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Adverse obstetric outcomes among female childhood and adolescent cancer survivors in Sweden: A population-based matched cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature309347
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2019 12; 98(12):1603-1611
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
12-2019
Author
Gabriela Armuand
Agneta Skoog Svanberg
Marie Bladh
Gunilla Sydsjö
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2019 12; 98(12):1603-1611
Date
12-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anal Canal - injuries
Cancer Survivors - statistics & numerical data
Case-Control Studies
Cesarean Section - statistics & numerical data
Child
Child, Preschool
Clitoris - injuries
Delivery, obstetric - statistics & numerical data
Dystocia - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Labor Presentation
Labor, Induced - statistics & numerical data
Lacerations - epidemiology
Pre-Eclampsia - epidemiology
Pregnancy
Registries
Sweden - epidemiology
Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Cancer treatment during childhood may lead to late adverse effects, such as reduced musculoskeletal development or vascular, endocrine and pulmonary dysfunction, which in turn may have an adverse effect on later pregnancy and childbirth. The aim of the present study was to investigate pregnancy and obstetric outcomes as well as the offspring's health among childhood and adolescent female cancer survivors.
This register-based study included all women born between 1973 and 1977 diagnosed with cancer in childhood or adolescence (age
PubMed ID
31329281 View in PubMed
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Adverse obstetric outcomes in pregnancies resulting from oocyte donation: a retrospective cohort case study in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274086
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015;15:247
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Evangelia Elenis
Agneta Skoog Svanberg
Claudia Lampic
Alkistis Skalkidou
Helena Åkerud
Gunilla Sydsjö
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015;15:247
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Cesarean Section - statistics & numerical data
Female
Fertilization in Vitro
Humans
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced - epidemiology
Labor, Induced - statistics & numerical data
Oligohydramnios - epidemiology
Oocyte Donation - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Placenta, Retained - epidemiology
Postpartum Hemorrhage - epidemiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Oocyte donation has been associated to gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, placental abnormalities, preterm delivery and increased rate of caesarean delivery while simultaneously being characterized by high rates of primiparity, advanced maternal age and multiple gestation constituting the individual risk of mode of conception difficult to assess. This study aims to explore obstetrical outcomes among relatively young women with optimal health status conceiving singletons with donated versus autologous oocytes (via IVF and spontaneously).
National retrospective cohort case study involving 76 women conceiving with donated oocytes, 150 nulliparous women without infertility conceiving spontaneously and 63 women conceiving after non-donor IVF. Data on obstetric outcomes were retrieved from the National Birth Medical Register and the medical records of oocyte recipients from the treating University Hospitals of Sweden. Demographic and logistic regression analysis were performed to examine the association of mode of conception and obstetric outcomes.
Women conceiving with donated oocytes (OD) had a higher risk of hypertensive disorders [adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) 2.84, 95% CI (1.04-7.81)], oligohydramnios [aOR 12.74, 95% CI (1.24-130.49)], postpartum hemorrhage [aOR 7.11, 95% CI (2.02-24.97)] and retained placenta [aOR 6.71, 95% CI (1.58-28.40)] when compared to women who conceived spontaneously, after adjusting for relevant covariates. Similar trends, though not statistically significant, were noted when comparing OD pregnant women to women who had undergone non-donor IVF. Caesarean delivery [aOR 2.95, 95% CI (1.52-5.71); aOR 5.20, 95% CI (2.21-12.22)] and induction of labor [aOR 3.00, 95% CI (1.39-6.44); aOR 2.80, 95% CI (1.10-7.08)] occurred more frequently in the OD group, compared to the group conceiving spontaneously and through IVF respectively. No differences in gestational length were noted between the groups. With regard to the indication of OD treatment, higher intervention was observed in women with diminished ovarian reserve but the risk for hypertensive disorders did not differ after adjustment.
The selection process of recipients for medically indicated oocyte donation treatment in Sweden seems to be effective in excluding women with severe comorbidities. Nevertheless, oocyte recipients-despite being relatively young and of optimal health status- need careful counseling preconceptionally and closer monitoring prenatally for the development of hypertensive disorders.
Notes
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PubMed ID
26450684 View in PubMed
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Anxiety in women - a Swedish national three-generational cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299497
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2018 06 04; 18(1):168
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
06-04-2018
Author
Gunilla Sydsjö
Sara Agnafors
Marie Bladh
Ann Josefsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, SE-581 85, Linköping, Sweden. Gunilla.Sydsjo@liu.se.
