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Alexithymia behaves as a personality trait over a 5-year period in Finnish general population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168084
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Aug;61(2):275-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2006
Author
J K Salminen
S. Saarijärvi
T. Toikka
J. Kauhanen
E. Aärelä
Author Affiliation
Laboratory for Population Research, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland. jouko.salminen@ktl.fi
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Aug;61(2):275-8
Date
Aug-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Affective Symptoms - epidemiology - psychology
Finland - epidemiology
Health Surveys
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Occupations
Personality
Psychological Tests
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Temporal stability is a basic assumption underlying any personality trait construct. Previous research on the stability of alexithymia has led to a controversy over whether alexithymia should be viewed as a state-dependent phenomenon or as a stable personality trait. The aim of this 5-year longitudinal study was to examine the temporal stability of alexithymia in the general population in Finland.
Alexithymia was measured with the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) at the baseline and 5 years later.
The test-retest correlations of the TAS-20 total and factor-specific scores at the baseline and at the 5-year follow-up ranged from moderate to high in both genders, reflecting a rather high relative stability of the TAS-20 scores over a period of 5 years.
The findings of our study suggest that alexithymia behaves like a stable personality trait in the general population.
PubMed ID
16880032 View in PubMed
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Alexithymia in psychiatric consultation-liaison patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220379
Source
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;15(5):330-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1993
Author
S. Saarijärvi
J K Salminen
T. Tamminen
E. Aärelä
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Turku University Central Hospital, Finland.
Source
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;15(5):330-3
Date
Sep-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Affective Symptoms - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Mood Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Patient care team
Personality Inventory
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Alexithymic characteristics were assessed by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS), a self-report measure of alexithymia, in 230 consecutive outpatients referred to a psychiatric consultation-liaison service. The prevalence of alexithymia was 37.8% (50.5% in men and 28.2% in women). Alexithymia was significantly associated with the following variables: male gender, low socioeconomic status, the presence of psychiatric disorder, especially depression, with old age and with a high level of psychological distress. No significant association between alexithymia and the presence of somatic illness was found.
PubMed ID
8307347 View in PubMed
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An evaluation of the absolute and relative stability of alexithymia over 11years in a Finnish general population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature285523
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2017 Apr;95:81-87
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2017
Author
A. Hiirola
S. Pirkola
M. Karukivi
N. Markkula
R M Bagby
M. Joukamaa
A. Jula
E. Kronholm
S. Saarijärvi
J K Salminen
J. Suvisaari
G. Taylor
A K Mattila
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2017 Apr;95:81-87
Date
Apr-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Affective Symptoms - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory - statistics & numerical data
Population Surveillance - methods
Time Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
We investigated if alexithymia, a personality construct with difficulties in emotional processing, is stable in the general population.
Altogether 3083 unselected subjects aged 30 and older in Finland completed the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in the longitudinal Health 2000 and Health 2011 general population surveys (BRIF8901). The stability of alexithymia at the 11-year follow-up was assessed with t-tests, correlations, and separate linear regression models with base-line and follow-up age, gender, marital status, education, and 12-month depressive and anxiety disorders as confounders.
The mean score (SD) of the TAS-20 for the whole sample was 44.2 (10.4) in 2000 and 44.2 (10.9) in 2011 (p=0.731). The mean score of the TAS-20 subscale Difficulty Identifying Feelings increased by 0.3 points, Difficulty Describing Feelings decreased by 0.6 points and Externally Oriented Thinking increased by 0.3 points. The effect sizes of the changes varied from negligible to small. Age had little effect except for the group of the oldest subjects (75-97years): the TAS-20 mean (SD) score was 49.1 (10.1) in 2000 and 53.1 (10.3) in 2011 (p
PubMed ID
28314554 View in PubMed
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Depression and disability pension in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209162
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1997 Mar;95(3):242-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1997
Author
J K Salminen
S. Saarijärvi
R. Raitasalo
Author Affiliation
Social Insurance Institution, Research and Development Unit, Turku, Finland.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1997 Mar;95(3):242-3
Date
Mar-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - classification
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Depressive Disorder - classification - diagnosis - epidemiology
Disability Evaluation
Eligibility Determination
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Pensions - statistics & numerical data
Rehabilitation, Vocational - psychology
Abstract
During the period 1987-1994 there has been a threefold increase in disability pensions granted to individuals with affective disorders in Finland. Possible reasons for this development include a deep economic recession, changes in the diagnostic system, and better recognition of affective disorders. Against this background, it seems relevant to ask why, over the same period, the functional capacity of depressive patients has markedly deteriorated, causing an increase in disability pensions, despite the fact that many new drugs and other treatments have become available.
PubMed ID
9111858 View in PubMed
Less detail

Inadequate treatment of depression after myocardial infarction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature188050
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Dec;106(6):434-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2002
Author
S. Luutonen
H. Holm
J K Salminen
A. Risla
R K R Salokangas
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Turku, Psychiatric Clinic, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. sinikka.luutonen@tyks.fi
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Dec;106(6):434-9
Date
Dec-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Depressive Disorder - epidemiology - psychology - therapy
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Prevalence
Prognosis
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Abstract
The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the self-reported psychiatric treatment after myocardial infarction.
Depressive symptoms and medication were studied in 85 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients during 18 months follow-up. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
The proportion of patients with depressive symptoms (BDI >/= 10) was 21.2% while in hospital, 30.0% at 6 months and 33.9% at 18 months. At 18 months, none of the patients were receiving adequate antidepressive medication. There were eight patients with BDI scores corresponding to moderate/severe depression (BDI >/= 19). Six of these patients were receiving benzodiazepine medication and two of them had been treated in the mental health care system after the myocardial infarction.
There seems to be considerable problems in the diagnosis and/or treatment of depression after myocardial infarction.
PubMed ID
12392486 View in PubMed
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Prevalence of alexithymia and its association with sociodemographic variables in the general population of Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202801
Source
J Psychosom Res. 1999 Jan;46(1):75-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1999
Author
J K Salminen
S. Saarijärvi
E. Aärelä
T. Toikka
J. Kauhanen
Author Affiliation
Research and Development Centre of the Social Insurance Institution, Turku, Finland. jouko.salminen@kela.memonet.fi
Source
J Psychosom Res. 1999 Jan;46(1):75-82
Date
Jan-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Affective Symptoms - diagnosis - epidemiology
Demography
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Abstract
The prevalence of alexithymia and its association with sociodemographic variables were studied in a sample of 1285 subjects representing the general population of Finland. Alexithymia was measured with the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Alexithymia was normally distributed in the population in both genders, confirming that it is a personality dimension. The prevalence of alexithymia was 13%. Men were alexithymic almost twice (17%) as often as women (10%). Multivariate analysis showed that alexithymia was associated with male gender, advanced age, low educational level, and low socioeconomic status. As to the three factors of the TAS-20, men scored higher in factors 2 (difficulty in describing feelings) and 3 (externally oriented thinking). but there was no gender difference in factor 1 (difficulty in identifying feelings). Comparative population studies in other countries are needed to find out whether there are any differences in the prevalence of alexithymia between cultures.
PubMed ID
10088984 View in PubMed
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7 records – page 1 of 1.