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Children of divorce in a Scandinavian welfare state: are they less affected than US children?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29240
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2006 Feb;47(1):61-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Kyrre Breivik
Dan Olweus
Author Affiliation
Research Center for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Norway.
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2006 Feb;47(1):61-74
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Child
Child Psychology
Comparative Study
Divorce - psychology
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Norway
Psychosocial Deprivation
Public Assistance
Public Policy
Risk
Single-Parent Family - psychology
Social Adjustment
United States
Abstract
A fairly common view holds that children's risks of negative outcomes associated with family dissolution are generally small or even nonexistent in Scandinavia, and clearly smaller than what is usually found in the United States. This view was empirically examined in a recent large-scale study of 4,127 12-15-year-old children in Norway, of whom 623 had experienced parental divorce and lived in a single-mother family. The somewhat paradoxical pattern of findings was as follows: (a) The negative associations between parental divorce and various outcomes were found to be generally very similar in Norway and the United States in spite of the great differences in family policy and welfare benefits for single mothers (at the macro level); and (b) Mediational effects of family economic resources were in both countries most marked for the academic achievement area, and the predictive power of such variables was quite similar, again in spite of the great differences in absolute level of the economic resources available to single-mother families in the two countries. The results cast some doubt on the value of the absolute economic deprivation perspective in explaining the results, and the many Norwegian welfare benefits do not seem to mitigate the association between divorce and negative outcomes for the children involved. Also policy implications derived from the economic deprivation perspective are questioned. Alternative interpretations of the findings involving relative deprivation and economic resources as a partial proxy for other non-economic factors are briefly discussed.
PubMed ID
16433663 View in PubMed
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Growth Trajectories of Health Behaviors from Adolescence through Young Adulthood.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273688
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Nov;12(11):13711-29
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2015
Author
Nora Wiium
Kyrre Breivik
Bente Wold
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Nov;12(11):13711-29
Date
Nov-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Development
Adult
Alcoholic Intoxication - epidemiology
Diet - statistics & numerical data
European Continental Ancestry Group
Exercise
Fathers
Female
Fruit
Health Behavior
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Mothers
Norway - epidemiology
Risk factors
Sedentary lifestyle
Smoking - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Based on nine waves of data collected during a period of 17 years (1990-2007), the present study explored different developmental trajectories of the following unhealthy behaviors: regular smoking, lack of regular exercise, lack of daily fruit intake, and drunkenness. A baseline sample of 1195 13-year-old pupils was from 22 randomly selected schools in the Hordaland County in western Norway. Latent class growth analysis revealed three developmental trajectories. The first trajectory was a conventional trajectory, comprising 36.3% of participants, who showed changes in smoking, physical exercise, fruit intake, and drunkenness consistent with the prevailing age specific norms of these behaviors in the Norwegian society at the time. The second trajectory was a passive trajectory, comprising 25.5% of participants, who reported low levels of both healthy and unhealthy behaviors during the 17-year period. The third trajectory was an unhealthy trajectory, comprising 38.2% of participants, who had high levels of unhealthy behaviors over time. Several covariates were examined, but only sex and mother's and father's educational levels were found to be significantly associated with the identified trajectories. While these findings need to be replicated in future studies, the identification of the different trajectories suggests the need to tailor intervention according to specific needs.
Notes
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PubMed ID
26516889 View in PubMed
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The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): Factor Structure and Gender Equivalence in Norwegian Adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature281568
Source
PLoS One. 2016;11(5):e0152202
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Tormod Bøe
Mari Hysing
Jens Christoffer Skogen
Kyrre Breivik
Source
PLoS One. 2016;11(5):e0152202
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
Although frequently used with older adolescents, few studies of the factor structure, internal consistency and gender equivalence of the SDQ exists for this age group, with inconsistent findings. In the present study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the five-factor structure of the SDQ in a population sample of 10,254 16-18 year-olds from the youth@hordaland study. Measurement invariance across gender was assessed using multigroup CFA. A modestly modified five-factor solution fitted the data acceptably, accounting for one cross loading and some local dependencies. Importantly, partial measurement non-invariance was identified, with differential item functioning in eight items, and higher correlations between emotional and conduct problems for boys compared to girls. Implications for use clinically and in research are discussed.
