Skip header and navigation

Refine By

10 records – page 1 of 1.

Avoidable colorectal cancer cases in Denmark - The impact of red and processed meat.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299182
Source
Cancer Epidemiol. 2018 08; 55:1-7
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
08-2018
Author
Sofia Lourenço
Vibeke Berglund Gunge
Therese M-L Andersson
Camilla Liv Erthmann Andersen
Anne-Sofie Q Lund
Brian Køster
Gitte Laub Hansen
Author Affiliation
Department of Cancer Prevention and Information, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: soflou@cancer.dk.
Source
Cancer Epidemiol. 2018 08; 55:1-7
Date
08-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Colorectal Neoplasms - epidemiology
Denmark - epidemiology
Diet - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Meat - adverse effects
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Risk
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Abstract
High red and processed meat intakes are associated with increased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. The effect of eliminating or reducing red and processed meat consumption on CRC burden was not previously quantified in Denmark. The aim of this study was to calculate the possible effects of reductions in red and processed meat consumption on future CRC incidence in the Danish adult population.
Under six scenarios of prevalence exposure (meat consumption) the number of CRC cases in Denmark for a 30-year period (2016-2045) was estimated and compared to the projected number of CRCs if the prevalence of meat consumption remains constant. Data was obtained from the NORDCAN register, Statistics Denmark, and from the Danish dietary survey data (DANSDA). Analyses were conducted using the Prevent model.
During the 30-year period, a total of 36,767 (19.8%) CRC cases out of 185,937 expected could be avoided in Denmark by eliminating the consumption of both red and processed meat. For the same period, a modest reduction in both red and processed meat consumption could lead to the prevention of 16,964 (9.1%) CRC cases. The greatest reductions were seen among men, and the highest impact was estimated for the elimination or reduction of processed meat consumption.
Decreased red and processed meat consumption could reduce the burden of CRC markedly in Denmark. These results can assist public health planners and help highlight the important role of a modest but realistic reduction in meat consumption in the prevention of CRC.
PubMed ID
29753206 View in PubMed
Less detail

Development in sunburn 2007-2015 and skin cancer projections 2007-2040 of campaign results in the Danish population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295672
Source
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct; 97(41):e12738
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Date
Oct-2018
Author
Brian Køster
Maria Meyer
Therese Andersson
Gerda Engholm
Peter Dalum
Author Affiliation
Department of Prevention and Information, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.
Source
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct; 97(41):e12738
Date
Oct-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Health Promotion - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Male
Melanoma - epidemiology - prevention & control
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Skin Neoplasms - epidemiology - prevention & control
Socioeconomic Factors
Sunburn - epidemiology - prevention & control
Young Adult
Abstract
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the main risk factor for skin cancer. Denmark has one of the highest incidences of skin cancer in the world. In 2007, a long-term sun safety campaign was launched in Denmark. We have evaluated the effects on prevalence of sunburn and modeled the effects on future melanoma incidence.Sunburn was evaluated by annual cross-sectional surveys representative for the Danish population on age, gender, and region. During 2007-2015, survey data were collected for 33.315 Danes. Cutaneous Melanoma incidences were modeled in the Prevent program, using population projections, historic incidence, sunburn exposure, and relative risk of sunburn on melanoma.The prevalence of sunburn in Denmark was reduced with 1% annually during 2007 to 2015. The campaign is estimated to have reduced the number of skin cancer cases with 664 annually in 2040 and 14.326 totally during 2007 to 2040. If the campaign was terminated in 2015 and sunburn rates return to precampaign level there would be no annual reduction in 2040 while in total the reduction would be 4.024 cases for 2007 to 2040. A continuous campaign until 2040 would yield annual reductions of 2.121 cases by 2040 and a total of 29.729 cases for the entire period.We have showed the value of prevention and the value of long-term planning in prevention campaigning. Sunburn use was reduced significantly during 2007-2015 and further reductions are possible. Consequently, we predict significant fewer skin cancer cases as anticipated.
Notes
Cites: Eur J Cancer. 2010 Sep;46(14):2617-24 PMID 20843490
Cites: J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2011 Nov;25(11):1351-5 PMID 21711466
Cites: JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Oct;151(10):1087-95 PMID 26061591
Cites: Nat Genet. 2007 Dec;39(12):1443-52 PMID 17952075
Cites: Eur J Cancer Prev. 2001 Aug;10(4):337-45 PMID 11535876
Cites: Health Educ Behav. 2001 Jun;28(3):290-305 PMID 11380050
Cites: JAMA Dermatol. 2016 Mar;152(3):268-75 PMID 26818409
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2015 Feb;48(2):183-187 PMID 25442229
Cites: J Photochem Photobiol B. 2001 Oct;63(1-3):8-18 PMID 11684447
Cites: Int J Cancer. 1997 Oct 9;73(2):198-203 PMID 9335442
Cites: Curr Opin Oncol. 2011 Mar;23(2):189-96 PMID 21192263
Cites: Acta Oncol. 2010 Jun;49(5):665-72 PMID 20491525
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2011 Feb;39(1):64-9 PMID 21266589
Cites: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Feb;17(2):428-34 PMID 18250345
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jul;38(5):548-52 PMID 20484310
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2016 Oct;51(4):531-9 PMID 27647053
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2008 Feb;34(2):94-101 PMID 18201638
Cites: Eur J Cancer. 2005 Jan;41(1):45-60 PMID 15617990
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2017 Feb;176(2):446-456 PMID 27412948
Cites: Australas J Dermatol. 1990;31(1):1-4 PMID 2073203
Cites: Arch Dermatol. 1988 Jun;124(6):869-71 PMID 3377516
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2013 Jan;168(1):154-61 PMID 23039760
Cites: Eur J Cancer Prev. 2015 Mar;24(2):141-9 PMID 25089375
Cites: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Jan;19(1):111-20 PMID 20056629
Cites: PLoS One. 2017 May 25;12(5):e0178190 PMID 28542543
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Oct 1;172(7):762-7 PMID 20813801
PubMed ID
30313078 View in PubMed
Less detail

