The article presents an analysis of the situation with cancer in the world, Russia and more detailed (database of the Population-based Cancer Registry) in St. Petersburg. It is presented medium-term morbidity of the population of St. Petersburg per cervical cancer, endometrial cancer and ovarian neoplasms. The use of geoinformation systems allowed presenting incidence (standardized indicators) by districts of the town.
The dynamics of scarlet fever morbidity in Leningrad for many years was studied and the absence of any effect produced by the existing system of preventive measures against this disease for the last 30 years was shown. On the basis of epidemiological and bacteriological data the authors came to the conclusion on the unity of the epidemic process of scarlet fever in the whole city and the relatively autonomous character of the process in individual districts. The necessity of the realization of epidemiological surveillance on streptococcal infection, with special emphasis on the multilevel social structure of the city and the wide use of the bacteriological diagnosis of streptococcal diseases, is substantiated.
The influence of the OF activity of group A streptococci on their specific pathogenic properties has been shown, which is manifested by increased virulence of these streptococci for children of younger age groups and by a two times higher isolation rate of OF+ strains in tonsillitis than in scarlet fever. The possibility of the indirect evaluation of the content of anti-M-antibodies by the results of the anti-OF test has been revealed, which permits using this test instead of the bactericidal test, more complicated, in the study of immunity to infection induced by group A OF+ streptococci. Among the main methods of laboratory support of epidemiological surveillance on streptococcal infection, the introduction of the highly discriminating OF typing and the anti-OF test into practical use is recommended.