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Adverse life events as risk factors for behavioural and emotional problems in a 7-year follow-up of a population-based child cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113742
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2014 Apr;68(3):189-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2014
Author
Cathrine Skovmand Rasmussen
Louise Gramstrup Nielsen
Dorthe Janne Petersen
Erik Christiansen
Niels Bilenberg
Author Affiliation
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department, Mental Health Hospital and University Clinic, Region of Southern Denmark, University of Southern Denmark , Sdr. Boulevard 29, DK-5000 Odense C , Denmark.
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2014 Apr;68(3):189-95
Date
Apr-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Affective Symptoms - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Child
Child Behavior Disorders - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Divorce - psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Life Change Events
Logistic Models
Male
Parent-Child Relations
Parents - psychology
Population Surveillance
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological - etiology - psychology
Abstract
The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for significant changes in emotional and behavioural problem load in a community-based cohort of Danish children aged 9-16 years, the risk factors being seven parental and two child-related adverse life events.
Data on emotional and behavioural problems was obtained from parents filling in the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) when the child was 8-9 and again when 15 years old. Data on risk factors was drawn from Danish registers. Analysis used was logistic regression for crude and adjusted change.
Parental divorce significantly raised the odds ratio of an increase in emotional and behavioural problems; furthermore, the risk of deterioration in problem behaviour rose significantly with increasing number of adverse life events. By dividing the children into four groups based on the pathway in problem load (increasers, decreasers, high persisters and low persisters), we found that children with a consistently high level of behavioural problems also had the highest number of adverse life events compared with any other group.
Family break-up was found to be a significant risk factor. This supports findings in previous studies. The fact that no other risk factor proved to be of significance might be due to lack of power in the study. Children experiencing high levels of adverse life events are at high risk of chronic problem behaviour. Thus these risk factors should be assessed in daily clinical practice.
PubMed ID
23692285 View in PubMed
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Barriers and facilitators for implementing a new screening tool in an emergency department: A qualitative study applying the Theoretical Domains Framework.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280008
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2016 Oct;25(19-20):2786-97
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Jeanette W Kirk
Ditte M Sivertsen
Janne Petersen
Per Nilsen
Helle V Petersen
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2016 Oct;25(19-20):2786-97
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Communication Barriers
Denmark
Emergencies - nursing
Emergency Service, Hospital
Evidence-Based Medicine
Female
Focus Groups
Geriatric Assessment
Health Services for the Aged
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Models, Theoretical
Nursing Assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
The aim was to identify the factors that were perceived as most important as facilitators or barriers to the introduction and intended use of a new tool in the emergency department among nurses and a geriatric team.
A high incidence of functional decline after hospitalisation for acute medical illness has been shown in the oldest patients and those who are physically frail. In Denmark, more than 35% of older medical patients acutely admitted to the emergency department are readmitted within 90 days after discharge. A new screening tool for use in the emergency department aiming to identify patients at particularly high risk of functional decline and readmission was developed.
Qualitative study based on semistructured interviews with nurses and a geriatric team in the emergency department and semistructured single interviews with their managers.
The Theoretical Domains Framework guided data collection and analysis. Content analysis was performed whereby new themes and themes already existing within each domain were described.
Six predominant domains were identified: (1) professional role and identity; (2) beliefs about consequences; (3) goals; (4) knowledge; (5) optimism and (6) environmental context and resources. The content analysis identified three themes, each containing two subthemes. The themes were professional role and identity, beliefs about consequences and preconditions for a successful implementation.
Two different cultures were identified in the emergency department. These cultures applied to different professional roles and identity, different actions and sense making and identified how barriers and facilitators linked to the new screening tool were perceived.
The results show that different cultures exist in the same local context and influence the perception of barriers and facilitators differently. These cultures must be identified and addressed when implementation is planned.