Feasibility of smartphone diaries and personal dosimeters to quantitatively study exposure to ultraviolet radiation in a small national sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273752
Source
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2015 Sep;31(5):252-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2015
Author
Brian Køster
Jens Søndergaard
Jesper B Nielsen
Martin Allen
Mette Bjerregaard
Anja Olsen
Joan Bentzen
Source
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2015 Sep;31(5):252-60
Date
Sep-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Denmark
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Environmental Exposure
Feasibility Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Smartphone
Surveys and Questionnaires
Ultraviolet Rays
Young Adult
Abstract
In 2007, a national skin cancer prevention campaign was launched to reduce the UV exposure of the Danish population. To improve campaign evaluation a questionnaire validation using UV-dosimeters was initiated.
To show the feasibility of dosimeters for national representative studies and of smartphones as a data collection tool.
Participants were sent a dosimeter which they wore for 7 days, received a short diary questionnaire by text message each day and subsequently a longer questionnaire. Correlation between responses from questionnaire, smartphone diaries and dosimeters were examined.
This study shows a 99.5% return rate (n = 205) of the dosimeters by ordinary mail and high response-rates for a smartphone questionnaire dairy. Correlation coefficients for outdoor-time reported through smartphones and dosimeters as average by week 0.62 (0.39-0.77), P 
PubMed ID
25850335 View in PubMed
Less detail

