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Relations Between Autonomous Motivation and Leisure-Time Physical Activity Participation: The Mediating Role of Self-Regulation Techniques.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282129
Source
J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2016 Apr;38(2):128-37
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2016
Author
Johanna Nurmi
Martin S Hagger
Ari Haukkala
Vera Araújo-Soares
Nelli Hankonen
Source
J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2016 Apr;38(2):128-37
Date
Apr-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accelerometry
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Exercise
Female
Finland
Humans
Individuality
Internal-External Control
Leisure Activities - psychology
Male
Models, Psychological
Motivation
Personal Autonomy
Prospective Studies
Abstract
This study tested the predictive validity of a multitheory process model in which the effect of autonomous motivation from self-determination theory on physical activity participation is mediated by the adoption of self-regulatory techniques based on control theory. Finnish adolescents (N = 411, aged 17-19) completed a prospective survey including validated measures of the predictors and physical activity, at baseline and after one month (N = 177). A subsample used an accelerometer to objectively measure physical activity and further validate the physical activity self-report assessment tool (n = 44). Autonomous motivation statistically significantly predicted action planning, coping planning, and self-monitoring. Coping planning and self-monitoring mediated the effect of autonomous motivation on physical activity, although self-monitoring was the most prominent. Controlled motivation had no effect on self-regulation techniques or physical activity. Developing interventions that support autonomous motivation for physical activity may foster increased engagement in self-regulation techniques and positively affect physical activity behavior.
PubMed ID
27390147 View in PubMed
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