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First physical evidence for forested environment in the Arctic during MIS 3.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274217
Source
Sci Rep. 2016;6:29054
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Pertti Sarala
Minna Väliranta
Tiina Eskola
Giedré Vaikutiené
Source
Sci Rep. 2016;6:29054
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Old sedimentological and geochronological records can be preserved underneath the central parts of the continental ice sheets under non-erosive, cold-based subglacial conditions. Organic deposits that predate the last deglaciation are of particular value for the information held on glacial-time climate and environmental conditions. In this study, we present multiproxy data derived from a well-preserved MIS 3 interstadial (55-25?ka ago) organic layer from inside the Arctic Circle in the Finnish Lapland. Biological proxy evidence, namely coming from aquatic plant species, indicates July temperatures as high as 14.4?°C, i.e. higher than those of today for the study site. Macrofossil evidence demonstrates for the first time the presence of pines accompanied by tree birch during the MIS 3 interstadial in northern Fennoscandia. These results concur with contemporary insolation model outcomes but contradict with the previous proxy-based view of open tundra conditions during the MIS 3. The data suggest that there are highly dynamic interstadial continental ice-sheet dynamics following changes in orbital forcing. Warm climate enabled the establishment of forests on exposed landscape. Moreover, we suggest that in the light of these new data, previous MIS 3 pollen data could be re-interpreted.
PubMed ID
27363905 View in PubMed
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