Skip header and navigation
Did you mean name:" A M older'ev"? Also try older, or offer.

Refine By

14 records – page 1 of 2.

[Arterial pressure, physical activity and physical work capacity].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222340
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(12):12-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
A M Kocharov
A N Britov
V M Ivanov
E A Grishenkov
V G Sviderskii
V N Spizhovyi
A M Olfer'ev
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(12):12-6
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Blood Pressure - physiology
Discriminant Analysis
Exercise - physiology
Exercise Test - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow - epidemiology
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Sex Characteristics
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Work Capacity Evaluation
Abstract
A representative population sample was studied to elucidate relationships of arterial pressure (AR) with muscular performance (MP) and arterial hypertension risk factors. Power working capacity (PWCx) was measured by means of exercise tolerance test at rest, under physical loading and after the exercise. The findings were processed using a multivariate step-by-step regression analysis which established independent relations between exercise and postexercise MP and arterial hypertension. In normal and hypertensive males a rise in systolic pressure (SP) after the initial exercise (load 1) was dependent on PWC1 after more intensive exercise (load 2) on relations of MP with heart rate, SP and diastolic pressure (DP). In hypertensive males the SP elevation depended also on the age, B. W. index and heart rate. In normal AP males a DP rise depended on PWC2 and MP, the increment being limited by relationships between MP, DP, heart rate and SP. In hypertensive males the influence of PWC1 is defined through a SP rise after load 1. In normal AP and hypertensive females PWC1 is decisive for a SP rise. In normal AP females growth of DP after load 2 was dependent on PWC2 in relation to heart rate growth after load 2, while in hypertensive females PWC1 resulted in DP elevation after load 1. On comparison of the groups with normal and high AP the degree of AP increment under exercise depended on the relations of MP with heart rate, SP and DP.
PubMed ID
8146762 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Changes in the basic risk factors for ischemic heart disease in Moscow boys over the period of a year: natural dynamics and the effects of prophylactic action].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235836
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1987;10(1):91-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1987
Author
G Ia Maslennikova
A A Aleksandrov
G L Isakova
A M Olfer'ev
E A Khrutskaia
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1987;10(1):91-8
Date
1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood pressure
Body Weight
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Coronary Disease - blood - physiopathology - prevention & control
Humans
Lipids - blood
Male
Moscow
Physical Exertion
Risk
Skinfold thickness
Time Factors
Urban Population
Abstract
The rise in mean blood plasma levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol over a one-year period has been observed in Moscow boys (aged from 12 to 13 years). Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) in this period remained unchanged. In the district where preventive therapy was performed we have observed the decrease in mean levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol and SBP over a one-year period in boys of the same age group. Age-dependent increment in Ketle index was significantly lower in this district. This indicates that preventive measures have a positive effect on the formation and development of CHD risk factors in children.
PubMed ID
3606839 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Comparative characteristics of the lipoprotein spectrum in hypercholesterolemia in 40- to 59-year-old men living in Moscow and Kharkov].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234727
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):25-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1987
Author
I L Nazarenko
A M Olfer'ev
N V Perova
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):25-8
Date
Sep-1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Cholesterol - blood
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - blood - epidemiology
Lipoproteins - blood
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Sex Factors
Triglycerides - blood
Ukraine
Urban Population
Abstract
Total cholesterol, triglycerides and high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured in a study of 40-59-years-old male populations in Moscow and Kharkov. Hypercholesterolemic individuals were identified, using standard criteria, in both cities. Although mean lipid parameters were similar in individuals with second-type hyperlipoproteinemia from Moscow and Kharkov, the pattern of hypercholesterolemia was different in terms of the lipoprotein spectrum. It is concluded that detailed differentiation of second-type hyperlipoproteinemia is essential for the identification of major mechanisms of the atherogenic potential of hypercholesterolemia in different populations.
PubMed ID
3695108 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Comparative characteristics of the plasma lipid composition of 10-11-year-old schoolchildren in Moscow and Novosibirsk]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39012
Source
Ter Arkh. 1987;59(1):26-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1987
Author
I B Tubol
D V Feizukhanova
G S Zhukovskii
T G Dorofeeva
A M Olfer'ev
Source
Ter Arkh. 1987;59(1):26-9
Date
1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arteriosclerosis - prevention & control
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Lipids - blood
Male
Moscow
Reference Values
Risk
Siberia
Abstract
The role of lipoproteins in the etiology of atherosclerosis has been proved by the present time and dyslipoproteinemia is considered one of the main risk factors like smoking and arterial hypertension. In 1983-1984 an epidemiological survey of a representative sample of schoolchildren was conducted in one of the Moscow districts and according to a unified program among standardized participants in Novosibirsk. As a result, regional normal limits and mean values of blood plasma lipids were established in the populations of schoolchildren aged 10-11 in Moscow and Novosibirsk, their comparative characteristics and interrelationships between physical development and a degree of puberty were studied. Considerable differences in the TG level of plasma were found. The fact might be due to regional nutrition habits.
PubMed ID
3563909 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Prevalence of dyslipidemia in open population of Tiumen'].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180403
Source
Ter Arkh. 2004;76(1):38-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
E V Akimova
L V Dracheva
E I Gakova
T D Zhuravleva
A M Olfer'ev
V V Gafarov
V A Kuznetsov
Source
Ter Arkh. 2004;76(1):38-41
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Female
Humans
Hyperlipidemias - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Lipids - blood
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
To evaluate levels of total cholesterol (TC), HDLP cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), occurrence of hypercholesterolemia (HCE), hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and low HDLP cholesterol in the Tyumen population.
