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Assessment of the decision support needs of women from HIV endemic countries regarding voluntary HIV testing in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168113
Source
Patient Educ Couns. 2006 Nov;63(3):292-300
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Debjani Mitra
M J Jacobsen
Annette O'Connor
Kevin Pottie
Peter Tugwell
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology, University of Ottawa, Roger Guindon, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada. dmitra@cheo.on.ca
Source
Patient Educ Couns. 2006 Nov;63(3):292-300
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
AIDS Serodiagnosis
Adult
Canada
Conflict (Psychology)
Counseling
Decision Making
Emigration and Immigration
Female
HIV Infections - prevention & control - transmission
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical - prevention & control
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Needs Assessment
Refugees
Abstract
To describe the decision support needs of immigrant and refugee women from HIV endemic countries regarding decision-making about voluntary counseling and testing for HIV (VCT) in Canada; and the needs of practitioners who support these women in making this decision, in a culturally appropriate manner.
Adapted, semi-structured questionnaires, based on the Ottawa Decision Support Framework (ODSF), were used to interview practitioners and patients. Practitioners from diverse backgrounds were purposefully selected from centers providing VCT in Ottawa. Adult, English-speaking immigrant and refugee women from HIV endemic countries were recruited from a clinic specializing in immigrant health services. Responses were tabulated using descriptive statistics, and emerging themes coded to identify unique factors affecting decision-making.
Analysis revealed differences between practitioner and patient perceptions of the decision-making needs of women from HIV endemic countries regarding VCT. Practitioners identified women's lack of knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention as a primary need, while patients identified inadequate awareness of HIV screening and treatment services, and their benefits and harms. Patients also perceived that women would not be aware of the various VCT options, while few practitioners highlighted this concern. Both groups held similar viewpoints about counseling strategies that could improve decision-making.
Women were unaware of the options available to them for VCT. Both practitioners and patients highlighted the issue of stigma and negative outcomes associated with testing that created barriers or contributed to delays in women receiving testing. Women preferred anonymous testing, and recommended that information and decision support regarding HIV testing be provided via non-targeted strategies, and integrated within general health services or public education.
Decision support in the context of VCT can improve decision quality, empowering patients to make informed decisions based on personal values. Study findings can inform the development of clinical guidelines for the routine offering of VCT.
PubMed ID
16876376 View in PubMed
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Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care: we're back!

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127760
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2012 Jan;58(1):13-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2012
Author
Richard Birtwhistle
Kevin Pottie
Elizabeth Shaw
James A Dickinson
Paula Brauer
Martin Fortin
Neil Bell
Harminder Singh
Marcello Tonelli
Sarah Connor Gorber
Gabriela Lewin
Michel Joffres
Patricia Parkin
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont, Canada. birtwhis@queensu.ca
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2012 Jan;58(1):13-5
Date
Jan-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Advisory Committees
Canada
Family Practice - standards
Humans
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Preventive Health Services - organization & administration
Notes
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PubMed ID
22267610 View in PubMed
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Case report: adverse drug reactions in unrecognized kidney failure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature177592
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2004 Oct;50:1385-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2004
Author
Barbara Farrell
Kevin Pottie
William Hogg
Author Affiliation
Geriatric Day Hospital, SCO Health Service, Ottawa, Ont. bfarrell@scohs.on.ca
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2004 Oct;50:1385-7
Date
Oct-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Canada
Creatinine - blood
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Female
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood - diagnosis
Pharmaceutical Preparations - administration & dosage
Pharmacists
Notes
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PubMed ID
15526875 View in PubMed
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Cervical cancer screening among HIV-positive women. Retrospective cohort study from a tertiary care HIV clinic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136490
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2010 Dec;56(12):e425-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2010
Author
Pamela Leece
Claire Kendall
Claire Touchie
Kevin Pottie
Jonathan B Angel
James Jaffey
Author Affiliation
Community Medicine Programme at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada.
