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Challenges to adaptation in northernmost Europe as a result of global climate change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143358
Source
Ambio. 2010 Feb;39(1):81-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2010
Author
Christer Nilsson
Roland Jansson
E Carina H Keskitalo
Tatiana Vlassova
Marja-Liisa Sutinen
Jon Moen
F Stuart Chapin
Author Affiliation
Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden. christer.nilsson@emg.umu.se
Source
Ambio. 2010 Feb;39(1):81-4
Date
Feb-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Arctic Regions
Climate change
Commerce
Conservation of Natural Resources
Europe
Finland
Geography
Humans
Norway
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
World Health
Notes
Cites: Ambio. 2006 Jun;35(4):198-20216944645
Cites: Ambio. 2006 Jun;35(4):176-8116944642
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1134:201-1218566095
Cites: Sci Am. 2007 Jun;296(6):4317663223
PubMed ID
20496656 View in PubMed
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"Generality of mis-fit"? The real-life difficulty of matching scales in an interconnected world.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279634
Source
Ambio. 2016 Oct;45(6):742-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
E Carina H Keskitalo
Tim Horstkotte
Sonja Kivinen
Bruce Forbes
Jukka Käyhkö
Source
Ambio. 2016 Oct;45(6):742-52
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animal Husbandry - methods - statistics & numerical data
Animals
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods - statistics & numerical data
Ecosystem
Finland
Forestry - methods - statistics & numerical data
Internationality
Models, Theoretical
Norway
Policy Making
Reindeer - growth & development
Social Environment
Sweden
Trees - growth & development
Abstract
A clear understanding of processes at multiple scales and levels is of special significance when conceiving strategies for human-environment interactions. However, understanding and application of the scale concept often differ between administrative-political and ecological disciplines. These mirror major differences in potential solutions whether and how scales can, at all, be made congruent. As a result, opportunities of seeking "goodness-of-fit" between different concepts of governance should perhaps be reconsidered in the light of a potential "generality of mis-fit." This article reviews the interdisciplinary considerations inherent in the concept of scale in its ecological, as well as administrative-political, significance and argues that issues of how to manage "mis-fit" should be awarded more emphasis in social-ecological research and management practices. These considerations are exemplified by the case of reindeer husbandry in Fennoscandia. Whilst an indigenous small-scale practice, reindeer husbandry involves multi-level ecological and administrative-political complexities-complexities that we argue may arise in any multi-level system.
PubMed ID
26939924 View in PubMed
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Possibility to implement invasive species control in Swedish forests.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276999
Source
Ambio. 2016 Feb;45 Suppl 2:214-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
Maria Pettersson
Caroline Strömberg
E Carina H Keskitalo
Source
Ambio. 2016 Feb;45 Suppl 2:214-22
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Policy - legislation & jurisprudence
Forestry - methods
Forests
Introduced Species - legislation & jurisprudence
Pest Control - legislation & jurisprudence
Sweden
Abstract
Invasive alien species constitute an increasing risk to forestry, as indeed to natural systems in general. This study reviews the legislative framework governing invasive species in the EU and Sweden, drawing upon both a legal analysis and interviews with main national level agencies responsible for implementing this framework. The study concludes that EU and Sweden are limited in how well they can act on invasive species, in particular because of the weak interpretation of the precautionary principle in the World Trade Organisation and Sanitary and Phytosanitary agreements. In the Swedish case, this interpretation also conflicts with the stronger interpretation of the precautionary principle under the Swedish Environmental Code, which could in itself provide for stronger possibilities to act on invasive species.
Notes
Cites: Ambio. 2016 Feb;45 Suppl 2:223-3426744056
Cites: Conserv Biol. 2007 Apr;21(2):329-3617391183
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Apr;1162:18-3819432643
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 May;1195:198-21220536824
PubMed ID
26744055 View in PubMed
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Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature277005
Source
Ambio. 2016 Feb;45 Suppl 2:124-39
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
Adam Felton
Urban Nilsson
Johan Sonesson
Annika M Felton
Jean-Michel Roberge
Thomas Ranius
Martin Ahlström
Johan Bergh
Christer Björkman
Johanna Boberg
Lars Drössler
Nils Fahlvik
Peichen Gong
Emma Holmström
E Carina H Keskitalo
Maartje J Klapwijk
Hjalmar Laudon
Tomas Lundmark
Mats Niklasson
Annika Nordin
Maria Pettersson
Jan Stenlid
Anna Sténs
Kristina Wallertz
Source
Ambio. 2016 Feb;45 Suppl 2:124-39
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Conservation of Natural Resources
Ecosystem
Fires
Forestry - methods
Pest Control
Sweden
Water Quality
Wind
Abstract
Whereas there is evidence that mixed-species approaches to production forestry in general can provide positive outcomes relative to monocultures, it is less clear to what extent multiple benefits can be derived from specific mixed-species alternatives. To provide such insights requires evaluations of an encompassing suite of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and forest management considerations provided by specific mixtures and monocultures within a region. Here, we conduct such an assessment in Sweden by contrasting even-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies)-dominated stands, with mixed-species stands of spruce and birch (Betula pendula or B. pubescens), or spruce and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). By synthesizing the available evidence, we identify positive outcomes from mixtures including increased biodiversity, water quality, esthetic and recreational values, as well as reduced stand vulnerability to pest and pathogen damage. However, some uncertainties and risks were projected to increase, highlighting the importance of conducting comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluations when assessing the pros and cons of mixtures.
Notes
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Cites: Nat Commun. 2013;4:134023299890
Cites: Q Rev Biol. 2014 Mar;89(1):1-1924672901
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Cites: Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2010 Nov;85(4):729-5520105153
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Cites: Ecol Lett. 2009 Dec;12(12):1394-40419845725
PubMed ID
26744048 View in PubMed
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Social network analysis of multi-level linkages: a Swedish case study on Northern Forest-Based sectors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature257801
Source
Ambio. 2014 Oct;43(6):745-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2014
Author
E Carina H Keskitalo
Julia Baird
Emmeline Laszlo Ambjörnsson
Ryan Plummer
Author Affiliation
Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden, Carina.Keskitalo@geography.umu.se.
Source
Ambio. 2014 Oct;43(6):745-58
Date
Oct-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Conservation of Natural Resources - legislation & jurisprudence
Ecosystem
Environmental Policy - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Social Support
Sweden
Abstract
Forest use in Northern Sweden is being influenced both by global trends and local situations. This results in interactions between numerous groups that may impact local forest governance. Social network analysis can here provide insight into the total pattern of positive, negative, and cross-level interactions within user group community structure (within and among groups). This study analyses interactions within selected renewable resource sectors in two northern Swedish municipalities, both with regard to whether they are positive, neutral, or negative, as well as with regard to how local actors relate to actors across levels, e.g., with regional, national, and international actors. The study illustrates that many interactions both within and outside a given sector are seen as neutral or positive, and that considerable interaction and impact are defined as national and in some cases even international. It also indicates that the impact of Sweden's only existing Model Forest may to some extent constitute a bridge between different sectors and levels, in comparison with the interactions between sectors in a municipality where such a cooperation mechanism does not exist.
Notes
Cites: Environ Manage. 2008 Oct;42(4):677-8718704565
PubMed ID
24570210 View in PubMed
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