To assess the psychometric characteristics of the Icelandic European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer IN-PATSAT32 (EORTC IN-PATSAT32) version and to compare satisfaction with care between gender and different age groups.
The majority of patients with cancer receive either chemotherapy or radiotherapy on an outpatient basis. There is a need to evaluate satisfaction with care and service for these patients using reliable and valid instruments.
Cross-sectional comparative study.
Participants (n=217) who received treatment for cancer as outpatients answered the EORTC IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire. Participants were 22-91 years old and 57% of them were female.
Overall high satisfaction was found with communication, information and care that patients receive from doctors and nurses. Principal component analysis extracted four factors: 'satisfaction with nurses' conduct', 'satisfaction with doctors' conduct', 'satisfaction with information' and 'satisfaction with service and care organisation'. Patients were most satisfied with nurses' conduct but least satisfied with service and care organisation. Cronbach's alpha for the four factors ranged from 0·95-0·67.
Although the validity of this instrument including its sensitivity to patients' level of dissatisfaction as well as satisfaction with care and service was evident, this needs to be further explored in future studies. The psychometric strengths of the EORTC IN-PATSAT32 are its internal consistency and its construct validity, but there are several issues indicating a need to change and develop the instrument and specifically adopting it to outpatient care.
Outpatient treatment options offered to cancer patients have increased, and this calls for knowledge of their satisfaction with care and service. Sparse studies are available, and there is a need for further development of reliable instruments. Our study indicates that outpatients with cancer are quite satisfied with the care they receive. Findings may contribute to improvement in outpatients' clinics that provide treatment to patients with cancer.
To study how selected indicators of socioeconomic status and urban-rural residency associate with medication use in form of number of daily medications, polypharmacy, and medication use according to Anatomic Therapeutic Classification (ATC) system.
Cross-sectional, population-based study among older community-dwelling Icelanders. Criteria for participation were: age =65 years, community-dwelling, and able to communicate verbally and to set up a time for a face-to-face interview. Information on medication use was obtained by interviews and by examining each person's medication record. Medications were categorised according to ATC system. A questionnaire and the physical and mental health summary scales of SF-36 Health Survey were used to assess potential influential factors associated with medication use.
On average, participants (n=186) used 3.9 medications, and the prevalence of polypharmacy was 41%. No indicators of socioeconomic status had significant association to any aspects of medication use. Compared to urban residents, rural residents had more diagnosed diseases, were less likely to live alone, were less likely to report having adequate income, and had fewer years of education. Controlling for these differences, urban people were more likely to use medication from the B and C categories. Moreover, older urban men, with worse physical health, and greater number of diagnosed diseases used more medications from the B category.
There are unexplained regional differences in medications use, from categories B and C, by older Icelanders. Further studies are needed on why urban residents used equal number of medications, or even more medications, compared to rural residents, despite better socioeconomic status and fewer diagnosed diseases.