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Chernobyl post-accident management: the ETHOS project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33144
Source
Health Phys. 1999 Oct;77(4):361-72
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1999
Author
G H Dubreuil
J. Lochard
P. Girard
J F Guyonnet
G. Le Cardinal
S. Lepicard
P. Livolsi
M. Monroy
H. Ollagnon
A. Pena-Vega
V. Pupin
J. Rigby
I. Rolevitch
T. Schneider
Author Affiliation
Mutadis, Paris, France.
Source
Health Phys. 1999 Oct;77(4):361-72
Date
Oct-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Animals
Byelarus
Child
Emergencies
Europe
Female
Food contamination, radioactive
Government Agencies
Health education
Humans
Meat - standards
Milk - standards
Mothers
Pilot Projects
Radioactive fallout
Ukraine
Abstract
ETHOS is a pilot research project supported by the radiation protection research program of the European Commission (DG XII). The project provides an alternative approach to the rehabilitation of living conditions in the contaminated territories of the CIS in the post-accident context of Chernobyl. Initiated at the beginning of 1996, this 3-y project is currently being implemented in the Republic of Belarus. The ETHOS project involves an interdisciplinary team of European researchers from the following institutions: the Centre d'etude sur l'Evaluation de la Protection dans le domaine Nucleaire CEPN (radiological protection, economics), the Institute National d'Agronomie de Paris-Grignon INAPG (agronomy, nature & life management), the Compiegne University of Technology (technological and industrial safety, social trust), and the Mutadis Research Group (sociology, social risk management), which is in charge of the scientific co-ordination of the project. The Belarussian partners in the ETHOS project include the Ministry of Emergencies of Belarus as well as the various local authorities involved with the implementation site. The ETHOS project relies on a strong involvement of the local population in the rehabilitation process. Its main goal is to create conditions for the inhabitants of the contaminated territories to reconstruct their overall quality of life. This reconstruction deals with all the day-to-day aspects that have been affected or threatened by the contamination. The project aims at creating a dynamic process whereby acceptable living conditions can be rebuilt. Radiological security is developed in the ETHOS project as part of a general improvement in the quality of life. The approach does not dissociate the social and the technical dimensions of post-accident management. This is so as to avoid radiological risk assessment and management being reduced purely to a problem for scientific experts, from which local people are excluded, and to take into consideration the problems of acceptability of decisions and the distrust of the population towards experts. These cannot be solved merely by a better communication strategy. This paper presents the main features of the methodological approach of the ETHOS project. It also explains how it is being implemented in the village of Olmany in the district of Stolyn (Brest region) in Belarus since March 1996, as well as its initial achievements.
PubMed ID
10492342 View in PubMed
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A history of health and social services in Alaska: Dedicated to the 1993 centennial of public health nursing in Alaska

