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Characteristics associated with organic food consumption during pregnancy; data from a large cohort of pregnant women in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature99812
Source
BMC Public Health. 2010 Dec 21;10(1):775
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-21-2010
Author
Hanne Torjusen
Anne Lise Brantsaeter
Margaretha Haugen
Geir Lieblein
Hein Stigum
Gun Roos
Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen
Helle Margrete Meltzer
Source
BMC Public Health. 2010 Dec 21;10(1):775
Date
Dec-21-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Little is known about the use of organic food during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics associated with the use of organic food among pregnant women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). METHODS: The present study includes 63,561 women who during the years 2002-2007 answered two questionnaires, a general health questionnaire at gestational week 15 and a food frequency questionnaire at weeks 17-22. We used linear binomial regression with frequent versus rare use of organic food as outcome variable and characteristics of the respondent as independent variables. The outcome variable was derived from self-reported frequency of organic food use in six main food groups (milk/dairy, bread/cereal, eggs, vegetables, fruit and meat). RESULTS: Organic eggs and vegetables were the food items which were most frequently reported to be used "often" or "mostly". The proportion of women reporting frequent intake of organic food was 9.1% (n=5754). This group included more women in the lower (40 years) age-groups, with normal or low body mass index, who were vegetarians, exercised regularly (3+times weekly), consumed alcohol and smoked cigarettes during pregnancy (p
PubMed ID
21172040 View in PubMed
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Reduced risk of pre-eclampsia with organic vegetable consumption: results from the prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264044
Source
BMJ Open. 2014;4(9):e006143
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Hanne Torjusen
Anne Lise Brantsæter
Margaretha Haugen
Jan Alexander
Leiv S Bakketeig
Geir Lieblein
Hein Stigum
Tormod Næs
Jackie Swartz
Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen
Gun Roos
Helle Margrete Meltzer
Source
BMJ Open. 2014;4(9):e006143
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Diet - statistics & numerical data
Female
Food, Organic - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Pre-Eclampsia - epidemiology - prevention & control
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Risk Reduction Behavior
Vegetables
Young Adult
Abstract
Little is known about the potential health effects of eating organic food either in the general population or during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine associations between organic food consumption during pregnancy and the risk of pre-eclampsia among nulliparous Norwegian women.
Prospective cohort study.
Norway, years 2002-2008.
28 192 pregnant women (nulliparous, answered food frequency questionnaire and general health questionnaire in mid-pregnancy and no missing information on height, body weight or gestational weight gain).
Relative risk was estimated as ORs by performing binary logistic regression with pre-eclampsia as the outcome and organic food consumption as the exposure.
The prevalence of pre-eclampsia in the study sample was 5.3% (n=1491). Women who reported to have eaten organic vegetables 'often' or 'mostly' (n=2493, 8.8%) had lower risk of pre-eclampsia than those who reported 'never/rarely' or 'sometimes' (crude OR=0.76, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.96; adjusted OR=0.79, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.99). The lower risk associated with high organic vegetable consumption was evident also when adjusting for overall dietary quality, assessed as scores on a healthy food pattern derived by principal component analysis. No associations with pre-eclampsia were found for high intake of organic fruit, cereals, eggs or milk, or a combined index reflecting organic consumption.
These results show that choosing organically grown vegetables during pregnancy was associated with reduced risk of pre-eclampsia. Possible explanations for an association between pre-eclampsia and use of organic vegetables could be that organic vegetables may change the exposure to pesticides, secondary plant metabolites and/or influence the composition of the gut microbiota.
Notes
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PubMed ID
25208850 View in PubMed
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