Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are rare and heterogeneous neoplasia. To obtain valid data on epidemiology, diagnostics, therapy, prognosis and risk factors is the aim of the German NET registry.
Data from 2009 histologically proven NET were collected from 35 NET centres between 1999 and 2010. Data collection has been performed prospectively since 2004. Results: Median follow-up was 34.5 months and median age at diagnosis 56.4 years. Primary tumour localisations were pancreas (34.2%), midgut (5.8%), stomach (6.5%), bowel (6.9%), duodenum (4.8%) and neuroendocrine CUP (12.6%). Synchronous metastases were seen in 46% and second malignancies in 12%. From 860 patients, 402 (46.7%) had functional tumours with the following hormone excess syndromes: carcinoid syndrome (19.1%; n = 164), persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (17.7%; n = 152), Zollinger- Ellison syndrome (7.1%; n = 61), glucagonoma (0.7%; n = 15), Verner-Morrison syndrome (0.4%; n = 8) and somatostatinoma syndrome(0.1%; n = 2). Surgical therapy was performed in 78%, therapy with somatostatin receptor analogues(SSA) in 28%, peptide radioreceptor therapy (PRRT) in 19%, chemotherapy in 18% and interferon therapy in 6.5%. Only surgery was done in 47%, whereas 53% received a second therapy. General mortality rate during follow-up was 14.9%. The tumour-specific survival rates for 2, 5 and 10 years were 94, 85 and 70%. The 5-year survival is dependent on the surgical or non-surgical therapy (82 versus 61%, p
During the last 5 years the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) has developed basic recommendations for a standardized pathological diagnosis and classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) of the gastroenteropancreatic system. These were included in the novel classification of tumors of the digestive system by the World Health Organization (WHO 2010) and the TNM classification of the union for international cancer control (2009). This review presents the pathology diagnosis regarding (1) basic diagnosis, (2) clinically relevant optional diagnosis, (3) proliferation-based grading, (4) nomenclature and (5) TNM classification. It is emphasized that a standardized diagnosis of NEN, together with clinical and radiological findings, is crucial for prognostic stratification and optimal therapy of patients with NEN. Therefore a close interdisciplinary collaboration is essential.