OBJECTIVE: To test a hypothesis derived from observations in general practice that thyroid antibodies were associated with chronic widespread musculoskeletal complaints. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 40-42 year old men and women based on a self-administered questionnaire and on results of blood tests. SETTING: Sarpsborg municipality, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 737 men and 771 women who attended the National Health Screening Service's mobile unit in 1989 and answered the questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of detectable microsomal thyroid antibodies in persons with and without chronic widespread musculoskeletal complaints. RESULTS: The prevalence of thyroid microsomal antibodies was significantly higher in persons with than without chronic widespread musculoskeletal complaints (16.0% versus 7.3%, p
It has been suggested that childhood pain could be the beginning of a career with chronic disabling pain. Bodily pain is frequent in children. We examined the association between self-reported bodily pain, mental distress and sleep problems in schoolchildren to test the following hypotheses: (i) that self-reported bodily pain is associated with mental distress and sleep problems, (ii) that the association is dependent on the localization of pain, and (iii) that the association increases with number of painful areas. Eighty-six percent of the pupils (569) in the 4th form (mean age 10.5 y), 7th form (mean age 13.5 y) and 9th form (mean age 15.5 y) from all the schools in a local community answered a questionnaire about self-esteem, body-image, physical activity and bodily pain. We found a strong association between the reporting of pain, mental distress and sleep problems. Pain in the knees was the only problem reported more frequently by boys than by girls, and knee pain did not show the same association with mental distress and sleep problems as pain from other regions. CONCLUSIONS: A possible cause-effect relationship between pain, mental distress and sleep problems is discussed, and the possibility that all the complaints are the simultaneous signs of a multisymptom syndrome is introduced.
General practitioners (GPs) report sickness absence certification as challenging. They express need for support with functional assessment beyond guidelines and reforms. Case-specific collegial one-to-one guidance for other clinical topics has proved popular with GPs and may be an acceptable and effective way to improve GPs skills and competence in sickness absence certification.
To present a new model of case-specific colleague guidance focusing on the management of long-term sickness absence and to describe its feasibility in terms of application and reception among GPs, and also GPs' self-reports of effects on their practice.
Randomly selected GPs received case-specific collegial guidance over a 12-month period, in two Norwegian trials, delivered by former GPs employed by the social security administration. We measured reception and perceived effects by GPs' self-report and registered participation and withdrawal rates.
The participation rate (n = 165) was 94%, and no GPs withdrew during training. Among the 116 GPs responding to the survey (70%), 112 (97%; 95% CI 92-99) stated they would recommend it to their colleagues. Considerable benefit from the guidance was reported by 68 (59%; 95% CI 50-68). The GPs self-reported other effects on their sickness absence certification, specifically an increased use of part-time sickness absence (Fit-Note equivalent).
This model of case-specific colleague guidance to aid GPs' management of long-term sickness absence is feasible and was popular. This type of guidance was perceived by GPs to be somewhat beneficial and to alter their sickness absence certification behaviour, though the true impact requires further testing in controlled trials.
Body pain is frequently reported in children, and it has been suggested that childhood pain could be the beginning of chronic disabling pain. Three hypotheses were tested: 1. Body pain is associated with mental distress and sleeping problems; 2. The association is dependent on the localisation of the pain; 3. The association increases with the number of painful areas. 86 percent of the pupils (569) in the 4th form (mean age 10.5 years), 7th form (mean age 13.5 years) and 9th form (mean age 15.5 years) from all the schools in a local community answered a questionnaire about self esteem, body image, physical activity and body pain. A strong association was found between the reporting of pain, mental distress and sleeping problems. Knee pain was the only problem reported more frequently by boys than by girls, and did not show the same association with mental distress and sleeping problems as pain from other regions.