The purpose of this study was to seek information on the perceived needs of family members visiting a patient in a critical care unit (ICU) of two hospitals located in Sudbury, Ontario. The sample included fifty-one family members visiting cardiovascular surgical patients (CVS) and forty-four family members visiting cardiovascular medicine patients (CVM). The study was part of a larger project conducted on a convenience sample of 166 subjects visiting an ICU patient. Data was gathered using a self-report questionnaire, the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) (Molter and Leske, 1983), and Spielberger's (1983) State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Information was also collected about worries, knowledge, spiritual needs and the distance of subjects' residence from the site of hospitalization. The sample for both groups was predominantly female. The State Anxiety Scale of the STAI yielded mean scores for both groups which were significantly higher than those obtained by Spielberger (1983) (CVS: z = -3.28, p less than .0001; CVM: z = -3.41, p less than .0001).
The objective of this methodological pilot study was to make a contribution to the French-language validation of the Depressive Adjective Check List (DACL) Set 2 of Forms, E, F, G trait version (Lubin, 1981) and to that of the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL-R; Zuckerman & Lubin, 1985). The importance of the study was to validate the French-language translation of these instruments to assess nonclinical depression or dysphoria and affect in two French- and English-speaking convenience sample groups. The Check Lists were administered to 183 Canadian subjects 60 years of age and over of both sexes from rural areas in the provinces of Quebec and Ontario, Canada. In order to ensure that the words chosen carried the same connotation as in the English language, a translation-retranslation technique was used. The data collected from this study suggest that the DACL Form G would be most valid to use with either language and/or site in the protocol for future studies.
This article presents the findings of a survey of Canadian schools of nursing (N = 155) that determined the extent to which violence-related content is addressed in nursing curricula. The study yielded a response rate of 88%. Theoretical content regarding violence against children and women of all ages, and suicide as a response to abuse formed part of the curriculum of all schools of nursing, if only in readings. Child abuse and suicide received the greatest number of hours of instruction, followed by woman abuse, sexual assault, and elder abuse. University schools of nursing provided the greatest number of hours of instruction when compared with other types of schools. Schools in Western and Atlantic Canada provided the greatest number of hours of instruction on woman abuse when compared with other regions of the country. The majority of university schools provided experiential instruction in the area of violence, with the other types of schools providing very little such instruction. Findings revealed a sensitivity to the importance of including content on violence in nursing curricula; however, the approach to this content is largely incidental and heavily dependent on individual faculty interests. Implications of this study point to the need for the systematic inclusion of violence-related content and the sharing of resources among schools of nursing.
The purpose of this study was to describe the current tuberculosis (TB) surveillance practices in health care facilities in accordance with the Ontario Hospital Act. Data for this survey were collected by means of a mailed questionnaire received from 51 health care facilities and schools of nursing in Northeastern Ontario. With some minor changes, most institutions followed standard TB surveillance practices based on the Ministry of Health legislation. Alterations in surveillance practices generally reflected the literature update in terms of cost-effectiveness. It was also discovered that some institutions (33.3%) failed to account for the relative risk for pregnant employees/students with skin testing and X-Ray screening.