L M Manukian
N A Patoka
L M Sats
Source
Kardiologiia. 1984 Nov;24(11):63-7
Date
Nov-1984
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
Catchment Area (Health)
Coronary Disease - prevention & control
Health Education - organization & administration
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - organization & administration
Middle Aged
Moscow
Patient compliance
Urban Population
Abstract
The experience of the work on multifactorial prophylaxis of coronary heart disease performed on the basis of an urban out-patient center among 40-59-year-old males points to an inadequate response of the population to the primary (57 % after the mailing of 4 invitations) and repeated annual (50-60% of those who have had the primary examination) prophylactic examinations. Over 4 years, 22 % of patients with coronary heart disease and 32 % of patients with arterial hypertension refused to come for out-patient examinations. The number of responses was greater among individuals with risk factors of coronary heart disease. Most therapists from out-patient clinics believe it necessary to carry out prophylactic measures and would like to have more time for this purpose. Yet, many of them doubt that the population will follow medical advice with regard to changing the life style. The population is poorly aware of the role of prophylactic examinations, the effect of nutrition and bad habits on the development of cardiovascular diseases.
PubMed ID
6521209 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Bicycle ergometry test results in persons with ischemic heart disease detected in mass screening].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242316
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(1):70-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
M B Balavadze
L V Chazova
S S Dobo
V L Gromov
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(1):70-4
Date
1983
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - physiopathology
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Moscow
Physical Endurance
Urban Population
Abstract
Bicycle ergometry in 40-59 year-old male patients with coronary heart disease, identified during mass prophylactic examination on the basis of epidemiological criteria, has shown that in patients with angina pectoris of effort and no myocardial infarction in history positive exercise tests are observed in 20,8% of cases, while in patients with painless CHD forms positive results are observed in 15.4% of cases. Positive exercise tests are the most often in patients with daily anginal attacks and in those with ST depression and flat negative T waves.
PubMed ID
6860481 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Chest pains detected on the basis of the WHO standard questionnaire and their prognostic significance].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature236019
Source
Ter Arkh. 1987;59(9):33-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1987
Author
L V Chazova
A M Shishova
O A Malkova
L I Pavlova
R F Mukhamedzhanova
Source
Ter Arkh. 1987;59(9):33-8
Date
1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Angina Pectoris - epidemiology
Chest Pain - epidemiology
Electrocardiography
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - methods
Middle Aged
Moscow
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology
Prognosis
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Urban Population
World Health Organization
Abstract
A WHO standard questionnaire for the detection of angina pectoris was used in examination of 6914 males aged 40 to 59. The character of the pain syndrome was correlated with risk factor (RF) levels, the prevalence of ECG-signs of ischemic changes, the incidence of cases of myocardial infarction (MI) during a 5-year follow-up period. Examinees with angina pectoris had the highest levels of systolic and diastolic AP, cholesterol, body mass, the highest frequency of lethal and nonlethal MI. Examinees with chest pains resulting from physical exercise but atypical of angina had higher levels of the main RF and ECG-signs of ischemic changes and higher rates (2-fold) of new cases of MI and its mortality as compared to persons without chest pains or with pains unrelated with physical exercise during a 5-year prospective study. This evidence suggests a necessity of a more detailed investigation of the latter group to reach the entire group of CHD patients.
PubMed ID
3424184 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Detection and treatment of arterial hypertension at a district polyclinic].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature248117
Source
Kardiologiia. 1978 Nov;18(11):90-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1978
Author
A M Shishova
L V Chazova
I S Glazunov
S P Oleinikov
O E Rutskaia
Source
Kardiologiia. 1978 Nov;18(11):90-5
Date
Nov-1978
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Blood Pressure - drug effects
Diastole - drug effects
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Risk
Systole - drug effects
Time Factors
Abstract
Arterial hypertension was revealed in 65 of 210 (30.9%) males 40 to 59 years of age living on the territory of one doctors' locality of a district out-patient clinic. Among patients with increased arterial pressure 32.3% received hypotensive treatment which proved effective in 10.7%. The results of six-month treatment of 30 patients are analyzed. The most significant decrease in diastolic arterial pressure was encountered in the group of persons who were given regular treatment.