PubMed ID
27273150 View in PubMed
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BRCA1/BRCA2 founder mutations and cancer risks: impact in the western Danish population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286215
Source
Fam Cancer. 2016 Oct;15(4):507-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Henriette Roed Nielsen
Mef Nilbert
Janne Petersen
Steen Ladelund
Mads Thomassen
Inge Søkilde Pedersen
Thomas V O Hansen
Anne-Bine Skytte
Åke Borg
Christina Therkildsen
Source
Fam Cancer. 2016 Oct;15(4):507-12
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
BRCA1 Protein - genetics
BRCA2 Protein - genetics
Breast Neoplasms - genetics
Cohort Studies
Denmark
Female
Founder Effect
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Genetics, Population
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - genetics
Ovarian Neoplasms - genetics
Abstract
Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes significantly contribute to hereditary breast cancer and ovarian cancer, but the phenotypic effect from different mutations is insufficiently recognized. We used a western Danish clinic-based cohort of 299 BRCA families to study the female cancer risk in mutation carriers and their untested first-degree relatives. Founder mutations were characterized and the risk of cancer was assessed in relation to the specific mutations. In BRCA1, the cumulative cancer risk at age 70 was 35 % for breast cancer and 29 % for ovarian cancer. In BRCA2, the cumulative risk was 44 % for breast cancer and 15 % for ovarian cancer. We identified 47 distinct BRCA1 mutations and 48 distinct mutations in BRCA2. Among these, 8 founder mutations [BRCA1 c.81-?_4986+?del, c.3319G>T (p.Glu1107*), c.3874delT and c.5213G>A (p.Gly1738Glu) and BRCA2 c.6373delA, c.7008-1G>A, c.7617+1G>A and c.8474delC] were found to account for 23 % of the BRCA1 mutations and for 32 % of the BRCA2 mutations. The BRCA1 mutation c.3319G>T was, compared to other BRCA1 mutations, associated with a higher risk for ovarian cancer. In conclusion, founder mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 contribute to up to one-third of the families in western Denmark and among these the BRCA1 c.3319G>T mutation is potentially linked to an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
PubMed ID
26833046 View in PubMed
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The growth pattern of 0-1-year-old Danish children, when screened by public health nurses--the Copenhagen County Child Cohort 2000.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29537
Source
Ann Hum Biol. 2005 May-Jun;32(3):297-315
Publication Type
Article
Author
Else Marie Olsen
Janne Petersen
Anne Mette Skovgaard
Birthe Lykke Thomsen
Torben Jørgensen
Birgitte Weile
Author Affiliation
Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Denmark. emao@glostruphosp.kbhamt.dk
Source
Ann Hum Biol. 2005 May-Jun;32(3):297-315
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Body Height
Body Weight
Child Development
Cohort Studies
Denmark
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Reference Values
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Using inadequate growth references when screening child health could lead to false conclusions concerning individual growth. We were concerned that this might apply to the official Danish growth reference. AIM: The study aimed to describe the current growth pattern of 0-1-year-old children in Denmark and compare it with national and international references, especially concerning differences that might cause misclassification regarding growth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised the Copenhagen County Child Cohort 2000 (CCCC2000) birth cohort, which consisted of 6090 children born during the year 2000. Weight and length measurements were obtained from the National Birth Registry and from standardized records of public health nurses. Anthropometric measurements were available from 99% of the birth cohort. Growth curves were constructed using Cole's LMS method. The curves were compared with Danish and international references, including the NCHS, the CDC and the Euro Growth references. RESULTS: The CCCC2000 curves differed from all the chosen references. The CCCC2000 children were heavier and longer and with a substantially higher weight-for-age gain between 1 and 6 months. Shape-wise, the CCCC2000 weight curves resemble the new Euro Growth reference. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of differences concerning weight curves is large enough to cause misclassification and there seems to be a need for updated growth curves concerning infancy.
PubMed ID
16099775 View in PubMed
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[Implementation of the shared medication record is difficult].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274744
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2014 Jul 21;176(30):1389-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-21-2014
Author
Selina Christensen
Line Due Jensen
Susanne Kaae
Kirsten Laila Vinding
Janne Petersen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2014 Jul 21;176(30):1389-91
Date
Jul-21-2014
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Electronic Health Records
Health Plan Implementation
Humans
Interinstitutional Relations
Medication Reconciliation
Medication Therapy Management
Models, Theoretical
Patient Safety
Physicians - psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
The aim of the study was to examine the implementation of the shared medication record (SMR) and the barriers to lack of implementation. The research was done in three hospitals in Denmark. Data showed that SMR was not used systematically in the period 5-19 March 2012 at a hospital in the Capital Region of Denmark. We found that motivation, technical problems, time, and competencies were barriers to using SMR. Although all the doctors liked the idea of SMR, they did not find the present version of SMR to be fully developed for use in practice.
