Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

From Visions to Practical Policy: The Universal Design Journey in Norway. What Did We Learn? What Did We Gain? What Now?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282107
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;229:43-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Einar Lund
Olav Rand Bringa
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;229:43-52
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Architectural Accessibility
Concept Formation
Norway
Organizational Case Studies
Policy Making
Abstract
The national policy in Norway have since the last part of the 1990-ies been organized in programs that erected actions including national authorities, municipalities, regional authorities and private enterprises. What have we gained by our national activities to mainstream inclusive and accessibility policy for persons with reduced capability through the principles of Universal Design? Have we made society accessible to everyone and prevented discrimination. Are the results visible? We can measure results on several sectors, inter alia public buildings, outdoor areas, central communication hubs, public transport and the occurrence plans for Universal Design in municipalities and regions. Through several programs and action plans the Norwegian government has developed a sectoral approach for including persons with disabilities in the society. The majority of ministries have participated in these plans. Local initiatives, local councils for disabled people, and later on municipalities and county administrations were supported by national authorities as complements to regulations and laws. In addition, guidelines and assisting funds were used. The main objective was to redefine the national policy, using better defined national goals and introducing Universal Design to replace accessibility as the basic tool. The mainstreaming of the accessibility policy, where Universal Design was included in relevant sectors and activities, was a crucial part of the strategy. The national policy was organized in programs that erected actions focusing on how to reach, inspire and include municipalities and regional authorities in their own struggle for Universal Design. Through the mainstream approach ministries have both earmarked economic transfers to their own agencies and used steering documents guide to these agencies how to implement Universal Design in their advisory services, in practicing laws and regulations and in their own planning and building activities.
PubMed ID
27534285 View in PubMed
Less detail

Local and Regional Authorities as Resources for Implementing Universal Design Policy in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282106
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;229:63-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Einar Lund
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;229:63-8
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Architectural Accessibility
Disabled Persons
Guideline Adherence
Humans
Local Government
Norway
Social Discrimination - prevention & control
Abstract
The municipalities and regional authorities are in general resources for achieving national goals. Their management and works are crucial to the development and implementation of Universal Design. Through several programmes, national authorities have worked for activating the local and regional levels. The results are visible. We can see a long-term national strategy to help make society accessible to everyone and prevent discrimination. Participating municipalities and regional authorities are now able to create their own policy and strategies and implement solutions. The national programs have involved interested and motivated municipalities. All the 18 counties in Norway have been involved more or less in different periods and the same with up to a third of the about good 400 municipalities.
PubMed ID
27534287 View in PubMed
Less detail