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8 records – page 1 of 1.

[First municipal sanitary stations in Russia: history and main activities (to the 125th anniversary since foundation)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290337
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):187-9
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Author
E V Sherstneva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):187-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Keywords
Anniversaries and Special Events
Food Inspection - history
History, 19th Century
Humans
Public Health - history
Public Health Administration - history
Russia
Urban Health - history
Water Supply - history
Abstract
First municipal sanitary stations in Russia were founded in 1891 in the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. They were financed by municipal public self-governments. With performing essential laboratory tests and studies, stations were an important element of the organization of sanitary inspection in cities. In the article there is considered the history of the creation offirst sanitary stations and main directions of their activity: control in the sphere offood trade and in the sphere of municipal water supply.
PubMed ID
29446608 View in PubMed
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[The activities of the sanitary organizations of cities of Russia in the area of water-supply and sewerage system (late XIX -- early XX centuries)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160918
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2007 Jul-Aug;(4):50-4
Publication Type
Article

[THE IMPROVEMENT OF CITIES AND SANITARY CONTROL IN RUSSIA IN LATE XIX--EARLY XX CENTURIES].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267004
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2015 Mar-Apr;23(2):52-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
E V Sherstneva
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2015 Mar-Apr;23(2):52-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities - history - legislation & jurisprudence
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Russia
Sanitation - history - legislation & jurisprudence
Abstract
The article considers activity of municipal self-governments of Russia concerning support of sanitary epidemiological well-being of cities in the late XIX--early XX centuries. The acuteness of problem of sanitary conditions of urban settlements particularly became visible in post-reform period due to increasing of number of urban population, alteration of setup and rhythm of life in cities, appearance of new forms of worker's daily chores. Al this, against the background of underdevelopment of communal sphere aggravated epidemiological situation in cities. The impulse to improvement and development of sanitary control was made by the city regulations of 1870 presenting to town authorities the right to deal with sanitary issues. The significant input into improvement of cities was made first of all at the expense of construction of water supplies and sewerage and support of sanitary control of these spheres of municipal economy. Under town councils of many cities the sanitary commissions were organized to support permanent sanitary control in town. The development of town sanitation followed the way of specialization. The housing and communal, trade and food, school and sanitary and sanitary and veterinary control were organized.
PubMed ID
26399074 View in PubMed
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[The Narkomzdrav of the Russian Socialist Federal Republic Organizational Input into Struggle with Social Diseases During 1920s].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297851
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2018 Jul; 26(4):243-246
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Date
Jul-2018
Author
I V Egorysheva
E V Sherstneva
Author Affiliation
The Federal State Budget Scientific Institution "N.A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health", Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia, Astrakhan, 414045, Russia, egorysheva@rambler.ru.
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2018 Jul; 26(4):243-246
Date
Jul-2018
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Keywords
Delivery of Health Care - history
Disease
History, 20th Century
Preventive Medicine
Russia
Social Conditions
Abstract
The organizational input into struggle with social diseases became one of priority directions of functioning of the Narkomzdrav of the Russian Socialist Federal Republic during 1920s. The legal foundation base was developed. The network of medical organizations was organized. The scientific research and education activities were implemented.
PubMed ID
30365277 View in PubMed
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[The organization of industrial production of penicillin in the USSR].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature306249
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2020 Mar; 28(2):320-325
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Mar-2020
Author
E V Sherstneva
Author Affiliation
N. A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health, 105064, Moscow, Russia, lena_scherstneva@mail.ru.
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2020 Mar; 28(2):320-325
Date
Mar-2020
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Humans
Industry - organization & administration
Penicillins - chemical synthesis
Russia
USSR
Abstract
The article on the basis of analysis of declassified materials of the State Archive of the Russian Federation covers the history of the organization of industrial production of penicillin in the USSR in second half of the 1940s. The analysis of the documents demonstrated that existed huge gap between health needs of the antibiotic and actual quantity of its production by the end of 1945. This raised the question of organizing its large-scale production. The Soviet Government tried to solve the problem in the least expensive way i.e. through using available industrial areas for the development of penicillin production, refusing to buy ready-made penicillin plants abroad, maximal application of resources of international organizations. The problem of mastering advanced technologies of antibiotic production, as well as development of national equipment for penicillin plants was mainly solved through efforts of intelligence service activities. Due to organizational, technological, foreign policy causes, the development of new penicillin plants was delayed for a long time. The amounts of penicillin production by existing enterprises did not cover the needs of health care in the antibiotic.
PubMed ID
32306592 View in PubMed
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[The organization of the sanitary food inspectorate in Russian cities in the late XIX--early XX centuries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156007
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;(1):60-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
E V Sherstneva
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;(1):60-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Food Inspection - history
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Russia
Sanitation - history
Urban Health - history
PubMed ID
18649697 View in PubMed
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[The problem of initial stage of mass production of penicillin in the USSR].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature306730
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2020 Jan; 28(1):152-157
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2020
Author
E V Sherstneva
Author Affiliation
N. A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health, 105064, Moscow, Russia, lena_scherstneva@mail.ru.
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2020 Jan; 28(1):152-157
Date
Jan-2020
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Historical Article
Journal Article
Keywords
Academies and Institutes
Fermentation
History, 20th Century
Moscow
Penicillins - history
Russia
USSR
Abstract
The article analyzes the problems of initial stage of mass production of penicillin in the USSR on the basis of documents of the State archive of the Russian Federation. The analysis covered declassified documents of the funds of the Narkomzdrav of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the A. M. Gorky All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine (VIEM). The secret correspondence of the People's Commissar of Health Care with the Government, with the Head of the Department of Biochemistry of Microbes and experimental production laboratory of VIEM Z. V. Ermolieva, with Directors of plants for organization of production of penicillin is analyzed. The transcripts of meetings and orders of the People's Commissar of Health Care are considered. It is demonstrated that development of production facilities and provision of health care with antibiotics was an extremely difficult task. Its solution was complicated by many factors such as the inaccessibility of advanced methods of deep fermentation, general technological backwardness, organizational problems associated with specificity of management and public decision-making. It is established that during 1944 the main producer of penicillin was the laboratory of VIEM and serial production of penicillin at the Karpov enterprise and plant of endocrine drugs in Moscow began only in late 1944, and amount production was were extremily not enough. In this situation, in early 1945, G. A. Miterev, the People's Commissar of Health Care, raised the question of buying plants for the production of penicillin in the United States. However, the final decision was not taken by the government. The attempt to devote part of the resources of the Central Military Sanitary Department of the Red Army for ensuring public health with antibiotic failed. In 1945, enterprises of the People's Commissariat of Meat and Dairy Industry were involved in the production of penicillin. At all enterprises of the USSR in the end of 1945, production of antibiotic was carried out by surface fermentation and liquid penicillin was produced, except for the A. Mikoyan Moscow meat-packing plant, where the production of drug in dry form was established. The outdated technologies and limited scale of production determined lower productivity of enterprises, which did not allow to cover the needs of health care even approximately.
PubMed ID
32119226 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.