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Community- and population-level changes in diatom size structure in a subarctic lake over the last two centuries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264540
Source
PeerJ. 2015;3:e1074
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Elizabeth A Kerrigan
Andrew J Irwin
Zoe V Finkel
Source
PeerJ. 2015;3:e1074
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Climate change over the last two centuries has been associated with significant shifts in diatom community structure in lakes from the high arctic to temperate latitudes. To test the hypotheses that recent climate warming selects for species of smaller size within communities and a decrease in the average size of species within populations, we quantified the size of individual diatom valves from 10 depths in a sediment core covering the last ~200 years from a pristine subarctic lake. Over the last ~200 years, changes in the relative abundance of species of different average size and changes in the average valve size of populations of species contribute equally to the changes in community size structure, but are often opposite in sign, compensating for one another and moderating temporal changes in community size structure. In the surface sediments that correspond to the recent decades when air temperatures have warmed, the mean size of valves in the diatom community has significantly decreased due to an increase in the proportion of smaller-sized planktonic diatom species.
PubMed ID
26157637 View in PubMed
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