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Cognitive health in indigenous peoples.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155138
Source
Neurology. 2008 Nov 4;71(19):1466-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-4-2008
Author
David A Bennett
Source
Neurology. 2008 Nov 4;71(19):1466-7
Date
Nov-4-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cognition Disorders - epidemiology
Humans
Language
Mental health
Middle Aged
Population Groups
Notes
Comment On: Neurology. 2008 Nov 4;71(19):1470-318799785
PubMed ID
18799784 View in PubMed
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Independent and interactive impacts of hypertension and diabetes mellitus on verbal memory: A coordinated analysis of longitudinal data from England, Sweden, and the United States.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature281581
Source
Psychol Aging. 2016 05;31(3):262-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
05-2016
Author
Amanda Kelly
Matthew Calamia
Andrey Koval
Graciela Muniz Terrera
Andrea M Piccinin
Sean Clouston
Linda B Hassing
David A Bennett
Boo Johansson
Scott M Hofer
Source
Psychol Aging. 2016 05;31(3):262-73
Date
05-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging - physiology - psychology
Cognition - physiology
Cognition Disorders - epidemiology - physiopathology
Comorbidity
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - physiopathology
Disease Susceptibility
England - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - physiopathology
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Memory - physiology
Middle Aged
Risk
Sweden - epidemiology
United States - epidemiology
Verbal Behavior
Abstract
The importance of preventing and controlling hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) to mitigate risks to physical health has long been understood by health care professionals. More recently, a growing body of evidence implicates HTN and DM in age-related cognitive decline and risk for dementia, though consensus has yet to be reached on whether older adults living with comorbid HTN and DM are at heightened risk for cognitive impairment. The present study sought to contribute to this topic through a coordinated analysis of 3 longitudinal studies of aging from England, Sweden, and the United States (total N = 12,513). Identical multilevel linear growth models were fit to each to estimate the impact of baseline disease status on initial level and change in verbal declarative memory performance. Overall, few associations between HTN, DM, and cognition were observed. Rate of decline was steeper for Swedish participants with independent HTN but attenuated for their American counterparts. Americans with comorbid HTN and DM showed attenuated decline. Treatment with medication was substantially less prevalent in the earlier-born and lower-educated Swedish sample, which may help to explain our pattern of results. In addition, those living with multiple conditions may be more likely to receive treatment, mitigating cognitive decline. Our results present a nuanced view of the interactions between HTN, DM, and cognition, and lead us to recommend consideration of treatment status or proxies such as birth cohort and education, in combination with age at assessment and specific measure used to interpret research in this area. (PsycINFO Database Record
Notes
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PubMed ID
26913926 View in PubMed
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