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189 records – page 1 of 19.

[10 years of the ischemic heart disease prevention project in northern Karelia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239026
Source
Cas Lek Cesk. 1985 Mar 29;124(13):385-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-29-1985

[20-year experience with the North Karelia Project. Preventive activities yield results].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219246
Source
Nord Med. 1994;109(2):54-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
P. Puska
E. Vartiainen
J. Tuomilehto
A. Nissinen
Author Affiliation
Avd för epidemiologi och hälsofrämjande, Folkhälsoinstitutet, Helsingfors.
Source
Nord Med. 1994;109(2):54-5
Date
1994
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - mortality - prevention & control
Finland - epidemiology
Health education
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - mortality - prevention & control
PubMed ID
8121789 View in PubMed
Less detail

Advances in the management of hypertension in the community over four years of intervention of the North Karelia project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247221
Source
Public Health. 1979 May;93(3):143-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1979

Age and regional differences in reliability and factor structure of the Zung Self-rating Scale in elderly Finnish men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235247
Source
J Clin Psychol. 1987 May;43(3):318-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1987
Author
S L Kivelä
A. Nissinen
S. Punsar
P. Puska
Source
J Clin Psychol. 1987 May;43(3):318-27
Date
May-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - psychology
Finland
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Psychological Tests
Psychometrics
Abstract
Regional and age differences in the reliability and factor structure of the SDS among elderly (65-84 years) men who were living either in eastern or in southwestern Finland were investigated. The Cronbach alpha coefficient was .803 for the eastern and .809 for the southwestern cohort; these figures were reasonably high. The tendency found was for the coefficient to be somewhat higher for the old (75-84 years) than for the young-old (65-74 years) population. In investigating the factor structure, a principal components factor analysis was performed, and the remaining factors were rotated using the orthogonal Varimax rotation algorithm. Three factors emerged for young-old men in the East, for young-old men in the Southwest and for old men in the Southwest, and four factors for old men in the East. The factor patterns of the first two factors showed similarities in both regions, but their order was different. "Loss of self-esteem" accounted for more of the common variance in the East and "agitated mood" in the Southwest. The differences in the third factor between the two regions were evident.
PubMed ID
3597787 View in PubMed
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Alcohol consumption and mortality in aging or aged Finnish men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature12366
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 1989;42(1):61-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
S L Kivelä
A. Nissinen
A. Ketola
S. Punsar
P. Puska
M. Karvonen
Author Affiliation
University of Oulu, Department of Public Health, Finland.
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 1989;42(1):61-8
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aging - physiology
Alcohol Drinking
Cause of Death
Coronary Disease - epidemiology
Finland
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Population Surveillance
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Smoking
Abstract
The association between alcohol consumption and 10-year mortality by death cause was studied in 1112 men aged 55-74 years and living either in eastern or south-western Finland. After adjustment for age, blood pressure, smoking, serum cholesterol, and other variables, the relative odds ratio of 10-year total mortality associated with consuming 1-273 g of absolute alcohol per month was 0.9 (95% confidence interval of 0.6-1.2) and with consuming more than 273 g per month due to violence was small, 15, but relative odds of violent death associated with consuming 1-273 and 274 or more grams of alcohol per month were 3.4 and 16.2, respectively (95% confidence intervals of 0.4-31.9 and 1.9-141.2).
Notes
Erratum In: J Clin Epidemiol 1989;42(7):701
PubMed ID
2913188 View in PubMed
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All cause mortality and its determinants in middle aged men in Finland, The Netherlands, and Italy in a 25 year follow up.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226215
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1991 Jun;45(2):125-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1991
Author
A. Menotti
A. Keys
D. Kromhout
A. Nissinen
H. Blackburn
F. Fidanza
S. Giampaoli
M. Karvonen
J. Pekkanen
S. Punsar
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanitá, Viale Regina Elena, Rome, Italy.
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1991 Jun;45(2):125-30
Date
Jun-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Italy - epidemiology
Life expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Multivariate Analysis
Netherlands - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Abstract
The aims were (1) to compare all cause mortality in population samples of different cultures; and (2) to cross predict fatal event by risk functions involving risk factors usually measured in cardiovascular epidemiology.
The study was a 25 year prospective cohort study. The prediction of all cause mortality was made using the multiple logistic equation as a function of 12 risk factors; the prediction of months lived after entry examination was made by the multiple linear regression using the same factors. POPULATION SAMPLES: There were five cohorts of men aged 40-59 years, from Finland (two cohorts, 1677 men), from The Netherlands (one cohort, 878 men), and from Italy (two cohorts, 1712 men).