Knowledge deficit, attitude and behavior scales association to objective measures of sun exposure and sunburn in a Danish population based sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature285651
Source
PLoS One. 2017;12(5):e0178190
Publication Type
Article
Date
2017
Author
Brian Køster
Jens Søndergaard
Jesper Bo Nielsen
Karl Bang Christensen
Martin Allen
Anja Olsen
Joan Bentzen
Source
PLoS One. 2017;12(5):e0178190
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Aged
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Sunburn - prevention & control - psychology
Sunlight - adverse effects
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Abstract
The objective of this study was to develop new scales measuring knowledge and attitude about UVR and sun related behavior, and to examine their association to sun related behavior objectively measured by personal dosimetry. During May-August 2013, 664 Danes wore a personal electronic UV-dosimeter for one week that measured their UVR exposure. Afterwards, they answered a questionnaire on sun-related items. We applied descriptive analysis, linear and logistic regression analysis to evaluate the associations between the questionnaire scales and objective UVR measures. Perceiving protection as routine and important were positively correlated with protective behavior. Knowledge deficit of UV and risk of melanoma, perceived benefits and importance of protection behavior was also correlated with use of protection. 'Knowledge deficit of UV and risk of melanoma and Perceived barrier towards sun avoidance between 12 and 15' were both associated with increased risk of sunburn. Attitude towards tan was associated to both outdoor time and exposure as well as use of protection, but not to sunburn. The results regarding Knowledge deficit of UV and risk of melanoma associated to UVR exposure and Perceived barrier towards sun avoidance between 12 and 15 emphasize the importance of awareness of melanoma risk and the priority of the skin cancer prevention advice. Shifting activities to outside the suns peak-hours could be an approach for structural and campaign preventive measures. Knowledge of items predicting exposure to UVR, use of protection and sunburn are important for planning of preventive interventions and melanoma research.
Notes
Cites: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Sep;19(9):2199-21020643826
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2013 Jan;168(1):136-4422612718
Cites: Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Dec 15;57(8):1358-6218050173
Cites: J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015 Feb;29 Suppl 2:11-525639927
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Jun;37(3):654-6718276627
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2013 Mar;44(3):265-7323415124
Cites: Eur J Cancer Prev. 2001 Aug;10(4):337-4511535876
Cites: Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2015 Sep;31(5):252-6025850335
Cites: Health Educ Behav. 2001 Jun;28(3):290-30511380050
Cites: Nutrients. 2016 May 05;8(5):27164133
Cites: J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Oct;27(10):1317-923294192
Cites: J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002 May;46(5):683-912004307
Cites: J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Jun;135(6):1638-4825317845
Cites: Med Care. 2007 May;45(5 Suppl 1):S22-3117443115
Cites: Health Educ Behav. 1999 Jun;26(3):317-4310349571
Cites: Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2005 May;4(5):429-3715875076
Cites: Health Promot Int. 2008 Sep;23(3):209-1918728108
Cites: Public Health. 2014 Sep;128(9):777-8325186241
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2013 Mar;168(3):595-60123363016
Cites: Clin Dermatol. 1998 Jul-Aug;16(4):447-599699057
Cites: J Agromedicine. 2015 ;20(2):85-9425906267
Cites: Health Promot Int. 2004 Sep;19(3):369-7815306621
Cites: Health Educ Res. 2013 Oct;28(5):828-4223204537
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb 1;169(3):267-70; discussion 271-219011114
Cites: Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2000 Apr;16(2):57-6110823313
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2004 Dec;27(5):422-6615556744
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2011 Jan;164(1):163-921039402
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jul;38(5):548-5220484310
Cites: Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 May 05;11(5):4768-8124802677
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Jan;120(1):139-4321852226
Cites: Health Educ Q. 1984 Spring;11(1):1-476392204
Cites: Health Technol Assess. 2009 Feb;13(12):iii, ix-x, 1-17719216837
Cites: Prev Med Rep. 2016 Apr 22;3:367-7227419038
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2014 Feb;104(2):e7-924328651
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 2008 Feb;34(2):94-10118201638
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb 1;169(3):257-6619011116
Cites: Int J Cancer. 2013 Mar 1;132(5):1133-4522752881
Cites: Photochem Photobiol. 2007 May-Jun;83(3):749-5817576384
Cites: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jul 08;(3):MR00000819588449
Cites: Prev Med. 2004 Nov;39(5):992-915475034
Cites: Melanoma Res. 1993 Dec;3(6):395-4018161879
Cites: Eur J Cancer. 2005 Jan;41(1):45-6015617990
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2017 Feb;176(2):446-45627412948
Cites: Arch Dermatol. 1988 Jun;124(6):869-713377516
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2000 Oct;143(4):701-811069445
Cites: J Natl Cancer Inst. 1981 Jun;66(6):1191-3087017215
Cites: Photochem Photobiol. 2013 Jan-Feb;89(1):219-2622891914
Cites: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Jan;19(1):111-2020056629
Cites: Br J Dermatol. 2009 Jun;160(6):1292-819416235
PubMed ID
28542543 View in PubMed
Less detail