PubMed ID
25292229 View in PubMed
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Increased risk of male cancer and identification of a potential prostate cancer cluster region in BRCA2.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature278548
Source
Acta Oncol. 2016;55(1):38-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Henriette Roed Nielsen
Janne Petersen
Christina Therkildsen
Anne-Bine Skytte
Mef Nilbert
Source
Acta Oncol. 2016;55(1):38-44
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Breast Neoplasms, Male - epidemiology - genetics
Denmark - epidemiology
Family
Genes, BRCA1
Genes, BRCA2
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Heterozygote
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mutation
Neoplasm Grading
Prostatic Neoplasms - epidemiology - genetics
Risk
Abstract
The risk of cancer in men from BRCA1 and BRCA2 families is relevant to define to motivate genetic testing and optimize recommendations for surveillance.
We assessed the risk of cancer in male mutation carriers and their first-degree relatives in 290 BRCA1 and BRCA2 families with comparison to matched controls with the aim to motivate genetic testing and optimize recommendations for surveillance.
Mutation carriers in BRCA1 families were not at increased risk of cancer, whereas mutation carriers in BRCA2 families were at increased risk of male breast cancer and prostate cancer with cumulative risks of 12.5% and 18.8%, respectively. Breast cancer developed at a mean age of 59 years, typically as ER/PR positive ductal carcinomas. Prostate cancer developed at a mean age of 68 years, with Gleason scores = 8 in 40% of the tumors. The hazard ratio for BRCA2-associated prostate cancer was 3.7 (p
PubMed ID
26360800 View in PubMed
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Inflammation in HIV-infected patients: impact of HIV, lifestyle, body composition, and demography - a cross sectional cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117932
Source
PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e51698
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Anne Langkilde
Janne Petersen
Henrik Hedegaard Klausen
Jens Henrik Henriksen
Jesper Eugen-Olsen
Ove Andersen
Author Affiliation
Clinical Research Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark. annelangkilde@gmail.com
Source
PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e51698
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absorptiometry, Photon
Adult
Body Composition
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
HIV Infections - complications - epidemiology - radiography - virology
HIV-1 - physiology
Humans
Inflammation - complications
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator
Solubility
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - complications - epidemiology - virology
Viral Load
Abstract
To examine mechanisms underlying the increased inflammatory state of HIV-infected patients, by investigating the association of HIV-related factors, demography, lifestyle, and body composition with the inflammatory marker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR).
suPAR was measured in EDTA-plasma and associated with HIV-related factors (HIV-duration, combination antiretroviral treatment (cART), nadir CD4+ cell count, CD4+ cell count, and HIV RNA); demography; lifestyle; and body composition determined by Dual energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan, in multiple linear regression analyses adjusted for biological relevant covariates, in a cross-sectional study of 1142 HIV-infected patients.
Increased suPAR levels were significantly associated with age, female sex, daily smoking, metabolic syndrome and waist circumference. cART was associated with 17% lower suPAR levels. In cART-treated patients 10-fold higher HIV RNA was associated with 21% higher suPAR, whereas there was no association in untreated patients. Patients with CD4+ cell count
Notes
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PubMed ID
23251607 View in PubMed
Less detail

Mental vulnerability--a risk factor for ischemic heart disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53044
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Feb;60(2):169-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Lene Falgaard Eplov
Torben Jørgensen
Morten Birket-Smith
Janne Petersen
Christoffer Johansen
Erik Lykke Mortensen
Author Affiliation
Copenhagen County Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Nordre Ringvej 57, DK-2600 Glostrup, Denmark. falgaard@dadlnet.dk
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Feb;60(2):169-76
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine whether mental vulnerability is a risk factor for the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) after adjustment for well-established risk factors. METHODS: In three prospective cohort studies in Copenhagen County, Denmark, we recorded the level of mental vulnerability and possible risk factors to IHD at baseline. For follow-up, the sample was linked to relevant registries to identify all cases of fatal and nonfatal IHD. The relationship between mental vulnerability and IHD was examined using both Kaplan-Meir and Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for possible confounding factors. RESULTS: Mental vulnerability was significantly associated with the risk for IHD (medium mental vulnerability: hazard ratio 1.41, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.91; and high mental vulnerability: hazard ratio 2.05; 95% confidence interval 1.46-2.88), after adjusting for confounders. CONCLUSION: Our results imply that mental vulnerability is an independent risk factor for IHD.
