The medical community, researchers and healthcare organizers are constantly challenged by comparing key indexes reflecting the effectiveness of cardiovascular care, primarily for the dynamic assessment and implementation of the world's best practices to reduce cardiovascular mortality. The analysis of health care for patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is a complex, multicomponent process, the structure and key tools of which differ from country to country. Using different data sources, methodological and analytical approaches creates certain limitations and barriers to the assessment. In order to update the ideas about the modern coordinate system and tools for assessing cardiovascular care, the authors presented practices for analyzing major indexes in Russia, European countries, and the United States. The review presents sources of statistical data, principles for assessing risk factors, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and specific features of monitoring the availability and quality of cardiovascular care.
Evaluate the effectiveness of multiplex reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction with fluorescence detection in real time mode (qPCR) methods for differential detection of 11 groups of intestine viruses (adenoviruses, enteroviruses, polioviruses, hepatitis A and E viruses, group A and C rotaviruses, orthoreoviruses, noroviruses, sapoviruses and astroviruses) in various biological samples.
Panels of virus isolates and clinical samples characterized by reference methods were used to evaluate sensitivity of detection of various intestine viruses. Nucleic acids were isolated from study samples and multiplex RT and qPCR were carried out.
Sensitivity of laboratory reagent kit (LRK) when compared with results obtained from reference methods was 100% for rotavirus A, adenovirus, enterovirus and norovirus, 88.9% for hepatitis E virus and 92.3% for hepatitis A virus, and diagnostic specificity - 99.4%. During analysis of 697 clinical samples from patients with acute intestine infection symptoms nucleic acids of various intestine viruses were isolated in 71.7%.
Multiplex qRT-PCR was shown as an effective method of etiologic diagnostics of an intestine viral infection. Use of LRK was demonstrated to establish etiology of intestine diseases in 63 - 72% and in children with watery diarrhea - in approximately 90% of cases.
Analysis of changes in dermatomycetes incidence in Bashkiria in 1979-1987 has shown the predominance of zoophilic fungi in the latest 9 years, while the share of anthroponotic fungi has made up but 8.6%. The major agent of dermatophytosis in the republic was Microsporum canis. The incidence of Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes v. gypzeune has grown of late, this necessitating the detection of new epidemiologic factors, contributing to dissemination of these mycoses and the development of appropriate prophylactic measures.