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22 records – page 1 of 3.

A 2-year follow-up of involuntary admission's influence upon adherence and outcome in first-episode psychosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145997
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 May;121(5):371-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2010
Author
S. Opjordsmoen
S. Friis
I. Melle
U. Haahr
J O Johannessen
T K Larsen
J I Røssberg
B R Rund
E. Simonsen
P. Vaglum
T H McGlashan
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål and Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway. o.s.e.ilner@medisin.uio.no
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 May;121(5):371-6
Date
May-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Combined Modality Therapy
Commitment of Mentally Ill
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Norway
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Patient Compliance - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychotherapy - statistics & numerical data
Psychotic Disorders - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
To see, if voluntary admission for treatment in first-episode psychosis results in better adherence to treatment and more favourable outcome than involuntary admission.
We compared consecutively first-admitted, hospitalised patients from a voluntary (n = 91) with an involuntary (n = 126) group as to psychopathology and functioning using Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Global Assessment of Functioning Scales at baseline, after 3 months and at 2 year follow-up. Moreover, duration of supportive psychotherapy, medication and number of hospitalisations during the 2 years were measured.
More women than men were admitted involuntarily. Voluntary patients had less psychopathology and better functioning than involuntary patients at baseline. No significant difference as to duration of psychotherapy and medication between groups was found. No significant difference was found as to psychopathology and functioning between voluntarily and involuntarily admitted patients at follow-up.
Legal admission status per se did not seem to influence treatment adherence and outcome.
PubMed ID
20085554 View in PubMed
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[Acute psychiatric help to victims of the train accident at the Dybbølsbro Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59692
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Nov 18;153(47):3331-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-18-1991

Aland eye disease (Forsius-Eriksson-Miyake syndrome) with probability established in a Danish family.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51305
Source
Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh). 1990 Jun;68(3):281-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1990
Author
T. Rosenberg
M. Schwartz
S E Simonsen
Author Affiliation
National Eye Clinic for the Visually Impaired, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh). 1990 Jun;68(3):281-91
Date
Jun-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Dark Adaptation
Denmark
Electroretinography
Female
Fundus Oculi
Heterozygote Detection
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myopia - complications - congenital - genetics
Night Blindness - complications - congenital - genetics
Nystagmus, Pathologic - complications - congenital - genetics
Pedigree
Photoreceptors - physiopathology
Pigmentation
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retinal Diseases - congenital - diagnosis - genetics
Sex Chromosome Aberrations
Syndrome
Visual acuity
X Chromosome
Abstract
A reinvestigation of a Danish family with X-linked inherited congenital nystagmus through 6 generations revealed a congenital stationary retinal dysfunction syndrome with characteristics of both incomplete congenital stationary night blindness and Aland Eye Disease. In spite of rather uniform electrophysiological findings in our patients, this retinal disorder which affects both cones and rods demonstrated considerable intrafamilial diversity with respect to visual acuity, nystagmus, refractive state and fundus pigmentation.
PubMed ID
2392903 View in PubMed
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Choriocarcinoma presenting with cerebral metastases after full-term pregnancy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25391
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1990;69(5):433-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
K. Pihl
H. Malmström
E. Simonsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1990;69(5):433-5
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Brain Neoplasms - secondary
Choriocarcinoma - drug therapy - epidemiology - secondary
Chorionic Gonadotropin - blood
Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human
Cyclophosphamide - administration & dosage
Dactinomycin - administration & dosage
Female
Humans
Leucovorin - administration & dosage
Methotrexate - administration & dosage
Peptide Fragments - blood
Pregnancy
Sweden - epidemiology
Uterine Neoplasms - drug therapy - epidemiology - pathology
Abstract
Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignancy in Scandinavia. We present a case of a young primigravida who experienced an uneventful pregnancy and gave birth to a healthy baby. Six days after delivery she underwent neurosurgery for intracranial hemorrhage. Pathological examination of the evacuated hematoma revealed metastatic choriocarcinoma. Further work-up exposed additional metastases in the lungs and liver. The initial serum level of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-HCG) was 350,000 IU/I. Chemotherapy was given both intravenously and intrathecally. At 10 weeks, beta-HCG had returned to normal. Treatment was continued for another 10 weeks. Two years after cessation of therapy the patient is still in complete remission. In the discussion we review a scoring system to be used in selecting the mode of treatment, and briefly mention diagnosis and prognosis.
