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15 records – page 1 of 2.

An information campaign--an important measure in controlling the use of antibiotics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229712
Source
J Antimicrob Chemother. 1989 Dec;24(6):993-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1989
Author
H. Friis
F. Bro
C E Mabeck
R. Vejlsgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
J Antimicrob Chemother. 1989 Dec;24(6):993-9
Date
Dec-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Ampicillin - therapeutic use
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
Denmark
Drug Prescriptions
Drug Utilization
Education, Medical, Continuing
Humans
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination - therapeutic use
Abstract
Denmark is one of the countries using the smallest quantity of antibiotics in proportion to its population. Nevertheless, the use of ampicillin and co-trimoxazole has been found to be undesirably high. An information campaign was carried out to reduce the ampicillin and co-trimoxazole usage and to increase the penicillin usage as a consequence. To evaluate the efficacy of the campaign 602 general practitioners participated in the study, and the antibiotic treatment of 7607 patients, treated in week 13 in 1987, was recorded. These prescriptions were compared with the prescriptions recorded in two previous but identical investigations in 1979 and in 1983. The prescribing habits had changed significantly after the information campaign, resulting in national savings of two million Danish kroner/million inhabitants/year. Information could be an important measure in controlling the worldwide use of antibiotics.
PubMed ID
2621182 View in PubMed
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Changes in prescription of antibiotics in general practice in relation to different strategies for drug information.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225945
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1991 Aug;38(4):380-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1991
Author
H. Friis
F. Bro
C E Mabeck
R. Vejlsgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Herlev Hospital.
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1991 Aug;38(4):380-2
Date
Aug-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Denmark
Drug Information Services
Drug Utilization - trends
Education, Medical, Continuing
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Family Practice - education - standards
Humans
Physician's Practice Patterns
Teaching - methods
Abstract
The worldwide use of antibiotics is increasing with increasing costs and resistant bacteria as a consequence. The Danish use of antibiotics is one of the lowest in DDD/1,000 inhabitants/year; however, the use of ampicillin and co-trimoxazole has been found to be too high. An information campaign in the beginning of 1987, using written material, stressed the importance of reducing the ampicillin and co-trimoxazole and increasing the penicillin usage in Denmark. This campaign was followed up by 10 lectures given by the same person in two (I and II) of the five counties of Zealand, Denmark. In county I, the lectures were given in meetings arranged by the local department of clinical microbiology. In county II, the lectures were given at meetings sponsored by a pharmaceutical company. The prescribing habits were generally changed significantly. In county I, the changes were significantly higher compared with counties only receiving written material. In county II, the prescribing habits did not change further compared with the counties only receiving written material. It is concluded that face-to-face information can improve the efficacy of written information, but sponsorship by pharmaceutical companies may weaken this efficacy.
PubMed ID
1914537 View in PubMed
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[Diagnosis and treatment of patients with vaginal discharge in general practice].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature232914
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jun 20;150(25):1553-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-20-1988
Author
F. Bro
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jun 20;150(25):1553-6
Date
Jun-20-1988
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Denmark
Family Practice
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Vaginitis - diagnosis - drug therapy
PubMed ID
3388566 View in PubMed
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Dislocation and/or congenital malformation of the shoulder joint. Observations on a Mediaeval skeleton from Denmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235147
Source
Anthropol Anz. 1987 Jun;45(2):117-29
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1987
Author
P. Bennike
F. Bro-Rasmussen
P. Bro-Rasmussen
Source
Anthropol Anz. 1987 Jun;45(2):117-29
Date
Jun-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
History, Medieval
Humans
Male
Paleontology
Scapula - abnormalities - anatomy & histology
Shoulder Dislocation - pathology
Shoulder Joint - abnormalities
Skeleton
