Success with the neoaortoiliac system (NAIS) bypass has previously been reported. Drawbacks to this procedure include prolonged operative times and significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a 2-team approach in addition to a consistent anastomosis technique reduces the operative time of the NAIS procedure.
A single-center retrospective review was performed for operations using femoral vein in arterial reconstruction from 2003 to 2012.
A total of 40 patients, 25 men and 15 women, were included for analysis. Median operative time for all operations was 300 minutes (interquartile range). Thirty-day mortality was 7.5% (n = 3). Assisted primary patency at 1 year was 100%.
A 2-surgical team approach can reduce the operative time by up to 50%. This improves the attractiveness of this procedure, particularly when recalling that the treatment is definitive by virtue of its eradication of the source of infection.
Little is known about acute peripheral arterial thrombosis in patients with concomitant cancer. Small studies suggest that revascularization in this patient group is associated with thrombosis and increased risk of amputation and death. We investigated the frequency of cancer in patients operated on for acute peripheral arterial thrombosis and the long-term risk of amputation, mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke in a national cohort.
This was a prospective case/noncase study comprising all Danish citizens undergoing vascular surgery for acute arterial thrombosis from 1986 to 2012 with up to 26 years of follow-up.
A total of 7840 patients were treated surgically for acute arterial thrombosis; 2384 (30.4%) were previously diagnosed with cancer or developed cancer during the observation period. Risk of amputation was not significantly different in patients with or without cancer, except in patients with cancer diagnosed
The risks of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resection are not known. Prophylaxis with aspirin and statins is not generally recommended, although patients with AAAs have an increased prevalence of cardiovascular atherosclerosis. We report the incidences of MI, stroke, and death in an unselected national cohort of patients operated on for AAAs, with the general population as the control group.
In a matched cohort study, 11,094 Danish patients who underwent acute or elective open AAA repair from January 1986 through June 2009 were compared with four randomly chosen age- and sex-matched individuals (controls) from the general population (n = 44,364). Data were collected retrospectively from the Danish Vascular Registry (Karbase), the National Population Registry, and the National Inpatient Registry. The groups were analyzed for the incidences of MI, stroke, and death, with up to 20 years of follow-up.
AAA patients had an annual MI incidence of 2.5% (hazard ratio, 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-2.2) compared with the general population. The annual incidence of stroke was 2.9% (hazard ratio, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.6-1.9), and there was a 2.4-fold (95% CI, 2.3-2.4) increase in the hazard of all-cause mortality compared with the general population.
AAA patients of both sexes have a high risk of atherosclerotic events (MI, stroke) and death, so lifelong prophylaxis must be considered from our epidemiologic data. Randomized trials investigating the potential benefit of aspirin and statin therapy in AAA patients are needed.