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96202
Publication Type
Report
Date
May 1993
migration patterns of the animals. Men, women and children foraging food were challenged by their surroundings every day. The subsistence lifestyle made the Natives susceptible to starvation and drowning, loss of limb and loss of life. Most communities were small, transient, and almost everywhere
  1 document  
Author
State of Alaska Department of Health & Social Services
Date
May 1993
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
181698
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska Department of Health
Alaska Native health care
Alcoholism and drug abuse
Arctic Health Research Center
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Circumpolar health
Community health care
Endemic health problems
Family and youth services
Floating health centers
Indigenous health care
Matanuska colony
Mobile Health Units
Parran Report
Public Assistance
Public Health
Public welfare
Social Security Act
Territorial health
Tuberculosis
Western disease
WWII impact on health
Abstract
For many years, health and human services professionals have urged complilation of a department history within the context of evolving health and human services in Alaska. This publication was prepared in response to those requests. It reviews broad issues and events, highlighting their contribution to health and social services in our state.
Notes
Found in the Alaska Collection: RA447.A4 H57 1993
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Dietary antioxidants and the risk of lung cancer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225751
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Sep 1;134(5):471-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1-1991
Author
P. Knekt
R. Järvinen
R. Seppänen
A. Rissanen
A. Aromaa
O P Heinonen
D. Albanes
M. Heinonen
E. Pukkala
L. Teppo
Author Affiliation
Research Institute for Social Security, Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Sep 1;134(5):471-9
Date
Sep-1-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Antioxidants - pharmacology
Ascorbic Acid - pharmacology
Carotenoids - pharmacology
Cohort Studies
Dairy Products
Diet
Eating
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Fruit
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - etiology - prevention & control
Male
Meat products
Middle Aged
Proportional Hazards Models
Retinoids - pharmacology
Risk
Selenium - pharmacology
Smoking
Vegetables
Vitamin E - pharmacology
Abstract
The relation between the intake of retinoids, carotenoids, vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium and the subsequent risk of lung cancer was studied among 4,538 initially cancer-free Finnish men aged 20-69 years. During a follow-up of 20 years beginning in 1966-1972, 117 lung cancer cases were diagnosed. Inverse gradients were observed between the intake of carotenoids, vitamin E, and vitamin C and the incidence of lung cancer among nonsmokers, for whom the age-adjusted relative risks of lung cancer in the lowest tertile of intake compared with that in the highest tertile were 2.5 (p value for trend = 0.04), 3.1 (p = 0.12), and 3.1 (p less than 0.01) for the three intakes, respectively. Adjustment for various potential confounding factors did not materially alter the results, and the associations did not seem to be due to preclinical cancer. In the total cohort, there was an inverse association between intake of margarine and fruits and risk of lung cancer. The relative risk of lung cancer for the lowest compared with the highest tertile of margarine intake was 4.0 (p less than 0.001), and that for fruits was 1.8 (p = 0.01). These associations persisted after adjustment for the micronutrient intakes and were stronger among nonsmokers. The results suggest that carotenoids, vitamin E, and vitamin C may be protective against lung cancer among nonsmokers. Food sources rich in these micronutrients may also have other constituents with independent protective effects against lung cancer.
Notes
Comment In: Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Nov 1;136(9):1167-9; author reply 1169-701462977
PubMed ID
1897503 View in PubMed
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Food security: what the community wants. Learning through focus groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216722
Source
J Can Diet Assoc. 1994;55(4):188-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
D. Hargrove
J A Dewolfe
L. Thompson
Author Affiliation
Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington Health Unit, Ontario.
Source
J Can Diet Assoc. 1994;55(4):188-91
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community Health Planning - methods
Educational Status
Focus Groups
Food Services - organization & administration
Humans
Income
Interviews as Topic
Mental health
Ontario
Public Health Administration
Self Concept
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
We used focus groups to learn the range of issues threatening food security of low income residents in our community. Five major themes emerged from the discussions: literacy, money, time, mental health and self-esteem, suggesting several approaches that could help ensure food security: 1) education, 2) sharing of resources, 3) coalition building, and 4) advocacy. Education programs have to be practical, allowing for demonstrations and hands-on learning while emphasizing skill building and problem solving. Incorporating a social aspect into learning may compensate for the social isolation and would capitalize on the impressive mutual support we witnessed. Strategies based on self-help and peer assistance may counteract low self-esteem and overcome suspicion of health professionals. A community-wide effort is needed to address the factors contributing to food insecurity. We envision the formation of a coalition of professionals, agencies, and low income people to develop a comprehensive strategy for achieving food security.
PubMed ID
10139320 View in PubMed
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Source
Tidsskr Sykepl. 1997 Apr 22;85(7):19
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-22-1997
Author
E. Gjelsvik
Source
Tidsskr Sykepl. 1997 Apr 22;85(7):19
Date
Apr-22-1997
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Developing Countries
Food Supply
Humans
Norway
Poverty
Social Security
PubMed ID
9464130 View in PubMed
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The structure of a factory closure: individual responses to job-loss and unemployment in a 10-year controlled follow-up study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73805
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1990;31(12):1301-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
S. Westin
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, University of Trondheim, Norway.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1990;31(12):1301-11
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Aged
Employment
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Food-Processing Industry
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Norway
Pensions
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retirement
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Social Adjustment
Unemployment - psychology
Abstract