PubMed ID
723147 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Development of methodical principles and approval of new forms of contact with school children (ages 12-13 years) in carrying out preventive measures (results of a pilot study)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242452
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(2):82-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
R F Mukhamedzhanova
E A Suslova
G V Gusev
L V Chazova
S S Dobo
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(2):82-8
Date
1983
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Blood pressure
Body Height
Body Weight
Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control
Child
Female
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Moscow
Physical Exertion
Pilot Projects
Play and Playthings
Preventive Medicine - methods
Risk
Sex Factors
Abstract
The results of the screening and 1-year follow-up of pupils from two Moscow schools of general education (Moscow secondary schools) are presented. The program on preventive measures was conducted by using the playing forms of contact and influence, at one of the above schools (experimental school). Most of the adolescents of the experimental school (mean 80%) participated in the preventive measures. By the completion of the program the number of the participants increased up to 94%. A reliably significant increase in the education level on the problems about the adverse effects of smoking and beneficial effects of regular nutrition in adolescents of the experimental school was observed. The analysis of the results of the screening and follow-up of schoolchildren aged 12-13 years enables us to conclude that it is necessary to work out new criteria for the assessment of preventive measures among adolescents.
PubMed ID
6639762 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Diabetes mellitus: its prevalence, relationship to the risk factors for IHD and prognostic importance (an epidemiological study)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213567
Source
Ter Arkh. 1996;68(1):15-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
L V Chazova
A M Kalinina
E V Markova
L I Pavlova
Source
Ter Arkh. 1996;68(1):15-8
Date
1996
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - mortality
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
Female
Glucose Tolerance Test - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow - epidemiology
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology - etiology
Prevalence
Prognosis
Risk factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Sample examination of the population aged 25-64 basing on the disease history, fasting blood glucose test, glucose tolerance test, WHO criteria, diabetes mellitus was found in 6% of males and 6.9% of females. Only 2.7% of males and 3.1% of females were aware of their disease. Glucose tolerance test discovered abnormal carbohydrate tolerance in 5.6% and 13.3% of male and female examinees, respectively. Thus, a total of 12.2% of males and 20.2% of females had various disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. Diabetes mellitus patients had often hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, hypertension, low 10-year survival.
PubMed ID
8644021 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Diagnosis of myocardial infarct with fatal outcome within the framework of multifactorial prevention of ischemic heart disease in Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226870
Source
Kardiologiia. 1991 Feb;31(2):59-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1991
Author
L I Pavlova
L V Chazova
A M Kalinina
V V Shchepkin
Source
Kardiologiia. 1991 Feb;31(2):59-61
Date
Feb-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcoholic Intoxication - diagnosis - mortality
Coronary Disease - prevention & control
Death Certificates
Diagnosis, Differential
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Myocardial Infarction - diagnosis - mortality
Abstract
The death diagnosis of myocardial infarction (including acute heart failure) was recorded and verified on the basis of standard criteria during a 5-year implementation of the Program on Multifactorial Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease among males aged 40-59 years. The analysis demonstrated that the hyperdiagnosis of acute heart failure as a death cause was observed in 29.0% of cases, death being due to acute alcohol intoxication in 43% of all the inconsistent diagnoses.
PubMed ID
2041295 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Differential diagnosis of arterial hypertension at a city polyclinic with mass population screening].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature243383
Source
Kardiologiia. 1982 Mar;22(3):66-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1982
Author
A M Shishova
L V Chazova
A A Kramer
I S Glazunov
O E Rutskaia
Source
Kardiologiia. 1982 Mar;22(3):66-9
Date
Mar-1982
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Diagnosis, Differential
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - prevention & control
Male
Mass Screening - methods
Middle Aged
Moscow
Urban Population
Abstract
The paper discusses the problems of differential diagnosis between varying types of arterial hypertension detected during mass screening of the population. Randomized examination was made in 45% of male population aged 40-59 years. Arterial hypertension was observed in 26.3% of the examinee; 24.5% showed a rise in the arterial pressure for the first time. The methods of investigation available at the city polyclinic allowed the authors to diagnose hypertension in 85.2% of the patients. The results of isotope renography included into the complex of the study enabled them to determine the indications for the method to be used in mass screening of the population for revealing arterial hypertension.
PubMed ID
7077905 View in PubMed
Less detail

36 records – page 1 of 4.