A study sample of 51 patients with acute and transient psychotic disorder (ATPD) (ICD-10) is presented. The findings suggest that, in hospital settings, ATPD is a non-frequent condition with onset in early adult life and most often associated with female sex, good premorbid social functioning and no or minor/moderate psychosocial stressors. The DSM-IV criteria distribute the patients into three diagnostic categories: schizophreniform disorder (41%), brief psychotic disorder (33%) and psychotic disorder not otherwise classified (25%). A high prevalence (63%) of personality disorders (PD) is revealed after recovery from the psychotic episode. The ATPD is not related to any specific PD, and in a substantial minority (37%) of cases no PD is found. The unspecified category is by far the most frequent PD in patients with ATPD. The sample will be followed up and reassessed.
For decades, the Mediterranean diet has been in focus regarding healthy eating as it has been associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Less interest has been given to health benefits of other regional diets. The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to a healthy Nordic food index was associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among middle-aged Danes.
Data were obtained from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study of 57?053 men and women aged 50-64 years recruited between 1993 and 1997. The healthy Nordic food index comprised healthy Nordic food items selected a priori (fish, cabbage, rye bread, oatmeal, apple and pears and root vegetables). Information on incident MI was ascertained through linkage with national registries. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated from sex-specific Cox proportional hazard models.
In total, 1669 men and 653 women developed MI during follow-up (13.6 median years). In adjusted models, those with an index score of 5-6 points (highest scores) had significantly lower MI risk (men: HR=0.77, 95% CI=0.62, 0.97; women: HR=0.55, 95% CI=0.37, 0.82) relative to those scoring 0 points in the index (lowest score). A significantly lower MI risk was found per 1-point increment in the index in both men (HR=0.95, 95% CI=0.92, 0.99) and women (HR=0.93, 95% CI=0.88, 0.98).
A healthy Nordic diet is associated with lower MI risk among middle-aged Danes, suggesting that Nordic diets should be considered in recommendations for dietary changes in the promotion of coronary health.
During the last 10 to 15 years, Aerococcus-like organisms have been isolated from urinary tract specimens from hospitalized patients at Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark, with signs of urinary tract infection, and a single strain has been deposited at the National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC 12142). An additional 63 isolates from the urine specimens of as many patients with suspected urinary tract infection have been identified from seven departments of clinical microbiology in Denmark. Clinical information indicates that this organism may be involved in urinary tract infection. These strains and ten previously collected strains, two of which were from blood cultures, were characterized phenotypically. By comparing the results with data on other gram-positive, catalase-negative cocci or coccobacillary organisms, the identified organisms seem to represent a separate taxon.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible association between the preoperative concentration of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor (sVEGF), perioperative blood transfusion, and survival in patients operated on for colorectal cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital, Denmark. SUBJECTS: 614 patients operated on for primary colorectal cancer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Association between preoperative blood transfusion and preoperative concentration of sVEGF. Association between perioperative blood transfusion and survival. RESULTS: Blood transfused up to one month before preoperative serum samples were obtained was significantly (p = 0.02) associated with high preoperative concentrations of sVEGF. The frequency of perioperative blood transfusion was significantly (p = 0.0007) higher in patients with rectal cancer than in patients with colon cancer. A multivariate analysis showed that intraoperative or postoperative blood transfusion or both, were significantly (p = 0.03) associated with poor survival in patients with Dukes stage A, B and C rectal cancers, while this association was not found in patients with colon cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative blood transfusion may be associated with high preoperative concentrations of sVEGF in patients with colorectal cancer. Transfusion during or after the operation is associated with poor survival in patients with Dukes stage A, B, and C rectal cancers.
Some Aerococcus-like organisms (ALOs) have recently been described in Denmark. The bacteria were originally isolated from the urine of elderly patients with urinary tract infections. Since 1987, we have identified 17 cases of bacteremia/septicemia in which ALOs have been isolated in pure culture of blood; we report the data from these cases. Six of the patients presented with endocarditis, eight presented with urosepticemia, and three presented with septicemia. In all but one of the reports, the urinary tract was suspected as the focus of infection, and ALOs were isolated from the urine of nine patients. All but one patient had predisposing illnesses; these were predominantly of urinary or cardiac origin. Five patients died of their infection, two survived the infection but eventually died during hospitalization, and 10 recovered. All of the patients received adequate antimicrobial therapy.