A prospective study has been conducted of 85 employees (72 women and 13 men) made redundant when a brisling sardine factory on the west coast of Norway was shut down in 1975. 87 employees (66 women and 21 men) in a 'sister factory' which was not shut down, were used as controls. Previous analyses have shown a substantial reduction in future employment of the study group, a two-fold increase in time consumed on sick leave during the first follow-up year, and a more than three-fold increase in the life-table based rates of disability pensions (invalidity) during the first four follow-up years compared to the controls. In this paper the follow-up data regarding six mutually exclusive and inclusive conditions related to employment and health have been analysed on a weeks per person per year basis, permitting the effects of job-loss over 10 years to be compared with what could have been expected had the factory not been closed. For those not subjected to old age pension or death, three kinds of long-term adaptation showed a marked differential effect among study subjects and controls: a substantial long-term reduction in mean time spent in job, an increase in consumption of time on disability pension, and an increase in time spent outside the labour force without social security coverage, the latter being mostly confined to women. These follow-up data provide a comprehensive picture of individual long-term adaptation to involuntary job-loss, emphasizing its effects on future employment, health, social readjustment and social security benefit consumption.
PubMed ID
2287959 View in PubMed
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Physical activity, smoking and overweight among the Cree of eastern James Bay.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227707
Source
Pages 770-773 in B.D. Postl et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 90. Proceedings of the International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 8th, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 20-25, 1990. Arctic Medical Research 1991; Suppl.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
>oats, s-obilcs and tclaUioo baYC appeared. Re- duced pbysical activity and a~ in awilabilityof food baYC JlllM'd the way for die 5'>Glled health prd>lcmli of civilimtion: ~of Cllidiovasal- latdisasa and diabetes alt! OD the rise and obesity is ba.unillg c:ndemic (4,5). With this in mind, the
  1 document  
Author
C. Lavallée
E. Robinson
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health, Montreal General Hospital.
Source
Pages 770-773 in B.D. Postl et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 90. Proceedings of the International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 8th, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 20-25, 1990. Arctic Medical Research 1991; Suppl.
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Exercise
Female
Humans
Indians, North American - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - ethnology
Quebec - epidemiology
Smoking - ethnology
PubMed ID
1365296 View in PubMed
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Women's dietary intakes in the context of household food insecurity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202843
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Mar;129(3):672-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1999
Author
V S Tarasuk
G H Beaton
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E2, Canada.
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Mar;129(3):672-9
Date
Mar-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Diet
Energy intake
Female
Folic Acid - administration & dosage
Food Services
Food Supply
Humans
Hunger
Iron - administration & dosage
Magnesium - administration & dosage
Nutritional Status
Ontario
Vitamin A - administration & dosage
Women's health
Abstract
A study of food insecurity and nutritional adequacy was conducted with a sample of 153 women in families receiving emergency food assistance in Toronto, Canada. Contemporaneous data on dietary intake and household food security over the past 30 d were available for 145 of the women. Analyses of these data revealed that women who reported hunger in their households during the past 30 d also reported systematically lower intakes of energy and a number of nutrients. The effect of household-level hunger on intake persisted even when other economic, socio-cultural, and behavioral influences on reported dietary intake were considered. Estimated prevalences of inadequacy in excess of 15% were noted for Vitamin A, folate, iron, and magnesium in this sample, suggesting that the low levels of intake associated with severe household food insecurity are in a range that could put women at risk of nutrient deficiencies.
PubMed ID
10082773 View in PubMed
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Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203007
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Feb;129(2S Suppl):525S-528S
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1999
Author
A M Hamelin
J P Habicht
M. Beaudry
Author Affiliation
Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Feb;129(2S Suppl):525S-528S
Date
Feb-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Family
Female
Food Services
Food Supply
Health status
Humans
Hunger
Male
Nutritional Status
Poverty
Quebec
Questionnaires
Rural Population
Social Alienation
Social Values
Stress, Psychological
Urban Population
Abstract
A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.
PubMed ID
10064323 View in PubMed
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Health and nutrition in children under 2 years of age in three areas of the Russian Federation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213130
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 1996;74(6):605-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
K. Welch
N. Mock
B. Sorensen
O. Netrebenko
Author Affiliation
Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112-2737, USA.
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 1996;74(6):605-12
Date
1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Breast Feeding
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Immunization
Infant
Infant Food - standards
Infant Nutrition Disorders - prevention & control
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Infant Welfare
Infant, Newborn
Morbidity
Russia
Abstract
The study objectives were to determine the nutritional status of children under 2 years of age in selected areas of the Russian Federation, to estimate the proportion of children potentially at risk for nutritional problems, and to characterize such a vulnerable group in terms of demographic variables. A cross-sectional sample of children under 2 years of age was used. Six areas-Moscow, St Petersburg, Ekaterinburg, and their surrounding oblasts-were sampled, and data were collected for approximately 800 children in each area between July and December 1993. A low prevalence of children with a weight-for-age Z-score below -2 was found, indicating that at the time of the survey protein-energy malnutrition was not a serious problem for this age group. However, other survey results indicating high morbidity, low immunization rates, the possibility of food insecurity, and poor infant-feeding practices imply that children's health could easily deteriorate. Therefore, food security and children's nutrition should be monitored to avoid serious consequences in the future. The results also show that there is ample scope for public health interventions that encourage more effective immunization coverage, emphasize prevention of childhood diseases, and promote proper infant-feeding practices.
Notes
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1984 Mar;39(3):437-456695843
Cites: RDH. 1989 Feb;9(2):12-3, 152756133
PubMed ID
9060221 View in PubMed
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[The provision of the pediatric population of Russia with high-quality products--a problem of national security].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213141
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1996;(5):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996

