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Blunt liver trauma at sunnybrook Medical Centre: a 13 year experience.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226417
Source
HPB Surg. 1991 May;4(1):49-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1991
Author
S S Hanna
G. Pagliarello
G. Taylor
H. Miller
H M Scarth
F. Brenneman
Author Affiliation
Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Medical Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
HPB Surg. 1991 May;4(1):49-58
Date
May-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Combined Modality Therapy
Drainage
Hemostatics - therapeutic use
Humans
Injury Severity Score
Liver - injuries
Ontario - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Wounds, Nonpenetrating - epidemiology - mortality - therapy
Abstract
Between June 1, 1976 and June 30, 1989 The Regional Trauma Unit at Sunnybrook Medical Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada received 3730 patients. Of these 335 (9%) sustained a liver injury, 95% being due to blunt trauma. Open peritoneal lavage was performed on 80% of liver trauma patients (267/335), 99% being true positive. A laparotomy was performed on 97% of patients (324/335). Major surgical treatment was required in 132 patients (41%) and minor treatment in 192 patients (59%). The remaining 11 patients were treated conservatively (n = 3) or died during resuscitation (n = 8). Morbidity directly related to the liver injury was seen in 29 of 249 surviving patients (11%) although overall morbidity was 27% (67/249). Reoperation was required in 6% (14/249) with abscess or hematoma accounting for 11 of 14 operations. The overall mortality rate was 26% (86/335). Eighty two percent of patients (n = 276) had a grade I, II or III liver trauma according to Moore's classification with a mortality of 12% (n = 32). The remaining 18% of patients (n = 59) had a grade IV or V liver trauma with a mortality of 44% (n = 26). Of the 86 deaths, head injury accounted for 48 (56% of deaths); liver hemorrhage for 17 (20%), liver sepsis for 1 (1%) and other causes for 20 deaths (23%). Thus death due to the liver injury itself (hemorrhage and sepsis) occurred in 18 out of 335 patients (5% overall). Head injury accounted for the death of 48 out of 335 patients (14% overall). Over the past 13 years a trend has occurred at our institution whereby we are seeing less liver trauma in our population of multiply injured patients from 12% (1976-1983) down to 7% (1985-1989); with a gradual decline in overall mortality from 32% (1976-1983) to 19% (1985-1989), whereas the percentage of deaths due to head injuries and liver injury have increased.
PubMed ID
1911476 View in PubMed
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