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to present a Mediaeval skeleton of an approximately 16 year old boy, which was excavated at a Danish cemetery containing ca. 150 graves. The skeleton reveals several pathologic changes, probably due to congenital malformation. The most intriguing find is seen at both scapulae, and the changes are bilateral symmetric. Both the glenoid cavities are placed posterior but at the normal height of the bone. The joints are almost perpendicular to their normal direction. The size of the glenoid cavities is normal and the shape is rather flat in accordance to the development stage of the skeleton, where the epiphysis of the rim has not yet appeared to form the gently concave fossa as normally seen in adults. Both the surface and the borderlines of the glenoid cavities are, however, more irregular than normally at that age. The position of the joints may be caused by dislocation and/or congenital malformation which is discussed. Due to the shape of the cavities, to the symmetric bilaterality, and to the minor congenital malformations, it is primarily believed to be caused by congenital malformation. Probably the young man was not much affected by the malformation of the shoulder joints, which is indicated by the normal form and size of the humeri and the well-developed muscle attachments of the bones. The claviculae seem shorter and more twisted than normal, which may be caused by a twisting of the scapulae. So the glenoid cavities may have pointed almost in the normal direction in spite of the malformation. Other minor malformations are spina bifida of the atlas and the 5. lumbar vertebra, multiple minor changes of the joints of both feet and malformations of one metatarsal bone in both feet. Agenesi of the praemolars is also seen. Although our study of the literature, we have not succeeded in correlation our finds with any known congenital syndrome, and as far as we know no similar case has been described in clinical observation or in skeletal finds.
PubMed ID
3304151 View in PubMed
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The effect of reimbursement on the use of antibiotics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36051
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1993 Dec;11(4):247-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993
Author
H. Friis
F. Bro
N R Eriksen
C E Mabeck
R. Vejlsgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of clinical microbiology, Slagelse Hospital, Denmark.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1993 Dec;11(4):247-51
Date
Dec-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark - epidemiology
Drug Costs
Drug Utilization
Family Practice - economics
Female
Humans
Infant
Infection - drug therapy - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Physician's Practice Patterns - economics
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Reimbursement Mechanisms
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
OBJECTIVE--To examine the effect of a reduction on the reimbursement of drugs on the use of antibiotics by general practitioners in Denmark. DESIGN--A prospective study using a questionnaire comparing the results with a similar study 3 years before, a period with normal reimbursement. PARTICIPANTS--553 general practitioners prescribed antibiotics for 5765 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Number of treated patients and choice of antibiotics. RESULTS--7607 patients were treated in 1987 compared with 5765 in 1990, the relative number of patients treated for sinusitis, other upper respiratory tract infections, acute bronchitis, pneumonia and upper gynaecological infections was significantly less in 1990 than in 1987. Other infections, particularly those that are often diagnosed by culture or microscopy by the general practitioners themselves, increased significantly. They included tonsillitis and urinary tract infections. CONCLUSION--Reimbursement can be a very powerful tool controlling the use of antibiotics by general practitioners.
PubMed ID
8146508 View in PubMed
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HbAlc in an unselected population of 4438 people with type 2 diabetes in a Danish county.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature47593
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2001 Dec;19(4):241-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2001
Author
J K Kristensen
F. Bro
A. Sandbaek
K. Dahler-Eriksen
J F Lassen
T. Lauritzen
Author Affiliation
Department of General Practice, University of Aarhus, Denmark. jkk@alm.au.dk
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2001 Dec;19(4):241-6
Date
Dec-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Comparative Study
Denmark
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood - diet therapy - drug therapy
Diagnostic Tests, Routine - utilization
Family Practice - standards - statistics & numerical data
Female
Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated - analysis
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Physician's Practice Patterns - statistics & numerical data
Quality of Health Care
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and level of HbA1c in a large unselected Type 2 diabetic population in Denmark. In addition, to describe the characteristics of the patients and the general practitioners in relation to the monitoring of HbA1c. DESIGN: Data were collected from public data files for the period January 1993 to December 1997. SETTING: The County of Vejle with a background population of 342,597 citizens, 303,250 of whom were listed with participating general practitioners. PATIENTS: The Type 2 diabetic population alive and resident in the county on 1 January 1997. RESULTS: In a population of 4438 Type 2 diabetics, 73% had a minimum of one annual HbA1c measurement in 1997. No HbA1c measurement was associated with a long history of diabetes, diet treatment or old age. Poor glycaemic regulation was found in 65% of the Type 2 diabetics in 1997. Poor glycaemic regulation was associated with tablet or insulin treatment, age under 70 years and long history of diabetes. The interpractice variation was huge. CONCLUSION: The quality of HbA1c monitoring of Type 2 diabetics needs to be improved. Possibilities for improvement seem to be present.