Human health implications of environmental contaminants in Arctic Canada: A review

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature4526
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1999 Jun 1;230(1-3):1-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1-1999
Drive, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1S 5B6 c Health Canada, Food Directorate, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Banting Research Center, Tunney’s Pasture, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0L2 d Unité de recherchen santé publique (Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Centre hospitalier de l’Université Laval
  1 document  
Author
Van Oostdam, J
Gilman, A
Dewailly, E
Usher, P
Wheatley, B
Kuhnlein, H
Neve, S
Walker, J
Tracy, B
Feeley, M
Jerome, V
Kwavnick, B
Author Affiliation
Health Canada, Bureau of Chemical Hazards, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1999 Jun 1;230(1-3):1-82
Date
Jun-1-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
File Size
5360239
Keywords
Adult
Animals
Arctic Regions
Canada
Environmental Exposure
Environmental monitoring
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Female
Food Contamination
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated - toxicity
Indians, North American
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pregnancy
Public Health
Risk factors
Abstract
This paper assesses the impact on human health of exposure to current levels of environmental contaminants in the Canadian Arctic, and identifies the data gaps that need to be filled by future human health research and monitoring. The concept of health in indigenous groups of the Arctic includes social, cultural, and spiritual dimensions. The harvesting, sharing and consumption of traditional foods are an integral component to good health among Aboriginal people influencing both physical health and social well-being. Traditional foods are also an economic necessity in many communities. Consequently, the contamination of country food raises problems which go far beyond the usual confines of public health and cannot be resolved by health advisories or food substitutions alone. The primary exposure pathway for the contaminants considered in this paper is through the traditional northern diet. For the Inuit, the OCs of primary concern at this time from the point of view of exposure are chlordane, toxaphene, and PCBs. Exposures are higher in the eastern than in the western region of the North. For Dene/Metis, exposure to OCs is in general below a level of concern. However, estimated intake of chlordane and toxaphene has been found to be elevated for certain groups and is a cause for concern if exposures are elevated on a regular basis. The developing foetus and breast-fed infant are likely to be more sensitive to the effects of OCs and metals than individual adults and are the age groups at greatest risk in the Arctic. Extensive sampling of human tissues in the Canadian north indicate that a significant proportion of Dene, Cree and Inuit had mean maternal hair mercury levels within the 5% risk-range proposed by the WHO for neonatal neurological damage. Based on current levels, lead does not appear to pose a health threat while cadmium is likely only a major risk factor for heavy smokers or consumers of large amounts of organ meats. Consumers of traditional foods are exposed to an approximately seven-fold higher radiation dose than non-consumers of traditional foods due predominantly to the bioaccumulation of natural radionuclides in the food chain. Risk determination for contaminants in country food involves a consideration of the type and amounts of food consumed and the sociocultural, nutritional, economic, and spiritual benefits associated with country foods. Risk management options that minimize the extent to which nutritional and sociocultural aspects of Aboriginal societies are compromised must always be considered.
PubMed ID
10466227 View in PubMed
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1379222cd5e839e78d353c427ab62ff4f612.pdf