'Neighbour smoke'--exposure to secondhand smoke in multiunit dwellings in Denmark in 2010: a cross-sectional study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123485
Source
Tob Control. 2013 May;22(3):190-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Brian Køster
Anne-Line Brink
Inge Haunstrup Clemmensen
Author Affiliation
Danish Cancer Society, Department of Prevention and Documentation, Strandboulevarden 49, Copenhagen DK-2100, Denmark. koester_brian@yahoo.com
Source
Tob Control. 2013 May;22(3):190-3
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Environmental Exposure - analysis - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Female
Housing - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Smoke-Free Policy
Smoking - epidemiology - legislation & jurisprudence
Tobacco Smoke Pollution - analysis - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
'Neighbour smoke' is transfer of secondhand smoke between apartments including shared areas, such as hallways, community rooms and stairwells in multiunit dwellings and is an emerging issue for public health and health equity.
To describe the prevalence of exposure to neighbour smoke in Denmark.
A population-based sample of 5049 respondents (2183 in multiunit dwellings) living in Denmark aged =15 years completed a questionnaire in 2010 on tobacco-related behaviour and exposure to secondhand smoke. The authors examined the relations between exposure to neighbour smoke, own smoking, smoking inside the home, type of residence and demographic factors with descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis.
In this sample, 22% of those living in multiunit dwellings reported exposure to neighbour smoke. Of respondents living in apartments, 41% preferred to live in a building in which smoking is banned. Smoke-free buildings were preferred by 58% of persons exposed to neighbour smoke compared with 37% of persons not exposed. Of the smokers (daily and occasional), 14% preferred to live in a smoke-free building; 31% never smoked indoors in their own home.
The only way to avoid absorbing tobacco smoke from neighbours is to live in a smoke-free multiunit dwelling. There is great demand for such dwellings, especially by young people, people with children and people exposed to neighbour smoke, as well as by people who smoke.
PubMed ID
22693208 View in PubMed
Less detail

Prevalence of sunburn and sun-related behaviour in the Danish population: a cross-sectional study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96925
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jul;38(5):548-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2010
Author
Brian Køster
Camilla Thorgaard
Anja Philip
Inge H Clemmensen
Author Affiliation
Department of Prevention and Documentation, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden, Denmark. koester_brian@yahoo.com
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jul;38(5):548-52
Date
Jul-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Melanoma - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Skin Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Sunburn - complications - epidemiology - psychology
Sunscreening Agents - administration & dosage
Time Factors
Ultraviolet Rays - adverse effects
Young Adult
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, the incidence of melanoma has been increasing since the 1960s. Intermittent exposure to ultraviolet radiation and a history of sunburn and sunbed use are known risk factors. We describe the association between use of protective measures, sun-related behaviour and experience of sunburn in the Danish population three months after the start of the campaign. METHOD: A population-based sample of 3,499 persons aged 15-59 years completed a questionnaire that included items on exposure to ultraviolet radiation. We examined the relations between sunburn and sun-related behaviour by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Within the previous 12 months, 35% of the study population had experienced sunburn. Sunburn became less frequent with age (odds ratio (OR) 4.44; 15-19 vs. 50-59) and skin type (OR 2.57; I vs. III). Sunburn was negatively associated with shade and clothing and positively with use of sunscreens. We found no significant difference in sunscreen use between intentional tanners who experienced sunburn and those who did not. A larger fraction of unintentional tanners with sunburn than those who were not sunburnt had used sunscreen. Sunscreen was used to prolong the time spent in the sun by 66% of sunburnt people; however, we found no association between duration of sun exposure and sunscreen use. CONCLUSIONS: Future campaigns to reduce the prevalence of sunburn in the Danish population must especially target young persons and intentional tanning, and they should emphasize that sunscreen cannot be used to extend the time spent in the sun and that shade and clothing provide the best protection against sunburn.
PubMed ID
20484310 View in PubMed
Less detail