PubMed ID
16439270 View in PubMed
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Plasma suPAR levels are associated with mortality, admission time, and Charlson Comorbidity Index in the acutely admitted medical patient: a prospective observational study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271242
Source
Crit Care. 2012;16(4):R130
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Thomas Huneck Haupt
Janne Petersen
Gertrude Ellekilde
Henrik Hedegaard Klausen
Christian Wandall Thorball
Jesper Eugen-Olsen
Ove Andersen
Source
Crit Care. 2012;16(4):R130
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease - mortality
Aged
Biomarkers - blood
Comorbidity
Denmark - epidemiology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Male
Patient Readmission - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator - blood
Registries
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Abstract
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is the soluble form of the membrane-bound receptor (uPAR) expressed predominantly on various immune cells. Elevated plasma suPAR concentration is associated with increased mortality in various patient groups, and it is speculated that suPAR is a low-grade inflammation marker reflecting on disease severity. The aim of this prospective observational study was to determine if the plasma concentration of suPAR is associated with admission time, re-admission, disease severity/Charlson Comorbidity Index Score, and mortality.
We included 543 patients with various diseases from a Danish Acute Medical Unit during a two month period. A triage unit ensured that only medical patients were admitted to the Acute Medical Unit. SuPAR was measured on plasma samples drawn upon admission. Patients were followed-up for three months after inclusion by their unique civil registry number and using Danish registries to determine admission times, readmissions, International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition (ICD-10) diagnoses, and mortality. Statistical analysis was used to determine suPAR's association with these endpoints.
Increased suPAR was significantly associated with 90-day mortality (4.87 ng/ml in survivors versus 7.29 ng/ml in non-survivors, P
Notes
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PubMed ID
22824423 View in PubMed
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Potentially inappropriate medication related to weakness in older acute medical patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259664
Source
Int J Clin Pharm. 2014 Jun;36(3):570-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2014
Author
Line Due Jensen
Ove Andersen
Marianne Hallin
Janne Petersen
Source
Int J Clin Pharm. 2014 Jun;36(3):570-80
Date
Jun-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cognition
Denmark
Female
Hand Strength
Hospitalization - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Inappropriate Prescribing - statistics & numerical data
Male
Muscle Weakness - epidemiology
Polypharmacy
Prevalence
Quality of Life
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is common in the older population. Inappropriate medications as well as polypharmacy expose older people to a greater risk of adverse drug reactions and may result in hospitalizations.
To evaluate the prevalence of PIMs among acutely hospitalized patients aged =65 years in an acute medical unit, and to investigate the relationship between use of PIMs and weakness.
This longitudinal observational study was undertaken in the Acute Medical Unit, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Patients aged =65 years admitted to the acute medical unit during the period October to December 2011 were included. Patients were interviewed at admission and at a follow-up visit 30 days after discharge. Data included information about medications, social status, functional status, cognitive status, handgrip strength, health-related quality of life, visual acuity, days of hospitalization, and comorbidities, and was prospectively collected. Polypharmacy was defined as regular use of 5 or more drugs. The Charlson Comorbidity Index was used to categorize comorbidities.
The prevalence of PIMs and the association with PIMs and functional status handgrip strength, HRQOL, comorbidities, social demographic data and vision.
Seventy-one patients (55 % men) with a median age of 78.7 years participated. The median number of medications was eight per person. Eighty percent were exposed to polypharmacy. PIMs were used by 85 % of patients, and PIMs were associated with low functional status (p = 0.032), low handgrip strength (p = 0.006), and reduced health-related quality of life (p = 0.005), but not comorbidities (p = 0.63), age (p = 0.60), sex (p = 0.53), education (p = 0.94), cognition (p = 0.10), pain (p = 0.46), or visual acuity (p = 0.55).
Use of PIMs was very common among older people admitted to an acute medical unit. The use of PIMs is associated with low functional status, low handgrip strength, and reduced health-related quality of life.
PubMed ID
24723261 View in PubMed
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17 records – page 1 of 2.