Polymorphism ofglutathione-S-transferase (GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTM3, GSTP1, and GSTT1) and DNA repair (ERCC1, ERCC2, and XRCC1) genes in samples of ovarian cancer patients and healthy women of the Russian ethnic group was studied. A trend in the allele frequency variation of ERCC2 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (rs13181, A > C) was revealed. The A allele frequency was higher in the sample of patients (60,6% versus 52,9%, P = 0.058).
The CYP2E1 gene polymorphism has been studied in Yakut women with ovarian cancer and without cancer. The two groups have been found to substantially differ in the frequency of the CYP2E1* 1D allele (with a 96-bp insertion in the promoter region of the gene): it is more frequent in healthy women (16.3 versus 7.4%, P = 0.007).
DNA polymorphism is an important component of the interindividual variation in reactions of patients to the same drugs. In this work, evaluation of the association between polymorphisms in 106 genes involved in key processes of cellular activity (xenobiotic metabolism, DNA repair, the cell cycle, and apoptosis), and outcomes in a cohort of Yakut ovarian cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy was carried out. The polymorphism in the CDKN1B gene (rs34330) was found to be associated with complete tumor response and progression-free survival. SNPs in EPXH1 gene (rs2234922 and rs2260863) were correlated with hearing impairment. A SNP in NBN gene (rs1063045) was associated with severe emesis.
We have conducted a comparative study of allele frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1799793 and rs13181 of the ERCC2 gene as well as rs1799782 and rs25487 of the XRCC1 gene in population samples from European regions of Russia as well as in populations of Izhemsk and Priluzsk Komi and Yakuts. Significant differences in the distribution of polymorphic variants of the ERCC2 gene were demonstrated between populations of Yakuts and populations of Russians and Komi. In case of XRCC1 gene Izhemsk Komi population exhibited dissimilar allele frequencies compared to other populations.