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Like parent, like child? Dietary resemblance in families.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296566
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018 07 03; 15(1):62
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
07-03-2018
Author
Henna Vepsäläinen
Jaakko Nevalainen
Mikael Fogelholm
Liisa Korkalo
Eva Roos
Carola Ray
Maijaliisa Erkkola
Author Affiliation
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland. henna.vepsalainen@helsinki.fi.
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018 07 03; 15(1):62
Date
07-03-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Child
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Diet Surveys
Family Characteristics
Fathers
Feeding Behavior
Female
Finland
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Meals
Mothers
Parenting
Parents
Abstract
Studies investigating dietary resemblance between parents and their children have gained mixed results, and the resemblance seems to vary across nutrients, foods, dietary-assessment tools used, and parent-child pairs. We investigated parent-child dietary resemblance using a novel approach in applying statistical analysis, which allowed the comparison of 'whole-diet' between parents and their children. Additionally, we sought to establish whether sociodemographic factors or family meals were associated with dietary resemblance and whether parent-child dietary resemblance was dependent on the parent providing food consumption data on behalf of the child (father or mother, "the respondent").
The DAGIS study investigated health behaviors among Finnish preschoolers using a cross-sectional design. One parent filled in a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) measuring the child's food consumption outside preschool hours during the last week. In addition, we instructed both parents or legal guardians, should the child have two, to fill in a similar FFQ regarding their own food use. Parents also reported their educational level, the number of children living in the same household, and the number of family meals. As a measure of dietary resemblance between a parent and a child, we computed Spearman correlations ranging mostly from no resemblance (0) to complete resemblance (+?1) between parent-child pairs over the 'whole-diet' (excluding preschool hours). These resemblance measures were further investigated using linear mixed models.
We obtained 665 father-child and 798 mother-child resemblance measures. Mother-child resemblance was on average 0.57 and stronger than father-child resemblance (0.50, p?
PubMed ID
29970093 View in PubMed
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