866 men and women aged 25-64 years have been examined in one-stage cardiological screening within a two-stage epidemiological study of serum lipoproteins by WHO criteria.
HCE was registered in 15.6% males and 18.8% females, a low HDLP cholesterol--in 5.3 and 4.2%, HTG--in 5.8 and 4.3% males and females, respectively. A high TC level and HCE occurred more frequently in women over 54 years of age; a low HDLP cholesterol level in insignificant fall in HDLP cholesterol and no age-related changes of this index were found both in males and females; TG were elevated in older males in moderate prevalence of HTG in the population.
It is shown that Tyumen population is at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. Further studies are needed to specify targeted preventive programs.
PubMed ID
15108436 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases: long term results of five year long preventive intervention in 12-year old boys (ten year prospective study)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature158904
Source
Kardiologiia. 2007;47(8):60-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
V B Rozanov
A A Aleksandov
E N Shugaeva
N V Perova
G Ia Maslennikova
S G Smirnova
A M Olfer'ev
Source
Kardiologiia. 2007;47(8):60-8
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Child
Cohort Studies
Humans
Lipids - blood
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Primary Prevention
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
In a longitudinal cohort (prevention group, n=213, comparison group, n=163) of 10-year prospective follow-up we addressed efficacy of 5-year-long multifactor preventive intervention, conducted in a sample of population of 12 year old boys. Preventive intervention was carried out both at populational level and among persons with risk factors of development of cardiovascular diseases with the use of group, individual, and partly family approaches, and was directed at rationalization of nutrition, elevation of physical activity and prevention of harmful habits. During first 3 years of prevention we succeeded to achieve stable statistically significant lowering of mean levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and atherogeneity index, as well as to affect fatty component of body mass (skinfold thickness). Long term effect of 5-year long preventive intervention manifested as significantly lower level of systolic blood pressure, lower prevalence of low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, smaller increment of low density lipoprotein cholesterol and index of atherogeneity in the prevention group. These results evidence that prevention of main factors of risk of development of cardiovascular diseases (obesity, arterial hypertension, disorders of lipid composition of the blood, and low physical activity) in child and adolescent age in the period of active growth and development is feasible, effective, safe and is able to lead to decrease of levels of these factors in adults, but should last uninterruptedly until formation of stable habits of healthy life style.
PubMed ID
18260915 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Structure of nutrition of one of Moscow's districts and its relationship to risk factors of chronic noninfectious diseases from the standpoint of medical prevention].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209947
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1997;(3):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
R A Eganian
A M Kalinina
O V Izmailova
T I Meshcheriakova
E A Grishenkov
A M Olfer'ev
V M Ivanov
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1997;(3):3-7
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control
Chronic Disease
Diet, Atherogenic
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Nutrition Surveys
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Abstract
Dietary intake was studied in 295 of Moscow's residents by 24-hour recall method. High level of animal fat, sugar and cholesterol (Ch) were found in diet of man and women. Energy intake of men is higher than that of women at the expense of animal fat and protein. Women consume less amount of cholesterol-containing food. The levels of serum Ch, HDLP-Ch, triglycerides are in close relation with blood pressure values. The levels of serum Ch, HDLP-Ch, systolic and diastolic blood pressure are connected with variables of age and body mass index.
PubMed ID
9289917 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The characteristics of the blood lipid transport system in the disabled with lost lower extremities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210121
Source
Ter Arkh. 1997;69(1):62-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
L N Kaznacheev
N V Perova
A M Olfer'ev
I N Ozerova
V A Metel'skaia
V M Shamarin
Source
Ter Arkh. 1997;69(1):62-5
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Amputation
Amputees
Arterial Occlusive Diseases - blood - surgery
Biological Transport
Humans
Leg - blood supply
Leg Injuries - blood - surgery
Lipids - blood
Lipoproteins - blood
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Abstract
A comparative analysis of major blood lipoprotein values in 108 males aged 16-65 years with lower limbs amputations has shown a higher level of triglycerides (TG) and a reduced level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL C) in them than in control males with normal limbs. In the subgroup of patients who had undergone the amputation as a result of obliterative arterial disease, the TG level was the highest while HDL C the lowest; moreover, these values appeared to be the same as in the age-matched subgroup of patients with manifestations of atherosclerosis. In the subgroup of older men with posttraumatic lower limb amputations (aged 40-59 years) the TG and HDL C levels did not differ from the corresponding parameters in age-matched subgroup of healthy subjects, whereas young amputees (17-39 years) had the increased blood TG concentration and reduced level of HDL C and apolipoprotein AI. The conclusion is made: disability following limb amputation accompanied by restricted mobility, inadequate physical static efforts as well as by chronic psychological stress seem especially dangerous for young invalids because of associated lipoprotein profile changes which can be regarded as highly atherogenic.
PubMed ID
9163056 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The dynamics of ischemic heart disease and the risk factors among the male population of Moscow in the 1985 to 1995 period].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210125
Source
Ter Arkh. 1997;69(1):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
V V Konstantinov
G S Zhukovskii
O S Konstantinova
T N Timofeeva
A V Kapustina
A M Olfer'ev
A D Deev
Source
Ter Arkh. 1997;69(1):12-4
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity - trends
Moscow - epidemiology
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology
Prevalence
Random Allocation
Risk factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The trends in prevalence of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and risk factors for 1985-1995 have been studied on random representative samples of male population from Moscow. For the decade studied IHD incidence increased, especially in younger males. Changes in IHD risk factors were the following: systolic and diastolic pressures were on the increase. HDLP cholesterol and total cholesterol in the blood lowered, total triglycerides were unchanged, incidence of smoking remained high.
PubMed ID
9163039 View in PubMed
Less detail

14 records – page 1 of 2.