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[Factors associated with low ankle-brachial index in patients with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature148404
Source
Kardiologiia. 2009;49(9):9-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
N V Polenova
I S Iavelov
N A Gratsianskii
Source
Kardiologiia. 2009;49(9):9-16
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Ankle Brachial Index
Arteriosclerosis - epidemiology - etiology - physiopathology
Blood Glucose - metabolism
Blood Pressure - physiology
Body mass index
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood - complications - physiopathology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Leg - blood supply
Male
Middle Aged
Prediabetic State - blood - complications - physiopathology
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
To elucidate factors associated with an established marker of occlusive atherosclerosis of lower extremities - low ankle-brachial index (ABI) - in patients with diabetes mellitus or prediabetes.
We examined 182 patients with diabetes (n=158), impaired glucose tolerance (n=17), or impaired fasting glucose (n=7). We analyzed history, demographic parameters, anthropometric data (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference), levels of plasma high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, degree of glycemic control, and presence of signs of atherosclerosis of other localizations.
ABI was 0.9, respectively, p=0.006). Factors independently related to ABI
PubMed ID
19772497 View in PubMed
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[Register of Acute Coronary Syndromes in Russia: Management and Inhospital Outcomes in ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature272431
Source
Kardiologiia. 2004;44(4):4-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
I S Iavelov
N A Gratsianskii
Source
Kardiologiia. 2004;44(4):4-13
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Coronary Syndrome - diagnosis
Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
Coronary Artery Disease
Humans
Myocardial Infarction - diagnosis
Russia
Abstract
Data of about 50 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndromes aged at least 18 years admitted to 59 hospitals in different Russian cities were collected from November 2000 to July 2001. In 1412 patients included into registry presumably ischemic symptoms within previous 24 hours were associated with ST-segment elevation or left bundle branch block on ECG. Demographics, history, characteristics of acute coronary syndrome, management and outcomes during hospitalization as well as diagnoses at presentation and discharge were analyzed. Markers of myocardial necrosis were measured in 61% of patients. Rates of interventions that may improve outcome appeared to be low. In acute phase aspirin was used in 79% (contraindications were reported in 6.2%). Within 12 hours of symptoms onset thrombolysis was performed in 12.9%, coronary angioplasty in 1.2%. In patients hospitalized within 12 hours of symptoms onset these rates were 21.3 and 1.9%, respectively. Beta-blockers were prescribed no more than in 60% of cases (fist dose intravenously in 4.3%). Lipid lowering drugs were recommended at discharge to 12.3% of patients (to 21.1% of those with known hypercholesterolemia). ACE inhibitors during hospitalization were used in 68.1% of patients. After acute phase of the disease coronary angioplasty was performed in 5 patients, CABG in 1. However hospital mortality appeared to be not high (8.5% in general, 10.1% in patients with overt acute myocardial infarction at presentation). Reinfaction rate in this registry was impossible to assess, angina recurrences were registered in every fifth patient.
PubMed ID
15111968 View in PubMed
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[Register of acute coronary syndromes in Russia: treatment and in hospital outcomes in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182435
Source
Kardiologiia. 2003;43(12):23-36
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
I S Iavelov
N A Gratsianskii
Author Affiliation
Research Institute for Physicochemical Medicine, Center of Atherosclerosis, ul. Malaya Pirogovskaya 1a, 119828 Moscow, Russia.
Source
Kardiologiia. 2003;43(12):23-36
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Angina, Unstable - mortality
Coronary Artery Disease - mortality - rehabilitation - therapy
Electrocardiography
Female
Fibrinolytic Agents - therapeutic use
Heparin - therapeutic use
Hospitalization
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardium - pathology
Necrosis
Registries
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate
Abstract
Data from about 50 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndromes aged > or =18 years admitted to 59 hospitals in different Russian cities were collected between November 2000 and July 2001. In addition to presumably ischemic symptoms within previous 24 hours they were to have ischemic ECG changes, documented coronary heart disease or positive markers of myocardial necrosis. Of 2806 patients included into registry 1394 (49.7%) had non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome. Markers of myocardial necrosis (mainly CK activity) were evaluated in 59.5% of them. Frequency of interventions known to improve outcome was rather low: aspirin in acute phase was used in 73% (contraindications were reported just in 6%), thyenopyridines - in few cases, unfractionated heparin intravenously only with APTT control - in 11.8%, low-molecular weight heparins - in 7.4% of patients. Beta-blockers were prescribed in 55.6% of cases (with fist dose intravenously in 2.9%). Lipid lowering drugs were recommended on discharge to 15% of patients (to 20% with known hypercholesterolemia). Coronary angiography and revascularization procedures were performed in 25 (1.8%) and 11 (0.8%) patients, respectively. However hospital mortality appeared to be relatively low (3.8%). Meanwhile rates of (re)infactions and angina recurrences during hospitalization were high - 16.5 and 25.1% of cases, respectively.
PubMed ID
14671548 View in PubMed
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