Sunbed use among 64,000 Danish students and the associations with demographic factors, health-related behaviours, and appearance-related factors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291638
Source
Prev Med. 2017 Jul; 100:17-24
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jul-2017
Author
Maria Kristine Hagelskær Meyer
Brian Køster
Lise Juul
Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
Pernille Bendtsen
Peter Dalum
Anne Sofie Plum Christensen
Author Affiliation
Danish SunSmart Campaign, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Prev Med. 2017 Jul; 100:17-24
Date
Jul-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Body Image - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography - statistics & numerical data
Denmark
Female
Health Risk Behaviors
Humans
Male
Risk factors
Skin Neoplasms - prevention & control
Sunbathing - statistics & numerical data
Surveys and Questionnaires
Ultraviolet Rays - adverse effects
Young Adult
Abstract
Sunbed use is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer and is particularly dangerous for younger persons. The objective of this study was to assess how demographic factors, health-related behaviours and appearance-related factors are associated with sunbed use. Cross-sectional data from the Danish National Youth Study collected by the National Institute of Public Health during 2014 was used. A total of 64,382 students aged 15-25years were included in the present study. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to determine associations. Sunbed use during the past 12months was reported by 22% of students, with a higher proportion among females (29%) than males (12%). Factors associated with sunbed use were older age, studying at a vocational college or a higher preparatory examination school compared to upper secondary school, and lower parental education. Furthermore, being a smoker, been binge-drinking, longer duration of exercise and been dieting were also associated with sunbed use. For females, poor dietary habits were also associated with sunbed use. Feeling overweight was associated with lower odds for sunbed use for males, but with higher odds for females. Lower body satisfaction was associated with higher odds of sunbed use, except for overweight males. Students who were underweight had lower odds for sunbed use, than normal weight students. Conclusively, we found evidence of associations between demographic factors, health-related behaviours and appearance-related factors and sunbed use. Understanding these relations could help to identify high-risk groups and guide preventive strategies for sunbed use and skin cancer prevention.
PubMed ID
28336336 View in PubMed
Less detail

Sun Exposure Guidelines and Serum Vitamin D Status in Denmark: The StatusD Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280256
Source
Nutrients. 2016 May 05;8(5)
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-05-2016
Author
Louise Hansen
Anne Tjønneland
Brian Køster
Christine Brot
Rikke Andersen
Marika Lundqvist
Jane Christensen
Anja Olsen
Source
Nutrients. 2016 May 05;8(5)
Date
May-05-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Sunlight
Vitamin D - blood
Vitamin D Deficiency - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Little is known on how vitamin D status is affected by adherence to UVB-limiting sun exposure guidelines. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between adherence to the Danish sun exposure guidelines and vitamin D status. In total, 3194 Danes (2625 adults, 569 children) were recruited among the general population, and more than 92% had blood samples taken both autumn and spring. Using linear regression, we associated serum vitamin D concentrations to questionnaire responses on: seeking shade, wearing a sunhat, wearing protective clothing or using sunscreen. The odds ratio (OR) of either low (
Notes
Cites: Int J Cancer. 2004 Jan 1;108(1):104-814618623
Cites: Rev Neurol (Paris). 2016 Feb;172(2):109-2226867662
Cites: Arch Dis Child. 2006 Feb;91(2):131-816326797
Cites: Photochem Photobiol. 2006 Nov-Dec;82(6):1697-70316958558
Cites: Postgrad Med J. 2007 Apr;83(978):230-517403948
Cites: Int J Cancer. 2007 Jul 1;121(1):1-517415716
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2007 Jul 19;357(3):266-8117634462
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2007;35(4):432-4117786808
Cites: Dan Med Bull. 2008 Feb;55(1):47-6818321444
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):1087S-91S18400739
Cites: Ethn Dis. 2009 Autumn;19(4 Suppl 5):S5-8-1120077598
Cites: Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 Apr 26;172(17):1277-920444393
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2010 Jul;38(5):548-5220484310
Cites: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Dec;19(12):3005-1220940277
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2011 Jul;39(7 Suppl):22-521775345
Cites: Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Aug;25(4):585-9121872800
Cites: Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Jan;23(1):133-4022045154
Cites: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Aug;97(8):2644-5222573406
Cites: PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e5305923326380
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Aug;98(2):374-8223783292
Cites: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Jun;100(6):2339-4625710567
Cites: Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2015 Nov;75(7):549-6126305421
Cites: Dis Markers. 2015;2015:58047426576069
Cites: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1987 Jun;64(6):1165-83033008
PubMed ID
27164133 View in PubMed
Less detail