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2010 Dec;56(12):e425-31
Date
Dec-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Early Detection of Cancer - utilization
Female
HIV Seropositivity
Humans
Middle Aged
Ontario
Primary Health Care
Retrospective Studies
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - diagnosis
Vaginal Smears - utilization
Viral Load
Abstract
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of cervical screening among HIV-positive women who received care at a tertiary care clinic, and to determine whether screening rates were influenced by having a primary care provider.DESIGN Retrospective chart review.SETTING Tertiary care outpatient clinic in Ottawa, Ont. PARTICIPANTS Women who were HIV-positive receiving care at the Ottawa Hospital General Campus Immuno deficiency Clinic between July 1, 2002, and June 30, 2005.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Whether patients had primary care providers and whether they received cervical screening. We recorded information on patient demographics, HIV status, primary care providers, and cervical screening, including date, results, and type of health care provider ordering the screening.RESULTS Fifty-eight percent (126 of 218) of the women had at least 1 cervical screening test during the 3-year period. Thirty-three percent (42 of 126) of the women who underwent cervical screening had at least 1 abnormal test result. The proportion of women who did not have any cervical tests performed was higher among women who did not have primary care providers (8 of 12 [67%] vs 84 of 206 [41%]; relative risk 1.6, 95%confidence interval 1.06 to 2.52, P
Notes
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PubMed ID
21375064 View in PubMed
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Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142408
Source
CMAJ. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E959-67
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-6-2011
Author
Laurence J Kirmayer
Lavanya Narasiah
Marie Munoz
Meb Rashid
Andrew G Ryder
Jaswant Guzder
Ghayda Hassan
Cécile Rousseau
Kevin Pottie
Author Affiliation
Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montréal, Que. laurence.kirmayer@mcgill.ca
Source
CMAJ. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E959-67
Date
Sep-6-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada - epidemiology
Cultural Characteristics
Emigrants and Immigrants
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Language
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Prevalence
Primary Health Care
Refugees
Risk factors
Abstract
Recognizing and appropriately treating mental health problems among new immigrants and refugees in primary care poses a challenge because of differences in language and culture and because of specific stressors associated with migration and resettlement. We aimed to identify risk factors and strategies in the approach to mental health assessment and to prevention and treatment of common mental health problems for immigrants in primary care.
We searched and compiled literature on prevalence and risk factors for common mental health problems related to migration, the effect of cultural influences on health and illness, and clinical strategies to improve mental health care for immigrants and refugees. Publications were selected on the basis of relevance, use of recent data and quality in consultation with experts in immigrant and refugee mental health.
The migration trajectory can be divided into three components: premigration, migration and postmigration resettlement. Each phase is associated with specific risks and exposures. The prevalence of specific types of mental health problems is influenced by the nature of the migration experience, in terms of adversity experienced before, during and after resettlement. Specific challenges in migrant mental health include communication difficulties because of language and cultural differences; the effect of cultural shaping of symptoms and illness behaviour on diagnosis, coping and treatment; differences in family structure and process affecting adaptation, acculturation and intergenerational conflict; and aspects of acceptance by the receiving society that affect employment, social status and integration. These issues can be addressed through specific inquiry, the use of trained interpreters and culture brokers, meetings with families, and consultation with community organizations.
Systematic inquiry into patients' migration trajectory and subsequent follow-up on culturally appropriate indicators of social, vocational and family functioning over time will allow clinicians to recognize problems in adaptation and undertake mental health promotion, disease prevention or treatment interventions in a timely way.
Notes
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PubMed ID
20603342 View in PubMed
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Degrees of engagement: Family physicians and global health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160351
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2007 Nov;53(11):1853-7, 1866-70
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2007
Author
Kevin Pottie
Lynda Redwood-Campbell
Katherine Rouleau
Véronic Ouellette
Francine Lemire
Author Affiliation
University of Ottawa, 75 Bruyère St, Ottawa, ON. kpottie@uottawa.ca
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2007 Nov;53(11):1853-7, 1866-70
Date
Nov-2007
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Canada
Female
Humans
Male
Needs Assessment
Physician's Role
Physicians, Family - ethics - statistics & numerical data
World Health
Notes
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PubMed ID
18000243 View in PubMed
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Delivery of primary health care to persons who are socio-economically disadvantaged: does the organizational delivery model matter?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature105596
Source
BMC Health Serv Res. 2013;13:517
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Simone Dahrouge
William Hogg
Natalie Ward
Meltem Tuna
Rose Anne Devlin
Elizabeth Kristjansson
Peter Tugwell
Kevin Pottie
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. sdahrouge@bruyere.org.
Source
BMC Health Serv Res. 2013;13:517
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health promotion
Health status
Healthcare Disparities
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, organizational
Ontario
Poverty
Primary Health Care - methods - statistics & numerical data - utilization
Quality of Health Care
Socioeconomic Factors
Vulnerable Populations
Abstract
As health systems evolve, it is essential to evaluate their impact on the delivery of health services to socially disadvantaged populations. We evaluated the delivery of primary health services for different socio-economic groups and assessed the performance of different organizational models in terms of equality of health care delivery in Ontario, Canada.
Cross sectional study of 5,361 patients receiving care from primary care practices using Capitation, Salaried or Fee-For-Service remuneration models. We assessed self-reported health status of patients, visit duration, number of visits per year, quality of health service delivery, and quality of health promotion. We used multi-level regressions to study service delivery across socio-economic groups and within each delivery model. Identified disparities were further analysed using a t-test to determine the impact of service delivery model on equity.