Notes
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PubMed ID
27138259 View in PubMed
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Validation of the Norwegian version ofHannover Functional Ability Questionnaire.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143257
Source
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 15;35(14):E646-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-15-2010
Author
Liv Heide Magnussen
Hildegunn Lygren
Bodil Anderson
Kyrre Breivik
Liv Inger Strand
Author Affiliation
Uni Health, Bergen, Norway. liv.magnussen@uni.no
Source
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 15;35(14):E646-53
Date
Jun-15-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Low Back Pain - diagnosis
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Prospective Studies
Psychometrics - methods
Quality of Life
Questionnaires - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Young Adult
Abstract
Cross-sectional and longitudinal designs within a prospective cohort study.
Translation of Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire (FFbH-R) into Norwegian and examination of its factor structure, internal consistency, reproducibility, construct validity, and responsiveness in patients with long-lasting back pain.
Several condition-specific instruments have been developed to evaluate functional status in low back pain, but FFbH-R was the only instrument found to solely measure perceived capability of performing daily activities.
Recommended guidelines for translation of questionnaires and quality criteria for validation were followed. A total of 111 patients (aged 18-65 years) with long-lasting back pain were consecutively recruited from an outpatient spine clinic. Two additional samples of patients with long-lasting back pain were added into the exploratory factor analysis, giving a total number of 224 patients. Predefined hypotheses regarding construct and longitudinal validity (responsiveness) were examined.
Factor analysis indicated that 2 items should be removed, resulting in a 3-factor solution as the best fit. The factors were related to flexibility, dynamic strength, and posture endurance. Satisfactory internal consistency and reproducibility were demonstrated for the total and subscales of the Norwegian version of FFbH-R. Most of the predefined hypothesis regarding construct and longitudinal validity were confirmed, and discriminate ability was shown. Minor floor and ceiling effects were demonstrated.
Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of FFbH-R were satisfactory in patients with long-lasting back pain, but the dynamic strength and posture endurance subscales might be complemented with additional items.
PubMed ID
20505564 View in PubMed
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The factor structure of ADHD in a general population of primary school children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature125141
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Sep;53(9):927-36
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2012
Author
Anne Karin Ullebø
Kyrre Breivik
Christopher Gillberg
Astri J Lundervold
Maj-Britt Posserud
Author Affiliation
Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Uni Health, Uni Research, Bergen, Norway.
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Sep;53(9):927-36
Date
Sep-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - classification - diagnosis
Child
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Health Surveys
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales - standards
Psychometrics - instrumentation
Questionnaires - standards
Schools
Abstract
To examine whether a bifactor model with a general ADHD factor and domain specific factors of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity was supported in a large general population sample of children. We also explored the utility of forming subscales based on the domain-specific factors.
Child mental health questionnaires were completed by both teachers and parents of all children in grades 2-4 in Bergen, Norway. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the ADHD items of a modified version of the Swanson, Nolan and Pelham Questionnaire-IV (SNAP-IV) for 6,237 children.
The bifactor model showed very good model fit with a strong general ADHD factor and specific factors for impulsivity and inattention. The subfactors, especially hyperactivity, generated from the SNAP-IV ADHD items conveyed little unique variance in the model.
The findings in this general population sample with a strong general ADHD factor in the bifactor model supports the view on ADHD as a unitary concept with specific domain factors for inattention and impulsivity, but not for hyperactivity. The bifactor model questions the utility of constructing ADHD subscales by the use of a simple sum score when using the SNAP-IV.
PubMed ID
22512532 View in PubMed
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The Trunk Impairment Scale - modified to ordinal scales in the Norwegian version.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature128542
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(16):1385-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Bente Gjelsvik
Kyrre Breivik
Geert Verheyden
Tori Smedal
Håkon Hofstad
Liv Inger Strand
Author Affiliation
Department of Physiotherapy, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. bente.elisabeth.bassoe.gjelsvik@helse-bergen.no
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(16):1385-95
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disability Evaluation
Humans
Language
Motor Skills Disorders - diagnosis - etiology
Movement
Norway
Postural Balance
Psychometrics
Questionnaires - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and specificity
Stroke - complications - rehabilitation
Translating
Abstract
To translate the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), a measure of trunk control in patients after stroke, into Norwegian (TIS-NV), and to explore its construct validity, internal consistency, intertester and test-retest reliability.