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Food affordability in air stage communities

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2865
Source
Pages 182-188 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Indian women of childbearing age found that food security was an issue of great concern to this population.2 Approximately half of the women interviewed were extremely concerned about not having enough money to buy food. In 1992, more than half of the households in Repulse Bay, Davis Inlet, and
  1 document  
Author
Lawn, J.
Robbins, H.
Hill, F.
Author Affiliation
Dialogos Educational Consultants, Quebec, Canada
Source
Pages 182-188 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Canada
Food costs
Northern Air Stage Program
Northern Food Basket
Nutrition
Abstract
In 1991 and 1992, changes were made to the rate structure and eligibility requirements of the Northern Air Stage Program. To determine the effect of these changes on the affordability of a nutritious diet, food price surveys were conducted in 20 isolated communities, staging points, and selected southern cities and used to cost a 46-item Northern Nutritious Food Basket (NFB), which meets the nutrient requirements of a reference family of four. Food affordability was calculated as the percentage of "after-shelter" social assistance income required to purchase the NFB. In the Northwest Territories (NWT), from 100% to 123% of income was required in Air Stage communities in 1990-1991 and from 86% to 125% in 1993. In the provinces, from 65% to 83% of income was needed in 1990-1991 and from 56% to 98% in 1993. In Kangiqsujuaq and Nain, the amount of "after-shelter" income needed increased by as much as 6% and 15%, respectively. Changes to the Northern Air Stage Program reduced the cost of perishable foods and improved the affordability of a nutritious diet in the NWT. Affordability is also affected by social assistance income. In most isolated communities, families would still find it difficult to afford a nutritious diet.
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Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health : abstracts, followed by author index and keyword index : Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A., May 19 - May 24, 1996

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293149
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
1996
the Arctic.A few major cen- ters manned with specialists and flying doctors would help recruite doctors. 16 CONTAMINANTS IN DUCKS"usEb AS SUBSISTENCE FOODS INNORTH CENTRAL ALASKA. John S. Barclay and Barry Wbitehill.... Universky ofConaectieut,Storrs.,USA. Local native concern re possible
  1 document  
Author
International Congress on Circumpolar Health
American Society for Circumpolar Health
Date
1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
File Size
14390077
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Circumpolar medicine
Cold Climate
Delivery of Health Care
Public Health
Notes
RC 955.2 .I574 1996
Documents

10th-Int-Cong-Circumpolar-Hlth-Abstracts.pdf

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Comprehensive killer whale investigation

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300987
Publication Type
Report
Date
April 1996
. Preliminary tabulation of predation events indicated harbor seals and Dall's porpoise are the primary food items of transient killer whales from April to October. Resident killer whales appear to select coho salmon from mixed schools during the July to September period. Full sized biopsy samples have been
  1 document  
Author
C O Matkin
D Scheel
G M Ellis
L B Lennard
E Saulitis
Author Affiliation
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project
North Gulf Oceanic Society
Date
April 1996
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
4763426
Notes
This annual report has been prepared for peer review as part of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council restoration program for the purpose of assessing project progress. Peer review comments have been addressed in this annual report
Documents

Comprehensive-Killer-Whale-Investigation-1996.pdf

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Ethnographic summary: The Aleutian-Pribilof Islands region

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102056
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1993
, "High or sudden winds and fog were of immediate importance to the Aleuts. Prolonged periods of bad weather could leave hunters landbound, leading to hunger and even starvation" (1991:22). Hunters caught in a severe storm at sea faced grave peril, and many were lost at sea. Food procurement could
  1 document  
Author
Black, LT
Author Affiliation
Social Research Institute, Anchorage, AK
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 3
Date
May-1993
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Aleutian region
Aleuts
Bering Sea
Commandor Islands
Cultural divisions
Dialects
Diseases
Ecological knowledge
Economy
Ethnohistory
Fur hunters
Indigenous societies
Kinship
Language
Near Islands
Orthodox Christianity
Pathology
Polities
Precontact rituals
Russians
Social structure
Warfare
Abstract
The term Aleutian Region refers to the habitat of the Unangan (Aleut) speakers. In pre-contact times this area encompassed, from east to west, the Shumagin Island to the south of the Alaska Peninsula, the area of the Alaska Peninsula west of Port Moller, and all the islands of the Aleutian Archipelago, including the Near Islands in the west. In post-contact time, two Bering Sea island groups, the Pribilof Islands in the United States and the Commandor Islands (Komandorskie ostrova) in Russia, were settled by Aleuts and are incorporated today in the Aleutian Region.
Notes
The entire collection of working papers from the Social Transition in the North project is available at UAA Archives & Special Collections in the Consortium Library.
Documents

