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Consequences of feminization of a profession: the case of Canadian pharmacy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219276
Source
Women Health. 1994;21(2-3):39-56
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
L J Muzzin
G P Brown
R W Hornosty
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Women Health. 1994;21(2-3):39-56
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Career Choice
Female
Humans
Male
Ownership - trends
Personnel Loyalty
Pharmacies - trends
Pharmacists - standards
Pharmacy - manpower - standards
Professional Competence
Sex Distribution
Women, Working
Abstract
Although the influx of women into formerly entirely male-dominated professions has attracted much commentary from members of these professions, little investigation of the consequences of rapid, large-scale feminization has been undertaken for particular professions. The results of a pilot study in Canadian pharmacy suggest that fears of shortages due to women working part-time while they raise their children, are unfounded. However, our survey results suggest that women are differentially drawn into pharmacies run by corporations rather than independent businesses. This may allow them to reorient pharmacy away from its business base and towards its chosen new professional jurisdiction of counselling. On the other hand, the demise of independent pharmacy, that traditionally attracted males, may bring with it less control by pharmacists over what they do in everyday practice. The possibility that similar processes are operating in other feminizing professions with entrepreneurial components, such as dentistry and optometry, should be investigated.
PubMed ID
8073786 View in PubMed
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Hospital and community pharmacists' attitudes towards clinical pharmacy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219671
Source
Can J Hosp Pharm. 1993 Dec;46(6):243-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993
Author
L J Muzzin
R W Hornosty
G P Brown
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto, Ontario.
Source
Can J Hosp Pharm. 1993 Dec;46(6):243-8
Date
Dec-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Community Pharmacy Services - manpower - statistics & numerical data
Counseling - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Ontario
Pharmacists - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Pharmacy Service, Hospital - manpower - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Referral and Consultation - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
This longitudinal study compared the attitudes of the Class of 1983 at the University of Toronto toward clinical pharmacy seven years after graduation with those they expressed at the point of graduation in 1983. Over three quarters of the original class responded by indicating agreement or disagreement with statements (on a 5-point scale) about clinical pharmacy in 1983 and 1989. While there was little difference between those who became hospital pharmacists versus those who became community pharmacists at the point of graduation, seven years later, the hospital pharmacists were significantly more favourable than their colleagues toward drug consulting aspects of clinical pharmacy. The community pharmacists were significantly more favourable than their colleagues toward patient counselling aspects of clinical pharmacy. It is concluded that the work setting has influenced these different preferences for how the ideal of clinical pharmacy is interpreted. We offer a possible explanation for the consistently positive, if divergent, orientations towards the ideal of clinical pharmacy.
PubMed ID
10131342 View in PubMed
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Workload, data gathering, and quality of community pharmacists' advice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216344
Source
Med Care. 1995 Jan;33(1):29-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1995
Author
D J Willison
L J Muzzin
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
Source
Med Care. 1995 Jan;33(1):29-40
Date
Jan-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community Pharmacy Services - standards
Counseling - standards
Data Collection
Female
Humans
Male
Ontario
Patient Education as Topic - standards
Pharmacists - statistics & numerical data
Random Allocation
Regression Analysis
Workload
PubMed ID
7823645 View in PubMed
Less detail