Low income individuals were more likely to be women, unemployed, recent immigrants, and in poorer health. These individuals were overrepresented in the Salaried model, reported more visits/year across all models, and tended to report longer visits in the Salaried model. Measures of primary care services generally did not differ significantly between low and higher income/education individuals; when they did, the difference favoured better service delivery for at-risk groups. At-risk patients in the Salaried model were somewhat more likely to report health promotion activities than patients from Capitation and Fee-For-Service models. At-risk patients from Capitation models reported a smaller increase in the number of additional clinic visits/year than Fee-For-Service and Salaried models. At-risk patients reported better first contact accessibility than their non-at-risk counterparts in the Fee-For-Service model only.
Primary care service measures did not differ significantly across socio-economic status or primary care delivery models. In Ontario, capitation-based remuneration is age and sex adjusted only. Patients of low socio-economic status had fewer additional visits compared to those with high socio-economic status under the Capitation model. This raises the concern that Capitation may not support the provision of additional care for more vulnerable groups. Regions undertaking primary care model reforms need to consider the potential impact of the changes on the more vulnerable populations.
Notes
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PubMed ID
24341530 View in PubMed
Less detail

Estimating benefits and harms of screening across subgroups: the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care integrates the GRADE approach and overcomes minor challenges.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120506
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Dec;65(12):1245-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2012
Author
Kevin Pottie
Sarah Connor Gorber
Harminder Singh
Michel Joffres
Patrice Lindsay
Paula Brauer
Alejandra Jaramillo
Marcello Tonelli
Author Affiliation
Departments of Family Medicine and Epidemiology and Community Medicine, CT Lamont Primary Health Care Research Centre, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. kpottie@uottawa.ca
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Dec;65(12):1245-8
Date
Dec-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Advisory Committees
Canada
Evidence-Based Medicine
Humans
Mass Screening - organization & administration
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Preventive Health Services - organization & administration
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Abstract
This paper describes the integration of the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach into their clinical preventive guideline development process by the new Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care.
The GRADE approach focused the analytic framework and key questions on patient-important benefits and harms related to screening that incorporated detection, treatment, and follow-up. It also led to an explicit consideration of values and preferences and resource implications on the basis of the recommendations.
There are challenges, however, in incorporating the GRADE approach to clinical prevention, as the randomized controlled trials in this field have needed to be very large and of long duration, given the rare occurrence of primary outcome events in asymptomatic individuals. We provide examples of how we met these challenges in relation to developing clinical guidelines for screening for breast cancer, cervical cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and depression in primary care settings.
The focus on the patient-important outcomes was helpful in estimating effectiveness of screening approaches and providing explicit detailing of the basis of our recommendations across subgroups.
Notes
Comment In: J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Dec;65(12):1243-422981248
PubMed ID
22995856 View in PubMed
Less detail

Evidence-based clinical guidelines for immigrants and refugees.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143020
Source
CMAJ. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E824-925
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-6-2011
Author
Kevin Pottie
Christina Greenaway
John Feightner
Vivian Welch
Helena Swinkels
Meb Rashid
Lavanya Narasiah
Laurence J Kirmayer
Erin Ueffing
Noni E MacDonald
Ghayda Hassan
Mary McNally
Kamran Khan
Ralf Buhrmann
Sheila Dunn
Arunmozhi Dominic
Anne E McCarthy
Anita J Gagnon
Cécile Rousseau
Peter Tugwell
Author Affiliation
kpottie@uottawa.ca
Source
CMAJ. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E824-925
Date
Sep-6-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Cultural Characteristics
Emigrants and Immigrants
Evidence-Based Medicine
Female
Health services needs and demand
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - standards
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Refugees
Risk factors
Notes
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Comment In: CMAJ. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E926-720530162
PubMed ID
20530168 View in PubMed
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From ABCs to GRADE: Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care's new rating system for clinical practice guidelines.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256911
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2013 Dec;59(12):1282-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2013
Author
Neil Bell
Sarah Connor Gorber
Marcello Tonelli
Kevin Pottie
Harminder Singh
Michel Joffres
Elizabeth Shaw
Author Affiliation
Public Health Agency of Canada, 785 Carling Ave, 514B4, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9. sarah.connorgorber@phac-aspc.gc.ca.
Source
Can Fam Physician. 2013 Dec;59(12):1282-9
Date
Dec-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Advisory Committees
Canada
Decision Making
Evidence-Based Medicine
Family Practice - standards
Humans
Patient Participation
Physician-Patient Relations
Practice Guidelines as Topic - standards
Primary Health Care - standards
Notes
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PubMed ID
24336539 View in PubMed
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25 records – page 1 of 3.