PubMed ID
1702921 View in PubMed
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Clinical epidemiologic first-episode psychosis: 1-year outcome and predictors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163098
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Jul;116(1):54-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2007
Author
E. Simonsen
S. Friis
U. Haahr
J O Johannessen
T K Larsen
I. Melle
S. Opjordsmoen
B R Rund
P. Vaglum
T. McGlashan
Author Affiliation
Roskilde Psychiatric University Hospital Fjorden, Roskilde, Denmark. rfes@ra.dk
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Jul;116(1):54-61
Date
Jul-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Affect
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - epidemiology
Remission Induction
Schizophrenia - drug therapy - epidemiology
Social Behavior
Abstract
To describe 1-year outcome in a large clinical epidemiologic sample of first-episode psychosis and its predictors.
A total of 301 patients with first-episode psychosis from four healthcare sectors in Norway and Denmark receiving common assessments and standardized treatment were evaluated at baseline, at 3 months, and at 1 year.
Substantial clinical and social improvements occurred within the first 3 months. At 1-year 66% were in remission, 11% in relapse, and 23% continuously psychotic. Female gender and better premorbid functioning were predictive of less severe negative symptoms. Shorter DUP was predictive for shorter time to remission, stable remission, less severe positive symptoms, and better social functioning. Female gender, better premorbid social functioning and more education also contributed to a better social functioning.
This first-episode sample, being well treated, may be typical of the early course of schizophrenia in contemporary centers.
PubMed ID
17559601 View in PubMed
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Combining modelling tools to evaluate a goose management scheme.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280772
Source
Ambio. 2017 Mar;46(Suppl 2):210-223
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2017
Author
Johannes M Baveco
Anne-Kari Bergjord
Jarle W Bjerke
Magda E Chudzinska
Loïc Pellissier
Caroline E Simonsen
Jesper Madsen
Ingunn M Tombre
Bart A Nolet
Source
Ambio. 2017 Mar;46(Suppl 2):210-223
Date
Mar-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture - methods
Animals
Conservation of Natural Resources
Geese - physiology
Models, Biological
Norway
Population Density
Seasons
Weather
Abstract
Many goose species feed on agricultural land, and with growing goose numbers, conflicts with agriculture are increasing. One possible solution is to designate refuge areas where farmers are paid to leave geese undisturbed. Here, we present a generic modelling tool that can be used to designate the best locations for refuges and to gauge the area needed to accommodate the geese. With a species distribution model, locations are ranked according to goose suitability. The size of the area to be designated as refuge can be chosen by including more or less suitable locations. A resource depletion model is then used to estimate whether enough resources are available within the designated refuge to accommodate all geese, taking into account the dynamics of food resources, including depletion by geese. We illustrate this with the management scheme for pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus implemented in Norway. Here, all geese can be accommodated, but damage levels appear to depend on weather, land use and refuge size.
Notes
Cites: Ambio. 2014 Oct;43(6):801-924668579
Cites: Proc Biol Sci. 2001 Feb 22;268(1465):369-7611270433
Cites: Glob Ecol Biogeogr. 2013 Aug 1;22(8):933-94124790524
Cites: Poult Sci. 2005 Jul;84(7):1069-7616050124
Cites: PLoS One. 2013 Aug 20;8(8):e7191223977175
Cites: Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2016 Mar 4;:null26946181
PubMed ID
28215007 View in PubMed
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A Community Needs Assessment of Urban Utah American Indians and Alaska Natives.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature292556
Source
J Community Health. 2018 Jun 25; :
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jun-25-2018
Author
Tazlina R Mannix
Sharon D Austin
Jami L Baayd
Sara E Simonsen
Author Affiliation
State of Alaska, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Anchorage, AK, USA.
Source
J Community Health. 2018 Jun 25; :
Date
Jun-25-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The needs of Urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations are often not well understood. In order to inform programs and services, the Urban Indian Center of Salt Lake (UIC-SL), in cooperation with researchers from the University of Utah, undertook a community needs assessment of AI/AN living along Utah's Wasatch Front. A 60-item questionnaire was developed to capture information about health status, services used, unmet needs, and common sources of information about AI/AN community events and activities. Study participants (n?=?336) were a convenience sample. Descriptive statistics, including mean, standard deviation, percentage, and 95% confidence intervals, were calculated. The most common health provider diagnosed medical conditions included hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. The prevalence of violence, substance abuse, and mental health conditions were also high among study participants and their families. Compared to the general Utah population, study participants experienced disparities relative to diabetes prevalence, cognitive and visual disabilities, and access to health care. In addition to health care services, respondents indicated a need for cultural, social, and educational programs. They also reported high levels of technology use, suggesting a possible avenue for communicating with this population. This community-based participatory research project provided rich information about the unmet needs of this urban AI/AN population. The results will be used to guide UIC-SL strategic planning, and a database created for this project will be available for future data collection, allowing for comparison of results between sites and over time.
