The impact of body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) on survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is controversial. Recent studies show superior outcomes for overweight and obese patients.
A total of 653 R-CHOP(-like)-treated DLBCL patients were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients, baseline clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment information were retrieved from the Danish Lymphoma Registry. Anthropometric measures were obtained from chemotherapy prescription charts.
We investigated whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was predictor of suicidal behavior even when adjusting for comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD) and other salient risk factors. To study this, we randomly selected 308 patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital because of suicide risk. Baseline interviews were performed within the first days of the stay. Information concerning the number of self-harm admissions to general hospitals over the subsequent 6 months was retrieved through linkage with the regional hospital registers. A censored regression analysis of hospital admissions for self-harm indicated significant associations with both PTSD (? = .21, p
Patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and substance use may have an earlier onset of illness compared to those without substance use. Most previous studies have, however, too small samples to control for confounding variables and the effect of specific types of substances. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between substance use and age at onset, in addition to the influence of possible confounders and specific substances, in a large and heterogeneous multisite sample of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.
The patients (N=1119) were recruited from catchment areas in Oslo, Stavanger and Bergen, Norway, diagnosed according to DSM-IV and screened for substance use history. Linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between substance use and age at onset of illness.
Patients with substance use (n=627) had about 3years earlier age at onset (23.0years; SD 7.1) than the abstinent group (n=492; 25.9years; SD 9.7). Only cannabis use was statistically significantly related to earlier age at onset. Gender or family history of psychosis did not influence the results.
Cannabis use is associated with 3years earlier onset of psychosis.
Purpose The general outlook for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in first remission is important information for patients and for planning post-treatment follow-up. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival of patients with DLBCL in remission compared with a matched general population. Methods A total of 1,621 patients from the Danish Lymphoma Registry who were newly diagnosed with DLBCL between 2003 and 2011 were included in this study. All patients were = 16 years of age at diagnosis and had achieved complete remission or complete remission unconfirmed after first-line rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) or R-CHOP-like therapy. Results The 5-year post-treatment DLBCL survival was inferior to survival in the matched general population (78%; 95% CI, 76 to 80; v 87%; standardized mortality ratio, 1.75; P
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT (PET/CT) is the current state-of-the-art in the staging of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and has a high sensitivity for extranodal involvement. Therefore, reassessment of extranodal involvement and the current prognostic indices in the PET/CT era is warranted. We screened patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL seen at the academic centers of Aalborg, Copenhagen, and British Columbia for eligibility. Patients that had been staged with PET/CT and treated with R-CHOP(-like) 1(st) line treatment were retrospectively included. In total 443 patients met the inclusion criteria. With a median follow-up of 2.4 years, the 3-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 73% and 69%, respectively. The Ann Arbor classification had no prognostic impact in itself with the exception of stage IV disease (HR 2.14 for PFS, P2 extranodal sites, including HR 7.81 (P?3 sites. Bone/bone marrow involvement was the most commonly involved extranodal site identified by PET/CT (29%) and was associated with an inferior PFS and OS. The IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI were predictive of PFS and OS, and the two latter could identify a very good prognostic subgroup with 3-year PFS and OS of 100%. PET/CT-ascertained extranodal involvement in DLBCL is common and involvement of >2 extranodal sites is associated with a dismal outcome. The IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI predict outcome with high accuracy.
Routine imaging for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in first complete remission (CR) is controversial and plays a limited role in detecting relapse. This population-based study compared the survival of Danish and Swedish patients with DLBCL for whom traditions for routine imaging have been different.
Patients from the Danish and Swedish lymphoma registries were included according to the following criteria: newly diagnosed DLBCL from 2007 to 2012, age 18 to 65 years, and CR after R-CHOP/CHOEP. Follow-up for Swedish patients included symptom assessment, clinical examinations, and blood tests at 3- to 4-month intervals for 2 years, with longer intervals later in follow-up. Imaging was only recommended when relapse was clinically suspected. Follow-up for Danish patients was similar but included routine imaging (usually computed tomography every 6 months for 2 years).
Danish (n = 525) and Swedish (n = 696) patients with DLBCL had comparable baseline characteristics. Cumulative 2-year progression rate after CR was 6% (95% CI, 4 to 9) for International Prognostic Index (IPI) = 2 versus 21% (95% CI, 13 to 28) for IPI > 2. Age > 60 years (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3; 95% CI, 1.6 to 3.4), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.4 to 3.8), B symptoms (HR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.5), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status = 2 (HR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0 to 3.0) were associated with worse post-CR survival. Imaging-based follow-up strategy had no impact on survival, neither for all patients nor for IPI-specific subgroups.
DLBCL relapse after first CR is infrequent, and the widespread use of routine imaging in Denmark did not translate into better survival. This favors follow-up without routine imaging and, more generally, a shift of focus from relapse detection to improved survivorship.
Comment In: J Clin Oncol. 2015 Dec 1;33(34):3983-426438116
Background: As a result of deinstitutionalization of psychiatric treatment and care, many people with severe mental illness have been offered supported accommodation. However, research on this costly intervention in Norway has been scarce. Aims: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the clinical and demographic factors associated with allocation to supported accommodation for people with schizophrenia. Methods: The study was a prospective cohort study of 334 people with schizophrenia acutely admitted to Haukeland University Hospital between 2005 and 2010. Information concerning allocation to supported accommodation in their residential municipalities was collected retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate statistical methods were used to assess the association of clinical and demographical variables with allocation to supported accommodation. Results: Supported accommodation was allocated to 29.6% of the participants during the study period. Age, gender, implementation of compulsory mental health care, substance abuse, symptom burden and suicidality were not associated with allocation to supported accommodation. Functional impairment, especially difficulties with activities of daily living, experiencing exacerbation in the course of chronic disease, being medicated and of Norwegian origin, favoured supported accommodation. Conclusions: Our results supported the hypothesis that people with severe mental illness presenting the greatest need for supported accommodation, based on functional difficulties and exacerbation of chronic disease were allocated supported accommodation. Symptom burden was not associated with allocation. Clinical implications: Further research is needed to examine the impact of supported accommodation on the outcomes for people with schizophrenia.