Achievements of Siberian cardiologists in the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of arterial hypertension and coronary heart disease are described with reference to specific conditions of Siberia and the Far East. Research priorities, such as problems of combined prophylaxis and the development of new methods for preventive check-ups of the population in Siberia are discussed.
The authors have demonstrated the existence of linear correlation between the complex of three factors (the number of beds and psychiatrists in hospitals and outpatient clinics) and incidence rate (over a period of 16 years) of neuroses in 11 administrative areas, epilepsy, in 12 areas, psychoses, in 15, oligophrenia, in 17, alcoholism and schizophrenia in all 18 areas of Siberia and the Far East. Correlations of each of the three factors with the morbidity rate varied within a wide range in relation to both administrative areas and individual diseases. The authors draw attention to the importance of supplementing the growth of resources of psychiatric service with new forms and methods of work.
Analysis of the character of the linear relation between the totality and some factors (the number of beds, psychiatrists working at hospitals and on an outpatient basis) that characterize the psychiatric services in 18 regions of Siberia and the Far East over 16 years as well as between the identification of new cases of schizophrenia, epilepsy, alcoholism, neuroses, psychoses and oligophrenia has demonstrated a high efficacy of the totality of factors. The differences have been shown between the regions in respect to the relation of the factors to the disease incidence, explained by the authors by the specificity of the organizational structure of the psychiatric services and by a number of other factors.