The Finnish cohorts came from geographically defined rural areas, the Dutch cohort from a small town in central Holland, and the Italian cohorts from rural villages in northern and central Italy.
All cause mortality was highest in Finland (557 per 1000), and lower in The Netherlands (477) and in Italy (475). The solutions of the multiple logistic function showed the significant and almost universal predictive role of certain factors, with rare exceptions. These were age, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, and arm circumference (the latter with a negative relationship). Similar results were obtained when solving a multiple linear regression equation predicting the number of months lived after entry examination as a function of the same factors. The prediction of fatal events in each country, using the risk functions of the others, produced limited errors, the smallest one being -2% and the largest +11%. When solving the logistic model in the pool of all the cohorts with the addition of dummy variables for the identification of nationality, it also appeared that only a small part of the mortality differences between countries is not explained by 12 available risk factors.
A small set of risk factors seems to explain the intercohort differences of 25 year all cause mortality in population samples of three rather different cultures.
Notes
Cites: Circulation. 1972 Apr;45(4):815-285016014
Cites: Clin Chem. 1956 Jun;2(3):145-5913317101
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1981 Apr;113(4):371-77211822
Cites: Lancet. 1981 Jul 11;2(8237):58-616113438
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Cites: Am Heart J. 1986 Oct;112(4):825-363532744
Cites: Biometrika. 1967 Jun;54(1):167-796049533
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 1971 Aug;128(2):201-145564199
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1987 Mar;77(3):307-123812836
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 1987 Sep;41(3):243-503443819
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 1988 Dec;17(4):773-83225084
Cites: Ann Med. 1989 Jun;21(3):175-92765258
Cites: Prev Med. 1990 May;19(3):270-82377589
Cites: J Chronic Dis. 1975 Feb;28(2):109-231112866
PubMed ID
2072071 View in PubMed
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Antihypertensive drug treatment in a middle-aged population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242968
Source
Hypertension. 1982 Sep-Oct;4(5):716-24
Publication Type
Article
Author
H. Enlund
A. Nissinen
J. Tuomilehto
Source
Hypertension. 1982 Sep-Oct;4(5):716-24
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists - therapeutic use
Adult
Antihypertensive Agents - therapeutic use
Diuretics - therapeutic use
Drug Therapy - utilization
Female
Finland
Health Surveys
Humans
Hypertension - prevention & control
Male
Middle Aged
Patient compliance
Physical Examination
Questionnaires
Risk
Abstract
In Finland's North Karelia region a community-based program for control of hypertension was administered for 5 years. Afterward, drug treatment and the impact of such treatment on control of blood pressure were studied in a cross-sectional survey. The study population (n = 10,199) consisted of a 6.6% random sample of people aged 30-64 years in North Karelia (program area) and Kuopio (reference area). Rate of participation was about 90%. The methods included questionnaire, personal interview, and clinical examination. In North Karelia, 24% of the men and 25% of the women were hypertensives (blood pressure greater than or equal to 175 mm Hg systolic and/or 100 mm Hg diastolic, or currently on antihypertensive drug therapy), compared with 33% of the men and 29% of the women in the reference area. In North Karelia, 48% of the male hypertensives and 67% of the female hypertensives were on drug therapy, compared with 32% and 54%, respectively, in the reference area. Of the total population in each area, 14% in North Karelia currently used drugs, compared with 13% in the reference area. Diuretics and beta-blockers were the drugs most commonly prescribed; men used beta-blockers more often than women did. In terms of quantity of medication, type of drugs, and compliance, the differences between the two areas were small. Control of blood pressure, however, was clearly better in North Karelia than in the reference area for hypertensives and drug users and for both men and women. Therefore, compared with the traditional system, organized hypertension care results in more successful treatment.
PubMed ID
6125473 View in PubMed
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Antimicrobial resistance in Haemophilus influenzae isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, middle ear fluid and throat samples of children. A nationwide study in Finland in 1988-1990.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216391
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1995;27(1):57-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995
Author
A. Nissinen
E. Herva
M L Katila
S. Kontiainen
O. Liimatainen
S. Oinonen
A K Takala
P. Huovinen
Author Affiliation
Antimicrobial Research Laboratory, National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland.