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2018 06 04; 18(1):168
Date
06-04-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adult
Anxiety - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Child
Cohort Effect
Cohort Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mother-Child Relations - psychology
Mothers - psychology
Parturition - psychology
Pregnancy
Registries
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Findings from animal and human studies indicate that anxiety and stress have a negative influence on the child and mother. The aim of this study was to explore the risk for having an anxiety diagnosis and the impact of the diagnosis in a three generational perspective.
The information was retrieved from Swedish population-based registries. All women who gave birth between 1973 and 1977 (n 169,782), their daughters (n 244,152), and subsequently also the offspring of the daughters (n 381,953) were followed until 2013.
We found that 4% of the mothers and 6% of the grandmothers had been diagnosed with anxiety. Women who had mothers with an anxiety disorder were more than twice as likely to have an anxiety disorder themselves compared to all other women (OR?=?2.20, 95% CI?=?2.04-2.30). In the third generation, the children born to mothers with an anxiety disorder, the odds ratio of being diagnosed with anxiety was more than twice as high than for the rest of the population (OR?=?2.54, 95% CI?=?2.01-3.20). If both the mother and the grandmother had had an anxiety disorder the odds ratio for the child having a diagnosis of anxiety was three times higher (OR?=?3.11, 95% CI?=?2.04-4.75). Anxiety diagnosis in the two previous generations also increased the likelihood of the child having either more than two inpatient visits or more than 10 outpatient visits (OR?=?2.64, 95% CI?=?2.40-2.91 and OR?=?2.21, 95% CI?=?2.01-2.43, respectively).
The intergenerational effect on anxiety is high. In order to minimize the risk for further transmission of anxiety disorders, increased awareness and generous use of effective treatment regimes might be of importance.
PubMed ID
29866128 View in PubMed
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Attitudes toward surrogacy among doctors working in reproductive medicine and obstetric care in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299028
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2018 Sep; 97(9):1114-1121
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Date
Sep-2018
Author
Camilla Stenfelt
Gabriela Armuand
Kjell Wånggren
Agneta Skoog Svanberg
Gunilla Sydsjö
Author Affiliation
Fertilitetscentrum Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2018 Sep; 97(9):1114-1121
Date
Sep-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Physicians - psychology
Pregnancy
Reproductive Medicine
Surrogate Mothers
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes and opinions towards surrogacy among physicians working within obstetrics and reproductive medicine in Sweden.
Physicians working within medically assisted reproduction (MAR), antenatal care and obstetrics were invited to participate in a cross-sectional nationwide survey study. The study-specific questionnaire measured attitudes and experiences in three domains: attitudes towards surrogacy, assessment of prospective surrogate mothers, and antenatal and obstetric care for surrogate mothers.
Of the 103 physicians who participated (response rate 74%), 63% were positive or neutral towards altruistic surrogacy being introduced in Sweden. However, only 28% thought that it should be publicly financed. Physicians working at fertility clinics were more positive towards legalization as well as public financing of surrogacy compared than were those working within antenatal and delivery care. The majority of the physicians agreed that surrogacy involves the risk of exploitation of women's bodies (60%) and that there is a risk that the commissioning couple might pay the surrogate mother "under the table" (82%). They also expressed concerns about potential surrogate mothers not being able to understand fully the risks of entering pregnancy on behalf of someone else.
There is a relatively strong support among physicians working within obstetrics and reproductive medicine for the introduction of surrogacy in Sweden. However, the physicians expressed concerns about the surrogate mothers' health as well as the risk of coercion. Further discussions about legalization of surrogacy should include views from individuals within a wide field of different medical professions and laymen.
PubMed ID
29512820 View in PubMed
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Background, experience of abuse, and mental health among adolescents in out-of-home care: a cross-sectional study of a Swedish high school national sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300047
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2019 Jan; 73(1):16-23
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2019
Author
Rikard Tordön
Carl Göran Svedin
Cecilia Fredlund
Linda Jonsson
Gisela Priebe
Gunilla Sydsjö
Author Affiliation
a Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine , Linköping University , Linköping , Sweden.
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2019 Jan; 73(1):16-23
Date
Jan-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child Abuse - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Child Abuse, Sexual - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Child, Foster - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Foster Home Care - psychology
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Mental health
Self Concept
Self Report
Sexual Behavior
Socioeconomic Factors
Students
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Young Adult
Abstract
To compare experiences for adverse events, especially sexual abuse, and mental health in a group of high school students in out-of-home care with a representative sample of peers of the same age and similar educational attainment living with their parents.
