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An examination of psychometric properties of the mini-mental state examination and the standardized mini-mental state examination: implications for clinical practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196623
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2000 Nov;13(4):209-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2000
Author
V C Pangman
J. Sloan
L. Guse
Author Affiliation
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Verna_Pangman@umanitoba.ca
Source
Appl Nurs Res. 2000 Nov;13(4):209-13
Date
Nov-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Cognition Disorders - diagnosis - nursing
Cross-Over Studies
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Manitoba
Neuropsychological Tests
Nursing Assessment - methods
Psychometrics
Reference Standards
Abstract
The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), as developed by Folstein, Folstein, and McHugh (1975), is the most widely used of cognitive screening tools. An examination of the psychometric properties of the MMSE seems warranted because the accurate and comprehensive assessment of mental status can yield profound implications for the quality of life of cognitively impaired older adults (Danner, Beck, Heacock, & Modlin, 1993). In clinical practice, nurses must not only use a valid and reliable screening tool for assessing cognitive impairment, but they must also assess the physical disabilities that may affect client performance and, hence, the cognitive impairment score. The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the MMSE in comparison to a more standardized tool and to identify implications of the tool for clinical practice.
PubMed ID
11078787 View in PubMed
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A comparison of childbirth expectations in high-risk and low-risk pregnant women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223357
Source
Clin Nurs Res. 1992 Aug;1(3):252-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1992
Author
M. Heaman
J. Beaton
A. Gupton
J. Sloan
Source
Clin Nurs Res. 1992 Aug;1(3):252-65
Date
Aug-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Manitoba
Patient Education as Topic - standards
Pregnancy - psychology
Pregnancy Complications - nursing - psychology
Set (Psychology)
Abstract
This study described and compared the childbirth expectations of high-risk and low-risk pregnant women and then examined the influence of anxiety, risk status, and childbirth preparation on these expectations. This descriptive correlational study employed a convenience sample of 75 high-risk nulliparas and 77 low-risk nulliparas. Results indicated that high-risk pregnant women had significantly less positive expectations for their childbirth experience than did low-risk pregnant women. In particular, high-risk pregnant women expected more medical intervention and more difficulty coping with pain during their labor and birth. For both groups of women, anxiety was negatively correlated with childbirth expectations, whereas childbirth preparation was positively correlated with childbirth expectations.
PubMed ID
1493490 View in PubMed
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Development and testing of the Primary Health Care Questionnaire (PHCQ): results with students and faculty in diploma and degree nursing programs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature208761
Source
Can J Nurs Res. 1997;29(1):79-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
K I Chalmers
I J Bramadat
J. Sloan
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing of the University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Source
Can J Nurs Res. 1997;29(1):79-96
Date
1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate
Education, Nursing, Diploma Programs
Faculty, Nursing
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Primary Health Care
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Students, Nursing
Abstract
Primary health care (PHC) has been proposed as a key strategy for improving the health of the world community, and nurses are acknowledged as key health-care professionals in meeting this goal. Efforts to have nurses implement PHC policies presuppose that they are knowledgeable about this approach to health care and have positive attitudes. The underlying aim of this study was to develop a measure of knowledge, attitudes, and practices in PHC and to assess the reliability and validity of the measure with a sample of student nurses and faculty in degree and diploma programs. The Primary Health Care Questionnaire (PHCQ) is a three-part self-report measure that provides quantitative data on knowledge and attitudes and qualitative data on practices of PHC. The instrument was developed from a rigorous review of the literature and systematic feedback from two panels (local and national) expert in PHC. Data were collected from 457 students and faculty in one four-year degree program (three sites), one post-diploma degree program, and three diploma programs, in a western Canadian province. Internal consistency reliability estimates using Cronbach's alpha were .76 (knowledge) and .85 (attitudes). Test-retest reliability at two weeks was r = .67 (knowledge) and .76 (attitudes). Content validity was enhanced through a systematic review of the instrument by a two-phase local and a national expert panel. Findings indicated greater knowledge and more positive attitudes among senior compared to junior students, degree compared to diploma students, and faculty compared to students. These findings lend support to the validity of the measure. The qualitative data revealed that learning opportunities related to PHC were built into both the diploma and the degree program through classroom teaching, clinical practice, and written assignments.
PubMed ID
9287521 View in PubMed
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