PubMed ID
11822648 View in PubMed
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Patients with vaginal discharge in general practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature231657
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1989;68(1):41-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
F. Bro
Author Affiliation
Institute of General Practice, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1989;68(1):41-3
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Denmark
Family Practice
Female
Humans
Leukorrhea - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Referral and Consultation
Abstract
In a multi-practice study, 80 general practitioners registered 327 patients with spontaneous complaints of vaginal discharge. Forty-eight percent of the patients were between 20 and 29 years of age, compared with 20% in the general female population (p less than 0.001). An increase in discharge was reported by 89% of the women, itching by 53%, and malodour by 38%. More than one symptom was reported by 61%. The symptoms present were mutually independent and no correlation was found with age. Seventy-six percent of women 25 years or older had had earlier instances of vaginal discharge. In patients aged 15-19, 60% had experienced earlier episodes. Male consort symptoms were reported by 14% of patients less than 25 years old and by 7% of the patients 25 years or older (p less than 0.05). Symptoms had persisted for one week or less in 36% of the women, for between 1 and 2 weeks in 27%, and for more than one year in 5%.
PubMed ID
2678879 View in PubMed
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Predictors of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women in general practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228927
Source
Fam Pract. 1990 Jun;7(2):138-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1990
Author
F. Bro
S. Juul
Author Affiliation
Institute of General Practice, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
Source
Fam Pract. 1990 Jun;7(2):138-43
Date
Jun-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Chlamydia Infections - diagnosis - microbiology
Chlamydia trachomatis
Contraceptives, Oral
Denmark
Family Practice
Female
Humans
Leukorrhea - etiology
Medical History Taking
Middle Aged
Probability
Risk factors
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in order to suggest indications for culture among women in general practice. In a multi-practice study 29 general practitioners examined 352 women complaining of vaginal discharge and 225 women having a pelvic examination for other reasons. Information from patient history, pelvic examination, and laboratory tests was recorded, and a culture for C. trachomatis was performed. C. trachomatis was isolated from 30 women (8.5%) with complaints of vaginal discharge and from nine (4.0%) without complaints. The predictive value for chlamydial infection of the information obtained was examined by logistic regression. Complaints of vaginal discharge, age under 25 years, use of oral contraception, suspected exposure to sexually transmitted disease, increased amount of discharge on pelvic examination, pH of discharge above 5.0 and the presence of leucocytes on wet smear microscopy were predictive of infection with C. trachomatis. Using information from patient history alone it was possible to discriminate between patients with low and high risk for chlamydia infection, the range being from 2% to 37%. Indications for culture for C. trachomatis, based upon easily obtained information from the patient history, are suggested.
PubMed ID
2369982 View in PubMed
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Prescribed daily dose of phenoxymethylpenicillin in general practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39243
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1986 May;4(2):105-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1986
Author
F. Bro
C E Mabeck
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1986 May;4(2):105-8
Date
May-1986
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Bacterial Infections - drug therapy
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark
Drug Utilization
Family Practice
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Penicillin V - therapeutic use
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Prescribed daily dose (PDD) of phenoxymethylpenicillin was estimated in a multipractice study in 1979 and in 1983. PDD increased from 2.08 mio IU in 1979 to 2.32 mio IU in 1983. PDD was independent of number of daily doses, and factors related to practice. Only slight variations with diagnosis and doctor's age was found.
PubMed ID
3088693 View in PubMed
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15 records – page 1 of 2.