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Associations between ward atmosphere, patient satisfaction and outcome.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature152106
Source
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2009 Mar;16(2):113-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2009
Author
K N Jörgensen
V. Römma
T. Rundmo
Author Affiliation
Clinical Psychologist Blefjell Hospital HF, Seljord, Norway.
Source
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2009 Mar;16(2):113-20
Date
Mar-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Inpatients - psychology
Norway
Patient Admission - standards
Patient satisfaction
Patients' Rooms - standards
Perception
Personnel, Hospital
Professional-Patient Relations
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Questionnaires
Social Environment
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Previous studies have found important associations between the ward atmosphere and patient satisfaction. However, fewer studies have examined the relationship between ward atmosphere and outcome of treatment. The aim of the study was to examine whether or not differences in ward atmosphere were associated with differences in satisfaction and outcome. Eighty patients at three different ward units responded to a questionnaire at admission and by the time of discharge from the hospital. The questionnaire comprised the ward atmosphere scale, a five-item index of patient satisfaction, the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, an index of life satisfaction and the symptom checklist SCL-90R. The results showed that differences in the treatment environment between the ward units were associated with differences in patient satisfaction. There was mixed evidence for associations between ward atmosphere and outcome, while no associations were found between ward atmosphere and self-efficacy and life satisfaction. The results may suggest that the relationship between ward atmosphere and outcomes of treatment may be of a more indirect character than the relationship between ward atmosphere and satisfaction.
PubMed ID
19281541 View in PubMed
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No progressive brain changes during a 1-year follow-up of patients with first-episode psychosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276617
Source
Psychol Med. 2016 Feb;46(3):589-98
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
U K Haukvik
C B Hartberg
S. Nerland
K N Jørgensen
E H Lange
C. Simonsen
R. Nesvåg
A M Dale
O A Andreassen
I. Melle
I. Agartz
Source
Psychol Med. 2016 Feb;46(3):589-98
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Bipolar Disorder - drug therapy - pathology
Case-Control Studies
Cerebral Cortex - pathology
Disease Progression
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - pathology
Schizophrenia - drug therapy - pathology
Young Adult
Abstract
First-episode psychosis (FEP) patients show structural brain abnormalities. Whether the changes are progressive or not remain under debate, and the results from longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies are mixed. We investigated if FEP patients showed a different pattern of regional brain structural change over a 1-year period compared with healthy controls, and if putative changes correlated with clinical characteristics and outcome.
MRIs of 79 FEP patients [SCID-I-verified diagnoses: schizophrenia, psychotic bipolar disorder, or other psychoses, mean age 27.6 (s.d. = 7.7) years, 66% male] and 82 healthy controls [age 29.3 (s.d. = 7.2) years, 66% male] were acquired from the same 1.5 T scanner at baseline and 1-year follow-up as part of the Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) study, Oslo, Norway. Scans were automatically processed with the longitudinal stream in FreeSurfer that creates an unbiased within-subject template image. General linear models were used to analyse longitudinal change in a wide range of subcortical volumes and detailed thickness and surface area estimates across the entire cortex, and associations with clinical characteristics.
FEP patients and controls did not differ significantly in annual percentage change in cortical thickness or area in any cortical region, or in any of the subcortical structures after adjustment for multiple comparisons. Within the FEP group, duration of untreated psychosis, age at illness onset, antipsychotic medication use and remission at follow-up were not related to longitudinal brain change.
We found no significant longitudinal brain changes over a 1-year period in FEP patients. Our results do not support early progressive brain changes in psychotic disorders.
PubMed ID
26526001 View in PubMed
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