Since 1972 a public, fully subsidized municipal school dental service has been established in Denmark. The school dental service comprises general and individual preventive measures, regular dental examinations and all odontological treatment needed to keep the masticatory system in a good functional order. At the same time a recording system for the oral health of children was established. Information from the school dental service and private practitioners on the oral condition of children is passed to the dental division of the National Health Board. The statistics, published once a year, have proved extremely valuable for evaluation and planning purposes. The school dental service on a nationwide scale has been in function for too short a time to allow a final conclusion to be drawn. However, a positive trend in the caries experience of children may already be seen as a possible result. The importance of a regular dental service for children and of regular visits to a dentist for adults is illustrated. The problems arising when children leave school and pass from the school dental service to the National Health Insurance System are discussed.
OBJECTIVES: This study examined condom acquisition by persons in a hospital setting when single versus assorted brand name condoms were provided. METHODS: Condom receptacles were placed in exam rooms of two clinics. During Phase 1, a single brand name was provided; for Phase 2, assorted brand names were added. Number of condoms taken was recorded for each phase. RESULTS: For one clinic there was nearly a two-fold increase in number of condoms taken (Phase 1 to Phase 2); for the second clinic there was negligible difference in number of condoms taken. CONCLUSIONS: The provision of assorted brand name condoms, over a single brand name, can serve to increase condom acquisition. Locations of condoms and target population characteristics are related factors.
In a Danish nationwide prospective study of in situ carcinoma of the breast, a total of 275 women, treated with excision alone, were registered from 1982 to 1989. The series included 142 cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 100 cases of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS), 26 cases of DCIS+LCIS, and seven cases of atypical hyperplasia (AH). Within a median follow-up of 120 months, a crude recurrence rate of 28% (76 cases) was found, of which 53% (40 cases) recurred as invasive carcinomas (IC) and 47% (36 cases) as CIS. CIS recurrences appeared after median 18 months, compared to median 42 months for IC recurrences. No statistical difference was found with respect to development of IC between the three groups of DCIS, DCIS+LCIS, and LCIS. The majority of recurrences were ipsilateral, also for LCIS. Forty four of 49 recurrences following DCIS, and seven of nine recurrences following DCIS+LCIS occurred as local recurrences. Histopathologically, in DCIS a strong association was found between large nuclear size and comedonecrosis. Univariate analysis showed a significant association to recurrence for nuclear size, comedonecrosis, and size of the original lesion. Multivariate analysis showed that only comedonecrosis and size of lesion were independent predictors of recurrence, however, specimen margins were not included in the analysis, as this parameter could not be adequately evaluated in the present series. Nuclear size of original DCIS lesion was related to histologic grade of the IC recurrence. The recurrence rate for DCIS of small nuclear size increased from 6% at five years of follow-up to 16% at 10 years, possibly due to a slower growth rate and a continued but delayed risk. Similarities were found between LCIS and DCIS of small nuclear size, both showing a continued risk and comparable rate of recurrence. Further, progression to IC of similar, highly differentiated type was seen, indicating a linkage between biological behavior of the two histological types.
This retrospective, nationwide, observational study was designed to compare treatment in tertiary referral centers vs. regional hospitals on overall survival for patients with stage IIIC and IV ovarian cancer.
The study took place in all gynecological departments in Denmark, involving a total of 1,160 patients with stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer. Data were extracted for 2,024 patients with all stages of ovarian cancer recorded in the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2008. The main outcome measure was overall survival.
No difference was found between tertiary centers and regional hospitals with regard to age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score or comorbidity. Patients in regional hospitals had poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, i.e.1.0 vs. 2.0 (p= 0.005). Patients in referral centers presented more often with stage IIIC and IV disease, i.e. 59.7 vs. 51.7% (p