Authors studied the influence of availability of beer on mortality from alcoholic poisonings, diseases of a liver and incidence of alcoholic psychoses in Russia during 1995-2011. Time series analysis was performed using the method of ARIMA. There were no significant associations between the availability of beer and levels of mortality and morbidity.
Alcohol has several social consequences that are associated with increased risk of tuberculosis. However, there have been no studies assessing the links between tuberculosis and alcohol consumption in northwest Russia. The aim of this study was to assess associations between the incidence of tuberculosis and indicators of alcohol consumption in three regions of northwest Russia.
The study was performed in Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and Vologda regions using the data from 1975 to 2009. Deaths from alcohol poisoning and the incidence of alcohol psychoses were used as indicators of alcohol consumption. Associations between the incidence of tuberculosis and the above mentioned indicators were studied using time-series analysis.
We identified significant positive associations between the incidence of tuberculosis and the incidence of alcohol psychoses in the same year in Arkhangelsk region (ß = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.10-0.37) and in Vologda region (ß = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.10-0.25), but not in Murmansk region.
We found an association between the incidence of alcohol psychoses and the incidence of tuberculosis in the same year in Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions suggesting an indirect link between excessive levels of alcohol consumption and the incidence of tuberculosis in Russia.
Cites: Lancet. 2001 Mar 24;357(9260):917-2111289348
Cites: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Jul;16(7):886-9022583556
The qualitative evaluation of suicide mortality of population of the Murmansk oblast was made concerning the age group of 15 year and older and related to alcohol consumption during 1975-2010. The technique of ARIMA was applied to analyze time-series. It is established that the alcohol consumption is related to 33.4% of overall suicide mortality, to 29.4% of female mortality and 23.3% of male mortality. The possibility of existence of the northern gradient of suicide mortality conditioned by alcohol consumption among female population is demonstrated. The stronger relationships between alcohol consumption and suicides are established in female population as compared with male population.