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The effects of physical activity counseling on mood among 75- to 81-year-old people: a randomized controlled trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159813
Source
Prev Med. 2008 May;46(5):412-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2008
Author
Inka Pakkala
Sanna Read
Raija Leinonen
Mirja Hirvensalo
Taru Lintunen
Taina Rantanen
Author Affiliation
Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. inka.pakkala@sport.jyu.fi
Source
Prev Med. 2008 May;46(5):412-8
Date
May-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Affect
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Counseling
Depressive Disorder - prevention & control
Exercise - psychology
Female
Finland
Humans
Male
Single-Blind Method
Abstract
To examine the effects of physical activity counseling on mood among older people unselected for their depressive symptomatology.
Data are from "Screening and Counseling for Physical Activity and Mobility in Older People" project (SCAMOB), conducted in Finland during 2003-2005. SCAMOB was a 2-year single-blinded randomized controlled trial among 624 participants 75 years and older randomized into physical activity counseling group and control group. Depressive symptoms were assessed at baseline and after 24 months using Center for the Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.
Among all the study participants, no effect of intervention was observed. However, among subgroup with minor depressive symptoms at baseline, a significant treatment effect was observed, where depressive symptoms decreased in the intervention group and increased in the control group.
These findings suggest that physical activity counseling may reduce depression among those with minor depressive symptoms, which warrants for future studies.
PubMed ID
18078985 View in PubMed
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Sense of coherence: effect on adherence and response to resistance training in older people with hip fracture history.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115151
Source
J Aging Phys Act. 2014 Jan;22(1):138-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Erja Portegijs
Sanna Read
Inka Pakkala
Mauri Kallinen
Ari Heinonen
Taina Rantanen
Markku Alen
Ilkka Kiviranta
Sanna Sihvonen
Sarianna Sipilä
Author Affiliation
Gerontology Research Center and Dept. of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
Source
J Aging Phys Act. 2014 Jan;22(1):138-45
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Finland
Hip Fractures - physiopathology - psychology - rehabilitation
Humans
Independent living
Male
Mobility Limitation
Muscle Strength - physiology
Needs Assessment
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Patient Compliance - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Resistance Training - methods - statistics & numerical data
Sense of Coherence
Social Support
Walking - physiology
Abstract
Our aim was to study the effects of sense of coherence (SOC) on training adherence and interindividual changes in muscle strength, mobility, and balance after resistance training in older people with hip fracture history. These are secondary analyses of a 12-week randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training in 60- to 85-year-old community-dwelling people 0.5-7 years after hip fracture (n = 45; ISRCTN34271567). Pre- and posttrial assessments included SOC, knee extension strength, walking speed, timed up-and-go (TUG), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Group-by-SOC interaction effects (repeated-measures ANOVA) were statistically significant for TUG (p = .005) and BBS (p = .040), but not for knee extension strength or walking speed. Weaker SOC was associated with poorer training adherence (mixed model; p = .009). Thus, more complicated physical tasks did not improve in those with weaker SOC, independently of training adherence. Older people with weaker SOC may need additional psychosocial support in physical rehabilitation programs to optimize training response.
PubMed ID
23538559 View in PubMed
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