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1995;27(1):57-61
Date
1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Ampicillin - pharmacology
Ampicillin Resistance - physiology
Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
Bacterial Capsules - analysis
Blood - microbiology
Case-Control Studies
Cerebrospinal Fluid - microbiology
Child, Preschool
Ear, Middle - microbiology
Finland - epidemiology
Haemophilus Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology - microbiology
Haemophilus influenzae - classification - drug effects - isolation & purification
Humans
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Pharynx - microbiology
beta-Lactamases - biosynthesis
Abstract
A nation-wide survey of the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Haemophilus influenzae was conducted on isolates collected in 1988-90 from middle ear fluid (MEF), blood, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in infected children or throat samples of healthy children. Altogether 885 strains were examined regarding capsular type b, beta-lactamase production and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ampicillin, cefaclor, erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for these strains was determined by the agar dilution method. 99% (578/585) of MEF isolates, 93% (112/121) of throat isolates, but only 6% (10/179) of blood/CSF isolates were not of type b (Hib). The rate of beta-lactamase production was 11.4% among Hib strains, 8.0% among non-type b MEF isolates, and 4.5% among non-type b throat isolates. No increase in the prevalence of beta-lactamase production in H. influenzae has taken place in Finland since the early 1980s. Resistance to ampicillin among strains that lacked beta-lactamase activity was rare (0.2%). Of the non-type b MEF and throat isolates, 5.9% and 2.7%, respectively, were resistant to trimethoprim and 3.6% and 2.7%, respectively, to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Resistance to other drugs was rare (
PubMed ID
7784815 View in PubMed
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Antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Finland, 1987-1990.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35325
Source
Clin Infect Dis. 1995 May;20(5):1275-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1995
Author
A. Nissinen
M. Leinonen
P. Huovinen
E. Herva
M L Katila
S. Kontiainen
O. Liimatainen
S. Oinonen
A K Takala
P H Mäkelä
Author Affiliation
Antimicrobial Research Laboratory, National Public Health Institute, Turku, Oulu.
Source
Clin Infect Dis. 1995 May;20(5):1275-80
Date
May-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Child, Preschool
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Finland
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Otitis Media - drug therapy - microbiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Serotyping
Streptococcus pneumoniae - drug effects
Time Factors
Abstract
A nationwide survey of the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from the middle ear fluid of children with acute otitis media (639 strains) and from throat-swab samples of healthy children (149 strains) was conducted in Finland during 1987-1990. The MICs of penicillin, cephalothin, cefaclor, erythromycin, trimethoprim, and co-trimoxazole were determined by the agar dilution method. Low-level resistance to penicillin (MIC, 0.1-1 microgram/mL) was found in 1.7% of the otitis-related and 1.3% of the healthy-carrier strains. No highly penicillin-resistant strains (MIC, > or = 2 micrograms/mL) were found. Six multiresistant strains were detected, three of them possibly belonging to a previously identified clone present in Finland since 1985. Eighty-five percent of the resistant otitis-related strains, including 9 of the 11 moderately penicillin-resistant strains (4 of which were multiresistant), belonged to the three most common serogroups (6, 19, and 23).
PubMed ID
7620010 View in PubMed
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Apolipoprotein E polymorphism, Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia among elderly Finnish men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214135
Source
Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 Oct;92(4):297-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1995
Author
J H Stengård
J. Pekkanen
R. Sulkava
C. Ehnholm
T. Erkinjuntti
A. Nissinen
Author Affiliation
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 Oct;92(4):297-8
Date
Oct-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Alleles
Alzheimer Disease - genetics
Apolipoproteins E - genetics
Dementia, Vascular - genetics
Finland
Humans
Male
Phenotype
Polymorphism, Genetic - genetics
Abstract
An association between late-onset Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and the common polymorphic alleles of the gene coding for apolipoprotein E, epsilon 2, epsilon 3, and epsilon 4, was assessed in a population sample of 393 elderly Finnish men aged 70 to 89 years. Of them, 7% suffered Alzheimer's disease and 3% had vascular dementia. Among those who suffered Alzheimer's disease, there was a statistically significant excess of the epsilon 4 allele. No such an association was observed between the apolipoprotein E alleles and vascular dementia. We conclude that the apolipoprotein E polymorphism confers information about a risk of Alzheimer's disease in this population sample of elderly Finnish men.
PubMed ID
8848934 View in PubMed
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189 records – page 1 of 19.