Vacations to sunny destinations, sunburn, and intention to tan: a cross-sectional study in Denmark, 2007-2009.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137617
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2011 Feb;39(1):64-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2011
Author
Brian Køster
Camilla Thorgaard
Anja Philip
Inge Haunstrup Clemmensen
Author Affiliation
Danish Cancer Society, Department of Prevention and Documentation, Copenhagen, Denmark. koester_brian@yahoo.com
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2011 Feb;39(1):64-9
Date
Feb-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology - ethnology
Female
Holidays
Humans
Incidence
Male
Melanoma - etiology - prevention & control
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Skin Neoplasms - etiology - prevention & control
Sunbathing - psychology
Sunburn - etiology - prevention & control
Sunscreening Agents - administration & dosage
Travel
Ultraviolet Rays - adverse effects
Young Adult
Abstract
Denmark has experienced an increase in melanoma incidence since the 1960s. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the main preventable cause of this cancer. We examined current travel to, and sun-related behaviour of Danes at, sunny destinations in relation to their risk for sunburn.
A population-based sample of 11,158 respondents aged 15-59 years completed three questionnaires in 2007-2009 that included items on exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Using logistic regression analysis we examined the relations between sunny vacations, sun-related behaviour, demographic factors and risk for sunburn.
During 2007-2009, 44.8-45.8% of the respondents travelled to a sunny destination at least once a year; 24% became sunburnt, and 69% tanned intentionally. The odds ratio for sunburn in general for people who went on a sunny vacation as compared with those who did not was 1.6 (1.5-1.7). Sunscreen use (1.9; 1.4-2.6) and intentional tanning (3.4; 2.8-4.1) were positively associated with sunburn on vacation.
Taking a vacation in a sunny place is a risk factor for sunburn, especially for young people. The recommendation for sunscreen use should be re-evaluated, as intention to tan is the most important factor in sunburn on vacation and should be targeted more strategically.
PubMed ID
21266589 View in PubMed
Less detail

Vitamin D Status and Seasonal Variation among Danish Children and Adults: A Descriptive Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297843
Source
Nutrients. 2018 Nov 20; 10(11):
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Nov-20-2018
Author
Louise Hansen
Anne Tjønneland
Brian Køster
Christine Brot
Rikke Andersen
Arieh S Cohen
Kirsten Frederiksen
Anja Olsen
Author Affiliation
Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. louhan@cancer.dk.
Source
Nutrients. 2018 Nov 20; 10(11):
Date
Nov-20-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark - epidemiology
Dietary Supplements
Educational Status
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Seasons
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vitamin D - administration & dosage - analogs & derivatives - blood
Vitamin D Deficiency - blood - epidemiology
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to describe vitamin D status and seasonal variation in the general Danish population. In this study, 3092 persons aged 2 to 69 years (2565 adults, 527 children) had blood drawn twice (spring and autumn) between 2012 and 2014. A sub-sample of participants had blood samples taken monthly over a year. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, and information on supplement use was assessed from questionnaires. Seasonal variations in 25(OH)D concentrations were evaluated graphically and descriptively, and status according to age, sex, and supplement use was described. It was found that 86% of both adults and children were vitamin D-sufficient in either spring and or/autumn; however, many had a spring concentration below 50 nmol/L. A wide range of 25(OH)D concentrations were found in spring and autumn, with very low and very high values in both seasons. Among adults, women in general had higher median 25(OH)D concentrations than men. Furthermore, vitamin D supplement use was substantial and affected the median concentrations markedly, more so during spring than autumn. Seasonal variation was thus found to be substantial, and bi-seasonal measurements are vital in order to capture the sizable fluctuations in vitamin D status in this Nordic population.
PubMed ID
30463277 View in PubMed
Less detail

10 records – page 1 of 1.