A sample of 5839 students in the third year of Swedish high school, corresponding to a response rate of 59.7%, answered a study specific questionnaire. Data from 41 students living in out-of-home care were compared with data from peers not in out-of-home care in a cross-sectional analyze.
Students in out-of-home care had more often an immigrant background and a non-heterosexual orientation, had more often experienced physical and penetrative sexual abuse, and more often sought healthcare for mental problems. Disclosure of sexual abuse was less common, and acts of persuasion or adults' use of their social position was more common among students in out-of-home care.
Even where the protective factor 'senior educational attainment' is present, risks for abuse and poor mental health are evident for adolescents in out-of-home care. Disclosure of adversity, when it has occurred, ought to be higher among these adolescents with regular contact with social services, but our findings indicate tendencies for the opposite. We therefore suggest routines to be established to screen for adverse life events and mental health actively, along with general and systematic assessments of adversity and mental health during care.
PubMed ID
30561234 View in PubMed
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Birth characteristics of women with Marfan syndrome, obstetric and neonatal outcomes of their pregnancies-A nationwide cohort and case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291463
Source
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2017 Aug; 215:106-111
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Aug-2017
Author
Kristina Kernell
Gunilla Sydsjö
Marie Bladh
Ann Josefsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address: kristina.kernell@regionostergotland.se.
Source
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2017 Aug; 215:106-111
Date
Aug-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Delivery, Obstetric
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Marfan Syndrome
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications
Pregnancy outcome
Pregnancy, High-Risk
Prenatal Care
Registries
Sweden
Abstract
The aim was to investigate birth characteristics, obstetric and neonatal outcomes of the first childbirth in women with Marfan syndrome by use of Swedish national registers since pregnancy-related outcomes in women with Marfan syndrome have only been sparsely investigated.
In this national population-based cohort study and matched case-control study of Swedish women born 1973-1993, women with Marfan syndrome (n=273) were compared to women without the condition (n=1 017 265). The study population was followed until 2013. A total of 364 553 mother-firstborn-offspring pairs were analyzed. Sixty-one women with Marfan syndrome became mothers. Women with Marfan syndrome were also compared to 543 healthy controls.
Women with Marfan syndrome were more often born preterm (p
PubMed ID
28609711 View in PubMed
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A comparison between Swedish midwives' and obstetricians' & gynecologists' opinions on cesarean section.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142656
Source
Matern Child Health J. 2011 Jul;15(5):555-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2011
Author
Ann Josefsson
Christina Gunnervik
Adam Sydsjö
Gunilla Sydsjö
Author Affiliation
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Matern Child Health J. 2011 Jul;15(5):555-60
Date
Jul-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Cesarean Section - psychology
Chi-Square Distribution
Confidence Intervals
Expert Testimony
Female
Gynecology - statistics & numerical data
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Midwifery - statistics & numerical data
Obstetrics - statistics & numerical data
Odds Ratio
Physicians - psychology
Questionnaires
Sweden
Abstract
To compare Swedish obstetricians/gynecologists and midwives' attitudes and opinions on different aspects of cesarean section (CS). In total 330 midwives from the south east of Sweden and 1280 Swedish obstetricians/gynecologists were asked to answer a study-specific questionnaire anonymously about their opinions on different issues concerning CS. The majority of obstetricians/gynecologists and midwives had more than 10 years of experience in their professions (75.2% vs. 73.6%). The midwives thought that a reasonable CS rate would be 11.5% whereas the corresponding figures for the obstetricians/gynecologists was 13.8% (P 
PubMed ID
20571901 View in PubMed
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Congenital heart disease in men - birth characteristics and reproduction: a national cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260821
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14:187
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Kristina Kernell
Gunilla Sydsjö
Marie Bladh
Niels Erik Nielsen
Ann Josefsson
Source
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14:187
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cesarean Section - statistics & numerical data
Child of Impaired Parents
Cohort Studies
Diseases in Twins - epidemiology
Educational Status
Female
Fetal Macrosomia - epidemiology
Heart Defects, Congenital
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Male
Parity
Premature Birth - epidemiology
Registries
Reproductive history
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are more often born preterm or small-for-gestational age and with a caesarean section. This pattern together with an increased risk of congenital anomalies seems to be repeated in the next generation. Information on the effect of paternal CHD on their offspring is sparse. In this study we investigated if men with CHD differ from those who do not have CHD with respect to characteristics related to their own births, their reproductive patterns and the neonatal outcomes of their children.
