Skip header and navigation

Refine By

5 records – page 1 of 1.

Design of a human biomonitoring community-based project in the Northwest Territories Mackenzie Valley, Canada, to investigate the links between nutrition, contaminants and country foods.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294629
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 12; 77(1):1510714
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
12-2018
Author
Mylene Ratelle
Matthew Laird
Shannon Majowicz
Kelly Skinner
Heidi Swanson
Brian Laird
Author Affiliation
a School of Public Health and Health Systems , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Canada.
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 12; 77(1):1510714
Date
12-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Community-based projects place emphasis on a collaborative approach and facilitate research among Indigenous populations regarding local issues and challenges, such as traditional foods consumption, climate change and health safety. Country foods (locally harvested fish, game birds, land animals and plants), which contribute to improved food security, can also be a primary route of contaminant exposure among populations in remote regions. A community-based project was launched in the Dehcho and Sahtù regions of the Northwest Territories (Canada) to: 1) assess contaminants exposure and nutrition status; 2) investigate the role of country food on nutrient and contaminant levels and 3) understand the determinants of message perception on this issue. Consultation with community members, leadership, local partners and researchers was essential to refine the design of the project and implement it in a culturally relevant way. This article details the design of a community-based biomonitoring study that investigates country food use, contaminant exposure and nutritional status in Canadian subarctic First Nations in the Dehcho and Sahtù regions. Results will support environmental health policies in the future for these communities. The project was designed to explore the risks and benefits of country foods and to inform the development of public health strategies.
Notes
Cites: Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2007 May;210(3-4):201-28 PMID 17376741
Cites: Environ Health. 2014 May 26;13:40 PMID 24886515
Cites: Sci Total Environ. 2015 Mar 15;509-510:41-66 PMID 24993511
Cites: Environ Health. 2009 Feb 28;8:6 PMID 19250551
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2007 Sep;97(9):1547-54 PMID 17666695
Cites: Annu Rev Public Health. 1998;19:173-202 PMID 9611617
Cites: J Nutr. 1997 Nov;127(11):2179-86 PMID 9349845
Cites: Sci Total Environ. 2003 Jan 20;302(1-3):27-52 PMID 12526896
Cites: J Nutr. 2007 Apr;137(4):1110-4 PMID 17374689
Cites: Ecohealth. 2009 Jun;6(2):266-78 PMID 19953294
Cites: Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2007 May;210(3-4):271-97 PMID 17347043
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2010 Mar-Apr;101(2):154-8 PMID 20524382
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Dec;114(12):1964-70 PMID 17185292
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2013 Apr-Jun;13(2):2255 PMID 23548075
Cites: Environ Res. 2015 Aug;141:31-41 PMID 25499539
Cites: Environ Toxicol. 2003 Jun;18(3):149-75 PMID 12740802
Cites: Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2013 Summer;7(2):135-43 PMID 23793244
Cites: Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2005 Sep;20(2):351-60 PMID 21783611
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2003 Apr;93(4):529-33 PMID 12660190
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2012 Jul 27;71:19003 PMID 22868192
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2001 Dec;91(12):1929-38 PMID 11726368
Cites: Environ Res. 2006 Mar;100(3):295-318 PMID 16081062
Cites: Sci Total Environ. 2015 Sep 15;527-528:150-8 PMID 25965033
PubMed ID
30157724 View in PubMed
Less detail

Prevalence and severity of household food insecurity of First Nations people living in an on-reserve, sub-Arctic community within the Mushkegowuk Territory.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259196
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2014 Jan;17(1):31-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Kelly Skinner
Rhona M Hanning
Leonard J S Tsuji
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2014 Jan;17(1):31-9
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Family Characteristics
Female
Food Supply - statistics & numerical data
Health Surveys - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Inuits - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Ontario
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics
Socioeconomic Factors
Vulnerable Populations - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To measure and describe the prevalence and severity of household food insecurity in a remote on-reserve First Nations community using the Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM) and to evaluate the perceived relevance of the HFSSM for this population.
Household food security status was determined from the eighteen-item HFSSM following the classifications developed by Health Canada for the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2·2 Nutrition. One adult from each household in the community was invited to complete the HFSSM and to comment on its relevance as a tool to measure food security for First Nations communities.
Sub-Arctic Ontario, Canada.
Households (n 64).
Seventy per cent of households were food insecure, 17% severely and 53% moderately. The prevalence of food insecurity in households with children was 76%. Among respondents from homes rated as having severe food insecurity, all (100 %) reported worrying that food would run out, times when food didn't last and there wasn't money to buy more, and times when they couldn't afford to eat balanced meals. The majority of respondents felt the HFSSM did not capture an accurate picture of food security for their situation. Aspects missing from the HFSSM included the high cost of market food and the incorporation of traditional food practices.
A high prevalence of household food insecurity was reported in this community. On-reserve remote First Nations communities may be more susceptible to food insecurity than off-reserve Aboriginal populations. Initiatives that promote food security for this vulnerable population are needed.
PubMed ID
23806766 View in PubMed
Less detail