PubMed ID
29938368 View in PubMed
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[Compulsory admission for treatment--an interview study of patients. 1. Admission procedure, use of restraint and treatment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223570
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 22;154(26):1831-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-22-1992
Author
E. Simonsen
Author Affiliation
Afdeling R. Københavns Amts Sygehus Nordvang, Glostrup.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 22;154(26):1831-4
Date
Jun-22-1992
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Commitment of Mentally Ill - statistics & numerical data
Denmark
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology - therapy
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Prognosis
Questionnaires
Restraint, Physical - psychology
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Forty-three patients committed for treatment in Copenhagen county were interviewed on their discharge from hospital. Half of the patients felt better after hospitalization, while one fourth of the patients were dissatisfied. Food, changes in housing and human contact were given as examples of the positive outcome. One half of the patients were given compulsory medication and one fourth were physically restrained. The patients experienced many adverse effects of the medication. It is recommended, that psychiatrists are involved to a higher degree in evaluation and treatment before decisions for compulsory hospitalization are taken. Investigations are needed to find predictors for a positive outcome in involuntary hospitalization. Unnecessary hospitalization should be avoided in order not to harm the patient-doctor relationship.
PubMed ID
1509537 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Compulsory admission for treatment--an interview study of patients. 2. Rights, guardianship and attitudes to commitment]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73472
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 22;154(26):1835-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-22-1992
Author
E. Simonsen
Author Affiliation
Glostrup, Afdeling R. Københavns Amts Sygehus Nordvang.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 22;154(26):1835-8
Date
Jun-22-1992
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Attitude to Health
Commitment of Mentally Ill - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Denmark
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Informed consent
Male
Mental Competency
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Patient Advocacy - legislation & jurisprudence
Questionnaires
Abstract
Forty-three patients committed for treatment in Copenhagen County were interviewed about their rights, protection of rights and consequences of the commitment. Very few patients felt they had been properly informed about their rights and they knew very little about how to complain to the authorities about their commitment. Attorneys were found to have too little competence and insufficient training, and patients felt insecure about their attorneys' role. One forth of the patients agreed that they had to be committed, while one forth never accepted their commitment. Difficulties in giving information to the psychotic patient with disturbances in cognition and on unrealistic way of thinking are discussed. It is concluded, that there is a need to strengthen patients' rights, but not at the expense of the possibility of delay in administering treatment.
PubMed ID
1509538 View in PubMed
Less detail

Death rate and recurrence pattern among 841 clinical stage I endometrial cancer patients with special reference to uterine papillary serous carcinoma.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23861
Source
Gynecol Oncol. 1993 Dec;51(3):311-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993
Author
P. Rosenberg
R. Blom
T. Högberg
E. Simonsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Gynecol Oncol. 1993 Dec;51(3):311-5
Date
Dec-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenocarcinoma - epidemiology - mortality
Comparative Study
Cystadenocarcinoma, Papillary - epidemiology - mortality
Endometrial Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Female
Humans
Incidence
Neoplasm Staging
Recurrence
Survival Rate
Sweden - epidemiology
Uterine Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Abstract
Eight hundred thirty-nine clinical stage I endometrial carcinoma patients diagnosed between 1979 and 1988 were treated at the University Hospital in Linköping. Forty-two (5%) had uterine papillary serous carcinoma of which 52% died of their disease. The recurrence rate, defined as new evidence of disease 6 months or more after termination of the initial treatment, was 31% among the UPSC patients compared to 6% in the non-UPSC group. The site of recurrence also differed significantly between the two groups, with the abdomen as the most common site among UPSC patients (46%) and the vagina (34%) among the ordinary adenocarcinoma patients. All UPSC patients with recurrence died of their malignancy compared to 61% of the ordinary adenocarcinoma patients. Ninety percent of isolated vaginal recurrences in ordinary adenocarcinoma patients (17) were diagnosed at a scheduled outpatient checkup. Of these, 13 are alive with no known disease after treatment.
PubMed ID
8112638 View in PubMed
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22 records – page 1 of 3.