STN_Vol 1_No 3_Ethnographic Summary_Aleutian-Pribilof Isla.pdf

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Ethnographic summary: The Chukotka region

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102057
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1993
and servicemen were having difficulty Social Transition in the North Chukotka Ethnography, Page 10 obtaining walrus tusks, furs and food. As a result of their misfortune, they pressured the governor of Yakutia province, Voevode A. Barnashlev, to send a petition to Moscow with a request to
  1 document  
Author
Pika, AI
Terentyeva, LP
Bogoyavlensky, DD
Author Affiliation
Social Research Institute, Anchorage, AK
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 4
Date
May-1993
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Christianity
Chukchis
Chukotka
Economy
Eskimos
Ethnography
Ethnohistory
Fur breeding
Geography
Health care
Hunting
Indigenous populations
Kinship
Marriage
Reindeer breeding
Sea mammal harvest
Social organization
Subsistence
Traditional culture
Whaling
Abstract
The Providenski district (covering 26.8 thousand square kilometers) occupies the southeastern portion of the Chukotski Peninsula. The southeastern coast of the district is surrounded by the Bering Sea, while the northeast boundary borders the Chukotka district and the western edge neighbors the Yiultinsky district. Prior to 1957, the Providenski district was incorporated into the Chukotka district.
Notes
The entire collection of working papers from the Social Transition in the North project is available at UAA Archives & Special Collections in the Consortium Library.
Documents

STN_Vol 1_No 4_Ethnographic Summary_Chukotka Region_May 1993.pdf

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Ethnographic summary: The Kamchatka region

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102058
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1993
Communities 66 V.A. Indexes of Birthrate. Mortality Rates and Population Growth . . . . . . . . 68 V.B. Social Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 V.C. The Demography of the Indigenous Population of Karaga . . . . . . . . . . . 77
  1 document  
Author
Mourashko, OA
Pika, AI
Bogoyavlenski, DD
Author Affiliation
Social Research Institute, Anchorage, AK
Source
Social Transition in the North, Working Papers, Vol. 1, No. 5
Date
Aug-1993
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Bering Sea
Communication
Demographic behavior
Economy
Ethnic composition
Evens
Fish harvests
Indigenous populations
Itelmens
Kamchadals
Kamchatka Peninsula
Mortality
Orthodox Church
Reindeer
Settlement
Shamanism
Social structure
Subsistence
Traditional use
Abstract
The Kamchatka Administrative Region is made up of the Tigilsky, Karaginsky, and Bystrinsky districts. These districts share common boundaries, which extend from latitude 55°45' to 60°45'north to longitude 153°45' to 165° east. Together, they cover 108,300 square kilometers, with the Tigilsky District spreading out over 68,200 square kilometers, the Karaginsky District spanning 29,500 square kilometers, and the Bystrinsky District occupying 20,600 square kilometers. From south to north, the boundaries between the districts are divided by the Sredinny Mountain Ridge. This ridge descends towards the isthmus of the Kamchatka Peninsula and becomes a watershed (made by rivers flowing into the Okhotsky and Bering seas). Between the Tigilsky and Bystrinsky districts, there is the Ichinsky volcano (3,621 meters), which is extinct. To the west of the Sredinny Ridge lies the West Kamchatka Lowland. This lowland makes up a major part of the Tigilsky District; but because it is so badly bogged it keeps the development of land traffic and communications in the Tigilsky District greatly hindered. It is only in the coastal area that there are still old pathways linking separate villages, and trails which lead up to the passes over the Sredinny Ridge. The northern part of the Tigilsky District and the entire Karaginsky District are located in the southern edge of the Eternal Congelation Zone. Located in this zone are the villages of Tigil, Sedanka, Elovka, and Uka. Farther north, in the narrowest part of the neck where the valleys of the Anapka and Pustaya rivers meet, is Parapolsky Dol.the southern edge of the Eternal Congelation Zone. Located in this zone are the villages of Tigil, Sedanka, Elovka, and Uka. Fuirther north, in the narrowest part of the neck where the valleys of the Anapka and Pustay rivers meet, is Parapoolsky Dol.
Notes
The entire collection of working papers from the Social Transition in the North project is available at UAA Archives & Special Collections in the Consortium Library.
Documents