In this national cohort study data were derived from Swedish population-based registries. The population consists of all men born in 1973-1983 who were alive and living in Sweden at 13 years of age (n?=?522 216). The index group is men with CHD (n?=?2689). Men diagnosed with CHD were compared with men without CHD. The CHD were also divided into two groups, complex and simple CHD and comparisons between the groups were made.
Men with CHD are more likely to have been born preterm (p?
Notes
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PubMed ID
24890365 View in PubMed
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Consumer satisfaction with a weight-gain intervention programme for obese pregnant women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165018
Source
Midwifery. 2008 Jun;24(2):163-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2008
Author
Ing-Marie Claesson
Ann Josefsson
Marie Cedergren
Jan Brynhildsen
Annika Jeppsson
Fredrik Nyström
Adam Sydsjö
Gunilla Sydsjö
Author Affiliation
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, SE-581 85 Linköping, Sweden. Ing-Marie.Claesson@lio.se
Source
Midwifery. 2008 Jun;24(2):163-7
Date
Jun-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Female
Health Behavior
Health Education - methods
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Life Style
Obesity - nursing - prevention & control
Patient Education as Topic
Patient satisfaction
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications - nursing - prevention & control
Prenatal Care - methods
Social Support
Sweden
Abstract
to investigate women's attitudes and satisfaction with a weight-gain intervention programme during pregnancy.
exploratory, descriptive study. Data were collected via interviews.
University hospital.
56 obese pregnant women who attended antenatal care at the University Hospital of Linköping's obstetrical department and took part in an intervention programme aimed at reducing weight gain during pregnancy, between November 2003 and August 2004.
the interviews comprised several questions concerning attitudes and opinions of the programme. Most of the women expressed positive experiences with the treatment and would attend the programme if they became pregnant again. Most of the women stated that they had changed their eating and exercise habits during pregnancy, and almost all of them had continued with these new habits. Even though the weight gain goal of a maximum 6.9 kg was reached by less than half of the participants, most of the women were satisfied with their weight gain. A total of 71.4% of the women participated in aqua aerobics classes. They stated that they were most satisfied with this form of exercise, and that it also was a good social experience.
a pregnant woman herself must be actively involved in setting her own goals to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Considerable effort and support must be placed on discussing strategies, pitfalls and risks. In order for the woman to maintain the change in attitude and habits, she must probably be given continuous feedback and reinforcement over the long term.
PubMed ID
17316933 View in PubMed
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Effects of a weight-gain restriction programme for obese pregnant women on sickness absence and pregnancy benefits.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117392
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2013 Jun;31(2):106-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2013
Author
Gunilla Sydsjö
Wiktor Gustafsson Monfils
Nicholas de Keyser
Ing-Marie Claesson
Adam Sydsjö
Ann Josefsson
Author Affiliation
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Gunilla.Sydsjo@lio.se
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2013 Jun;31(2):106-10
Date
Jun-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Counseling - methods
Exercise Therapy - methods
Female
Humans
Obesity - prevention & control
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications - prevention & control
Prenatal Care - methods
Program Evaluation
Prospective Studies
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Social Security - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Weight Gain
Women, Working
Abstract
To evaluate the effect of a weight-gain restriction programme for obese pregnant women on sickness absence days and pregnancy benefit days during pregnancy and postpartum.
A prospective, controlled intervention study. The Swedish Social Security Agency's records were utilized to compile sickness absence and pregnancy benefit information.
Antenatal care clinics in the south-east of Sweden.
One hundred fifty-five obese pregnant women who participated in a weight restriction program with weekly structured motivational and behavioural talks combined with aqua-aerobics during pregnancy. A total of 193 obese pregnant women with no intervention served as controls.
Sickness absence benefits and pregnancy benefits expressed as a percentage.
On average women in the intervention group had 76.68 total full days of sickness absence benefit compared with 53.09 days in the control group. Total full days of pregnancy benefits were 39.66% days and 41.41% for the intervention and control groups respectively. For the women who were on sick leave there were no differences between the groups in the amount of days taken.
Given the complexity of factors that have an influence on sickness absence leave, it is possible that programmes that do not address the influence of social aspects and attitudes towards sickness absence have limited effect.
Notes
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PubMed ID
23301596 View in PubMed
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57 records – page 1 of 6.