Giving voice to food insecurity in a remote indigenous community in subarctic Ontario, Canada: traditional ways, ways to cope, ways forward.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114202
Source
BMC Public Health. 2013;13:427
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Kelly Skinner
Rhona M Hanning
Ellen Desjardins
Leonard J S Tsuji
Author Affiliation
School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada. kskinner@uwaterloo.ca
Source
BMC Public Health. 2013;13:427
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Arctic Regions
Diet
Female
Food Supply - standards
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Inuits - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Ontario
Population Groups - ethnology - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Residence Characteristics
Resilience, Psychological
Resource Allocation - methods
Rural Population
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Food insecurity is a serious public health issue for Aboriginal people (First Nations [FN], Métis, and Inuit) living in Canada. Food security challenges faced by FN people are unique, especially for those living in remote and isolated communities. Conceptualizations of food insecurity by FN people are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of food insecurity by FN adults living in a remote, on-reserve community in northern Ontario known to have a high prevalence of moderate to severe food insecurity.
A trained community research assistant conducted semi-directed interviews, and one adult from each household in the community was invited to participate. Questions addressed traditional food, coping strategies, and suggestions to improve community food security and were informed by the literature and a community advisory committee. Thematic data analyses were carried out and followed an inductive, data-driven approach.
Fifty-one individuals participated, representing 67% of eligible households. The thematic analysis revealed that food sharing, especially with family, was regarded as one of the most significant ways to adapt to food shortages. The majority of participants reported consuming traditional food (wild meats) and suggested that hunting, preserving and storing traditional food has remained very important. However, numerous barriers to traditional food acquisition were mentioned. Other coping strategies included dietary change, rationing and changing food purchasing patterns. In order to improve access to healthy foods, improving income and food affordability, building community capacity and engagement, and community-level initiatives were suggested.
Findings point to the continued importance of traditional food acquisition and food sharing, as well as community solutions for food systems change. These data highlight that traditional and store-bought food are both part of the strategies and solutions participants suggested for coping with food insecurity. Public health policies to improve food security for FN populations are urgently needed.
Notes
Cites: CMAJ. 2010 Feb 23;182(3):243-820100848
Cites: J Transcult Nurs. 2010 Jan;21(1):5-1419820173
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):137020568912
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2010 May-Jun;101(3):196-20120737808
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Sep;118(9):a386-9320810341
Cites: Geogr J. 2011;177(1):44-6121560272
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2011;11(2):168021702639
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2011 Jun;70(3):286-30021631967
Cites: J Nutr. 2011 Sep;141(9):1746-5321753059
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2011;70(5):488-9722005728
Cites: J Nutr. 2012 Mar;142(3):541-722323760
Cites: Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Apr;9(4):1379-9722690200
Cites: Am J Health Promot. 2012 Jul-Aug;26(6):e159-7022747324
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2012;12:212222909226
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2012;12:46422720722
Cites: Health Rep. 2001 Aug;12(4):11-2215069808
Cites: Annu Rev Nutr. 1996;16:417-428839933
Cites: J Nutr. 1999 Feb;129(2S Suppl):517S-520S10064321
Cites: J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Feb;105(2):278-8315668689
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Feb;64(1):55-6415776993
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2005 Jul-Aug;96 Suppl 3:S32-6, S36-4116042162
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Apr;65(2):148-6116711466
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Sep;65(4):331-4017131971
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Dec;114(12):1964-7017185292
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):403-1517319085
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):416-3117319086
Cites: Environ Monit Assess. 2007 Apr;127(1-3):293-30616897501
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2007 Sep;66(4):308-1918018844
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2008 Mar-Apr;99(2):95-718457280
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2009 Aug;12(8):1150-619105863
Cites: Biodemography Soc Biol. 2009;55(1):12-2919835098
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):133320568911
PubMed ID
23639143 View in PubMed
Less detail