STN_Vol 1_No 5_Ethnographic Summary_Kamchatka Region_Aug 1993.pdf

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People and the Arctic: A prospectus for research on the human dimensions of the Arctic system (HARC)

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102063
Source
Report prepared for the National Science Foundation Arctic System Science Program
Publication Type
Report
Date
May-1997
the Arctic Ocean). Such problems may alter the trophic dynamics of the arctic system, affecting the abundance and safety of terrestrial and marine food resources upon which many arctic peoples depend. The greatest potential for arctic environmental change, however, does not originate in the Arctic
  1 document  
Author
Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS)
Source
Report prepared for the National Science Foundation Arctic System Science Program
Date
May-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
5880243
Keywords
Arctic
Global change
Humans
Local knowledge
Abstract
HARC research considers human activity, both within and outside the Arctic, as a link and vital driver among the terrestrial, marine, and climatic subsystems. Accordingly, the initiative provides a significant opportunity to integrate ecosystem and climate studies with a broad range of the social sciences. The major thrusts of the HARC initiative are to broaden our understanding of the arctic system and to assist arctic peoples to understand and respond to the effects of large-scale changes. HARC is also concerned with the effects of change in the arctic system on people who live outside the Arctic.
Documents

NSF_People-and-the-Arctic_A-Prospectus-for-Research-on-the-Human-Dimensions-of-the-Arctic-System-HARC_May-1997.pdf

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Reflecting Visions: new perspectives on adult education for Indigenous Peoples.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297032
Source
UNESCO Institute for Education. The University of Waikato.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1998
  1 document  
Author
King, Linda
Source
UNESCO Institute for Education. The University of Waikato.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
File Size
2223373
Keywords
Indigenous peoples
Education
Abstract
This book contains 14 papers: "Indigenous Peoples and Adult Education: A Growing Challenge" (Rodolfo Stavenhagen); "Indigenous Peoples: Progress in the International Recognition of Human Rights and the Role of Education" (Julian Burger); "Adult Learning in the Context of Indigenous Societies" (Linda King); "Linguistic Rights and the Role of Indigenous Languages in Adult Education" (Utta von Gleich); "Youth and Adult Education and Literacy for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America: Guatemala, Honduras,Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia" (Teresa Valiente Catter); "The Educational Reality of the Indigenous Peoples of the Mesoamerican Region" (Vilma Duque);"Multiculturalism and Adult Education: The Case of Chile" (Francisco Vergara E.); "Anangu Teacher Education: An Integrated Adult Education Programme"(Mary Ann Bin-Sallik, Nan Smibert); "Inuit Experiences in Education and Training Projects" (Kevin Knight); "Adult Education among Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador" (Pedro Humberto Ushina S.); "Indigenous Reflections on Education:The Mixes and Triquis of Mexico: Our Experience in Popular Education" (Sofia Robles Hernandez); "A Personal Critique of Adult Education" (Fausto Sandoval Cruz); "Capacity Building: Lessons from the Literacy Campaign of the Assembly of the Guarani People of Bolivia" (Luis Enrique Lopez); "Development, Power and Identity: The Challenge of Indigenous Education" (Nicholas Faraclas);"The Saami Experience: Changing Structures for Learning" (Jan Henry Keskitalo); and "Tiaki Nga Taonga o Nga Tupuna: Valuing the Treasures.Towards a Global Framework for Indigenous People" (Nora Rameka, Michael Law).Appended are the Huaxyacac (Oaxaca) Declaration on Adult Education for Indigenous Peoples and a note on the book's contributors.(MN)
Notes
ISBN 92 820 1086-4
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