Epidemiological information on patients with acute coronary syndromes managed in specialized cardiac centres is limited.
To report the evolution of demographics, treatment and outcome of patients admitted to a tertiary coronary care unit (CCU) over a 17-year period.
A prospective database of 18,719 patients admitted from April 1986 to March 2003 in a 21-bed CCU was analyzed.
From 1986 to 2003, the number of admissions increased from 937 to 1577 per year, while the length of stay declined from 7.5 to 3.5 days. The mean age increased from 58.4 to 63.4 years, and the proportion of men remained stable at approximately 70%. The use of coronary angiograms increased from 49.8% to 81.1% in all patients, while fibrinolysis dropped to 0.4%. In-hospital mortality decreased from 9% to 1.5%. The percentage of overall instrumentation (arterial line, central venous catheter, temporary pacemaker, Swan-Ganz catheter and intra-aortic balloon pump) decreased from 38% to 8.1%. From 1995 to 2003, the proportion of stenting during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty increased dramatically from 0% to 86%. In the past five years, surgical revascularization has remained stable at approximately 20% of all admissions. The proportion of patients discharged with a noncoronary chest pain diagnosis has remained constant at approximately 4%.
There has been a tremendous increase in efficiency, with an approximate doubling of the admissions turnover rate in a tertiary CCU. Patients with acute coronary syndromes are stratified faster and treated more invasively. Therapeutic advances are reflected by an almost linear 0.5% per year decrease in in-hospital mortality.
Cites: Circulation. 2000 Nov 14;102(20 Suppl 4):IV2-IV1311080126
Cites: Lancet. 1999 Aug 28;354(9180):708-1510475181
Cites: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Apr 3;39(7):1096-10311923031
Thrombosis of stents and of saphenous vein grafts (SVG) remains a severe complication of either revascularization techniques that often are present as ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this longitudinal cohort study was to compare the 1-year clinical outcomes among STEMI patients requiring primary PCI due to stent thrombosis and graft occlusion presenting with STEMI.
We prospectively collected data on all patients undergoing primary PCI at the Montreal Heart Institute between April 1, 2007 and March 30, 2008. Study patients were grouped according to the etiology of the STEMI: stent thrombosis, graft thrombosis, or atherosclerosis-related STEMIs (control group). The primary combined end-point, major adverse cardiac events (MACE), was defined as death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization within 12 months as primary end point. Of the 489 STEMI patients included in the study, 23 were due to stent thrombosis, 22 to graft thrombosis, and 444 in the control group. Stent and graft thromboses were associated with a higher MACE rates, 26.1 and 22.7%, respectively, compared to the control group, 9.3% (P = 0.004). Moreover, only stent thrombosis was associated with an increased risk of MACE (HR 2.57, confidence interval 95% 1.08-6.08.
Patients with stent thrombosis present with higher rate of reinfarction while graft thrombosis is associated with an increase in 1-year cardiac mortality. Using multivariate analysis, higher MACE rates were associated with stent thrombosis as compared to graft thrombosis.
Comment In: Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Aug 1;82(2):201-223878031
Women with germ line BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations have a marked increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer compared with the general population, whereas risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) significantly lowers the incidence of these cancers. The objective of this study was to review the clinical and pathological characteristics of a French Canadian population undergoing RRSO. Surgical morbidity was also evaluated.
From December 1999 to December 2009, all women who underwent RRSO at our institution were identified. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Descriptive statistics, the Fischer exact test, and the Student t test were used for analysis.
During the study period, RRSO was performed on 119 women. Mean age at surgery was 49 years (35-72 years), and 63 patients (53%) were premenopausal. Sixty-two women (52%) had a history of in situ or invasive breast cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were present in 34 patients (29%) and 42 patients (35%), respectively, whereas 43 patients (36%) were considered to have an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer, despite a personal genetic test, which was either negative (n = 23) or unknown because the patient declined genetic testing (n = 20). Most patients with a uterus in place had a complementary hysterectomy (65%). Six complications occurred (3 hematomas, 2 cardiac arrhythmias, and 1 cystotomy). In one patient (0.8%), a high-grade stage II ovarian cancer was discovered at the time of surgery. Fallopian tube atypias were identified on final pathology in 8 cases (6.7%). After a median follow-up of 22 months, 4 women (3.4%) developed breast cancer and one woman (0.8%) developed peritoneal cancer.
Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is highly effective in preventing ovarian, fallopian tube, and breast cancers in a high-risk French Canadian population; and the surgical morbidity is low.
The choice of guiding catheter for optimal back-up support is critical in order to achieve a successful PCI. Diagnostic 6 French (F) catheters have an internal lumen diameter as large as 5F guiding catheters. The aim of this study was to demonstrate for the first time the feasibility of performing PCI with Cordis 6F diagnostic catheters in selected coronary lesions.
32 coronary stents were implanted using 6F diagnostic catheters in 27 eligible patients at the Montreal Heart Institute. The inclusion criteria were TIMI angiographic score
In-stent restenotic lesions have been problematic for many patients with the need for multiple repeat percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The need for repeat PCI has been significantly reduced in patients since the advent of vascular brachytherapy. In-stent restenosis resulting in bifurcation presents even more of a challenge. The use of radiation therapy for the treatment of this kind of lesion has not yet been reported. The purpose of this paper is to present five cases of radiation therapy in bifurcation in-stent restenotic lesions using the intraluminal beta radiation catheter delivery system (Beta-Cath System, Novoste Corporation, Norcross, Georgia).
We reviewed the database of patients enrolled in our Compassionate Use Registry between August 1999 and April 2002. The data is reported for 5 patients who received radiation in both branches of bifurcation lesions with the Beta-Cath catheter system.
The mean diameter of the vessels was 3.1 mm 0.5 mm. The dose administered was from 18.3 to 23 Gy, with an overlap of 3.3 to 10.3 mm; the hinge angle between the branches went from 43.3 to 65.4 . Angiographic follow-up was obtained at 6 months in 4 patients, with a single patient showing a focal (