Implementation of human biomonitoring in the Dehcho region of the Northwest Territories, Canada (2016-2017).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296489
Source
Arch Public Health. 2018; 76:73
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2018
Author
Mylène Ratelle
Kelly Skinner
Matthew J Laird
Shannon Majowicz
Danielle Brandow
Sara Packull-McCormick
Michèle Bouchard
Denis Dieme
Ken D Stark
Juan Jose Aristizabal Henao
Rhona Hanning
Brian D Laird
Author Affiliation
1School of Public Health and Health Systems, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON Canada.
Source
Arch Public Health. 2018; 76:73
Date
2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Human biomonitoring represents an important tool for health risk assessment, supporting the characterization of contaminant exposure and nutrient status. In communities where country foods (locally harvested foods: land animals, fish, birds, plants) are integrated in the daily diet, as is the case in remote northern regions where food security is a challenge, such foods can potentially be a significant route of contaminant exposure. To assess this issue, a biomonitoring project was implemented among Dene/Métis communities of the Dehcho region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
Participants completed dietary surveys (i.e., a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h recall) to estimate food consumption patterns as well as a Health Messages Survey to evaluate the awareness and perception of contaminants and consumption notices. Biological sampling of hair, urine and blood was conducted. Toxic metals (e.g., mercury, lead, cadmium), essential metals (e.g., copper, nickel, zinc), fatty acids, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were measured in samples.
The levels of contaminants in blood, hair and urine for the majority of participants were below the available guidance values for mercury, cadmium, lead and uranium. However, from the 279 participants, approximately 2% were invited to provide follow up samples, mainly for elevated mercury level. Also, at the population level, blood lead (GM: 11 µg/L) and blood cadmium (GM: 0.53 µg/L) were slightly above the Canadian Health Measures Survey data. Therefore, although country foods occasionally contain elevated levels of particular contaminants, human exposures to these metals remained similar to those seen in the Canadian general population. In addition, dietary data showed the importance and diversity of country foods across participating communities, with the consumption of an average of 5.1% of total calories from wild-harvested country foods.
This project completed in the Mackenzie Valley of the Northwest Territories fills a data gap across other biomonitoring studies in Canada as it integrates community results, will support stakeholders in the development of public health strategies, and will inform environmental health issue prioritization.
PubMed ID
30524727 View in PubMed
Less detail

Design of a human biomonitoring community-based project in the Northwest Territories Mackenzie Valley, Canada, to investigate the links between nutrition, contaminants and country foods.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299330
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 12; 77(1):1510714
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
12-2018
Author
Mylene Ratelle
Matthew Laird
Shannon Majowicz
Kelly Skinner
Heidi Swanson
Brian Laird
Author Affiliation
a School of Public Health and Health Systems , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Canada.
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 12; 77(1):1510714
Date
12-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Communication
Community Participation - methods
Cooperative Behavior
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollutants - analysis
Food contamination - analysis
Food Supply - standards
Humans
Indians, North American
Northwest Territories - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Abstract
Community-based projects place emphasis on a collaborative approach and facilitate research among Indigenous populations regarding local issues and challenges, such as traditional foods consumption, climate change and health safety. Country foods (locally harvested fish, game birds, land animals and plants), which contribute to improved food security, can also be a primary route of contaminant exposure among populations in remote regions. A community-based project was launched in the Dehcho and Sahtù regions of the Northwest Territories (Canada) to: 1) assess contaminants exposure and nutrition status; 2) investigate the role of country food on nutrient and contaminant levels and 3) understand the determinants of message perception on this issue. Consultation with community members, leadership, local partners and researchers was essential to refine the design of the project and implement it in a culturally relevant way. This article details the design of a community-based biomonitoring study that investigates country food use, contaminant exposure and nutritional status in Canadian subarctic First Nations in the Dehcho and Sahtù regions. Results will support environmental health policies in the future for these communities. The project was designed to explore the risks and benefits of country foods and to inform the development of public health strategies.
PubMed ID
30157724 View in PubMed
Less detail