TIS was translated according to international guidelines. The validity study was performed on data from 201 patients with acute stroke. Fifty patients with stroke and acquired brain injury were recruited to examine intertester and test-retest reliability. Construct validity was analyzed with exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory, internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha test, and intertester and test-retest reliability with kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient tests.
The back-translated version of TIS-NV was validated by the original developer. The subscale Static sitting balance was removed. By combining items from the subscales Dynamic sitting balance and Coordination, six ordinal superitems (testlets) were constructed. The TIS-NV was renamed the modified TIS-NV (TIS-modNV). After modifications the TIS-modNV fitted well to a locally dependent unidimensional item response theory model. It demonstrated good construct validity, excellent internal consistency, and high intertester and test-retest reliability for the total score.
This study supports that the TIS-modNV is a valid and reliable scale for use in clinical practice and research.
PubMed ID
22191850 View in PubMed
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Subjective health complaints, functional ability, fear avoidance beliefs, and days on sickness benefits after work rehabilitation - a mediation model.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature287561
Source
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 05 23;17:225
Publication Type
Article
Date
05-23-2016
Author
Irene Øyeflaten
Jon Opsahl
Hege R Eriksen
Tore Norendal Braathen
Stein Atle Lie
Søren Brage
Camilla M Ihlebæk
Kyrre Breivik
Source
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 05 23;17:225
Date
05-23-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Avoidance Learning
Cognitive Remediation
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Fear
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology - rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Diseases - psychology - rehabilitation
Norway
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Rehabilitation, Vocational - methods
Return to work
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
Long-term sick leave and withdrawal from working life is a concern in western countries. In Norway, comprehensive inpatient work rehabilitation may be offered to sick listed individuals at risk of long-term absence from work. Knowledge about prognostic factors for work outcomes after long-term sick leave and work rehabilitation is still limited. The aim of this study was to test a mediation model for various hypothesized biopsychosocial predictors of continued sick leave after inpatient work rehabilitation.
One thousand one hundred fifty-five participants on long-term sick leave from eight different work rehabilitation clinics answered comprehensive questionnaires at arrival to the clinic, and were followed with official register data on sickness benefits for 3?years. Structural equation models were conducted, with days on sickness benefits after work rehabilitation as the outcome.
Fear avoidance beliefs for work mediated the relation between both musculoskeletal complaints and education on days on sickness benefits after work rehabilitation. The relation between musculoskeletal complaints and fear avoidance beliefs for work was furthermore fully mediated by poor physical function. Previous sick leave had a strong independent effect on continued sick leave after work rehabilitation. Fear avoidance beliefs for work did not mediate the small effect of pseudoneurological complaints on continued sick leave. Poor coping/interaction ability was neither related to continued sick leave nor fear avoidance beliefs for work.
The mediation model was partly supported by the data, and provides some possible new insight into how fear avoidance beliefs for work and functional ability may intervene with subjective health complaints and days on sickness benefits after work rehabilitation.
Notes
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PubMed ID
27215825 View in PubMed
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Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire in high-risk groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113906
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2013 Aug;54(4):286-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2013
Author
Anders Dovran
Dagfinn Winje
Simon N Overland
Kyrre Breivik
Kjersti Arefjord
Anita S Dalsbø
Mette B Jentoft
Anita L Hansen
Leif Waage
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Christiesgt 12, 50150 Bergen, Norway. anders.dovran@psykp.uib.no
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2013 Aug;54(4):286-91
Date
Aug-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Adult Survivors of Child Abuse - psychology
Child Abuse - diagnosis - psychology
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - psychology
Abstract
The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire--Short Form (CTQ-SF) is widely used to measure childhood abuse of all types. In the present study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the instrument. The participants constituted four subsamples (n = 517): substance abusers (n = 126), psychiatric patients (n = 210), prisoners (n = 109) and adolescents in out-of-home placements (n = 72). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a reasonable fit of the data to the original five-factor structure of the CTQ-SF. Measurement invariance was found across gender and the four subsamples. It was concluded that the Norwegian version of the CTQ-SF has acceptable psychometric properties, with good reliability and satisfactory accuracy, to assess different dimensions of childhood trauma.
PubMed ID
23672336 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.